Representations of people, events and personalities in both Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible 1953 and Percy Bysshe Shelley’s sonnet Ozymandias, reveal the composers personal agenda and effectively demonstrate this in relation to people and politics. Millers The Crucible is a classic parable of mass hysteria drawing a chilling parallel between the Salem witch trials of 1692 and the Congressional hearings of the McCarthy era which griped America in the 1950’s. Shelley’s masterful sonnet is a first person persona describing a meeting with someone who has travelled to a place where ancient civilizations once existed. Both composers even though they have varying contextual eras, both display similar ideals including those with power are deluded …show more content…
Miller was able to relay these traits through John Procter who first and foremost is a representation of Millers personal ideology and embodiment of his aspirations. Through the use of exclamation, “In her life, sir she have never lied … my wife cannot lie!” we see that Proctors imperfections make him a relatable representation to his audience. His courage to not name his wife Elizabeth ironically demonstrates his goodness as by not naming names in essence equates to her not being guilty. This is representative of Millers political values of the law and 1950’s American Judicial system, as Miller too was fearful of being identified as convert Communist if he should protest strong enough. However in Ozymandias, Shelly’s ridicule of the controlling Egyptian ruler ‘Ramesses III’ with the use of enjambment “a shattered visage lies, whose frown and wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command” was an indirect criticism of the English government under King George III. Shelly believed that by having an element of control and logic in society will essentially result in an unjust authority to be outlived. This is furthered by the alliteration “the lone and level sands stretch far away”, employing that the desert itself outlives the statue. Furthermore, Miller’s representation of Proctors logical control is additionally shown when he becomes …show more content…
Miller, through Judge Danforth was able to illustrate this individual corruption by his rigidity of purpose, one which we find difficult to sympathise with as he miss uses his power to punish the innocent, in order please the town’s majority. This Is clearly noted at the back end of Act III where he asks a series of short, sharp questions “you are a lecher”, “-do you deny it Mr Parris”, -you deny every scrap and title of this”, in hope the truth will come out. This is significant because he’s combining this illicit fear of the supernatural and political manipulation in order to get a well-regarded individual in John Proctor to confess to witchcraft. With him dealing with political absolutes “witchcraft is an invisible crime … who may possibly be witness to it?” leads to countless flawed and irrational judgements. Similarly in Millers context, he was able challenge 1950’s American humanity, by revealing the corruptness of HUAC members like Senator Joseph McCarthy. Adding on to this, Shelly composes a sense of historical irony as during his lifetime, Ozymandias was a feared and respected leader, showcased through the religious allusion, “My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings”. However he has become nothing more than a faint memory, a broken statue in the desert “Nothing beside remains. Round the Decay”. As a Romantic poet, Shelley emphasized the incredible
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Proctor’s actions have taught us to put others before us. Through John Proctor's developments from a confused man to a conscience stricken man and ending in a town role model, Arthur Miller illustrates the ability of overcoming one’s past mistakes. John Proctor overcame his past challenges but he was a
Arthur Miller attempts to convey his message through the characters of his story, especially through one of the play's main characters, John Proctor. The main issues raised by the play are the role of the individual within society, the value of one's name and perceptions of justice and truth. During, a certain scene which was when John Proctor was brought to the courthouse to discuss if he was about to be freed from jail, the only problem was that they wanted him to admit that he was working with the devil, and tell who else was taking part in witchcraft. The dilemma during this scene was that John Proctor didn’t want to write a written confession because he kept thinking of his reputation that was on the line. He believed that if he told them that he was apart of the witchcraft and didn’t sign the paper as a written confession then he would be fine, however, that wasn’t the case and they required him to give a written confession.
Proctor’s Opposition to His Society In the book, The Crucible, Arthur Miller introduces us to John Proctor. Proctor is married and simple, yet he's argumentative toward his town for the persecution of “witches.” Proctor faces conflict throughout the town, his morals are challenged and his view on ethical implication are changing.
Oh the irony.... Arthur Miller portrays the irony of the puritan society through Elizabeth Proctor. Through the way she carries herself, by what others say and how she reacts in certain situations. Arthur Miller reveals irony throughout the story by the judging of others. Miller shows this through the character Goody Proctor when she states, “I can not judge you.
Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, which is an embellished and somewhat novelized story of the Salem witch trials of 1692, offers the audience a protagonist, John Proctor, who is defined by the struggles that worry him. Where a strict theocracy rules Salem, the bible is the law, and all who do not follow the rules entirely are serving the devil, John Proctor portrays the classic tragic hero, where his moral errors and sacrifice for his morals becomes the cause of his untimely death. At the cost of his principles, he underwent a major survey of his character, which leads him to understand that the only way to redeem himself for his moral sins was to sacrifice his life. Proctor’s principal value is his sense of personal integrity, and this places him into a direct, and ultimately dreadful confrontation with the court set up to test the accusations of witchcraft.
As a coherent set of views manifested through interpersonal interaction, political ideologies become a significant aspect of the human experience which is susceptible to manipulation and interpretation. The ramifications of political and moral issues of Arthur Miller’s milieu are encapsulated in his1953 play The Crucible, an allegory of the Salem witchcraft trials influenced by his personal context of the McCarthy Era. The political representation in The Crucible aligns with Shirley Jackson’s 1948 short story The Lottery, a powerful allegory of barbarism and social sacrifice. Both texts exhibit the behavioural patterns of individuals as a result of traditional, religious and patriotic values. Therefore, the composer’s political motivation is purposefully addressed through representation and it’s medium of production.
Composers utilise political and personal motives to assist in the formation of texts. Arthur Miller’s The Crucible (1953) utilises drama as an allegorical representation of the unjust corruption of the McCarthy Era. George Orwell’s Animal Farm (1945) draws an allegorical rejection towards the corruption of the Russian revolution. Both texts convey how the devious or contriving nature of politics ultimately causes people to manipulate or create situations for their own gain and personal agendas. Miller, through The Crucible, displays how composers manipulate their audience to favour their representation.
Matthew Raeter LA ll Honors Mr. Novak December 5 2022 The power of Reputation Throughout the historical fiction story “The Crucible” we see Arthur Miller uses difference in ideas Mr. Proctor’s world crumble, from the outside while he can do no more than just watch. Nearly everything we see Proctor cares for gets hurt or damaged in some way, First his wife begins to distrust him and hate him because of an affair he had with Abigail Williams. In The Crucible Proctor deals with the guilt of the affair he had with Abigail and how this sparks Abigail's control of Salem through her Manipulation and her given power of the people by them because of their misguided trust.
Political figures develop their motivations equivocally through events, personalities and situations, to achieve their own personal and societal goals of authority. In the 1955 prescribed text, “The Crucible,” playwright Arthur Miller establishes the political motivations of characters through dramatised staging features. Similarly, in the 1964 related text, “The Times They are A-Changin’,” artist Bob Dylan insights authoritative ambitions in his audience through musical and poetic devices. The shared ideas of the modernist era such as the significance of religion and political hegemony are investigated by both composers in their respective texts. Due to the elegant composure of these texts, the responder completely comprehends the motivations of the characters represented.
The corruption of John Proctor is created through his characterization as a tragic hero. Fusco defines corruption as deceit and fraud (Fusco xiii). Proctor not only deceives others of his crime by not telling them of it, he deceives himself by being in denial as he demonstrates when he tells Abigail that they never “touched” (Miller 1). By Proctor being deceitful, Miller displays how corruption has infected him, despite his honest nature. This inner corruption is prompted by fear blinding him from proper judgement.
Arthur Miller conveys his beliefs about false accusation through the words of John Proctor and the dilemma he faces through this situation. This play portrays what Arthur Miller thinks in the time period of the 1950’s. Throughout the story John Proctor faces false accusations that are not only accusing him but accusing others as well of things that they have not done. This angers John Proctor because he wants the truth to be spoken.
Movements of righteous intent, such as the Salem witch trials and The Reign of Terror, typically end with innocent lives lost in vain in the drive to seek the truth. The play “The Crucible” written by Arthur Miller speaks of The Salem Witch Trials by giving a story line for the reader to comprehend the actions and emotions linked with the trials. In “The Crucible”, The Salem Witch Trials took place in 1692 and were a set of executions that were made on innocent people accused of having satanic practices of witch craft by young girls led by Abigail in an effort of revenge and jealousy. The French Revolution Reign of Terror, also known as “The Terror”, from 1793-1794 were the act of about 17,000 executions by a guillotine after rumors spread
John Proctor is an integral character in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible; he serves as the play’s common man tragic hero, often adding bursts of clarity and reasonable thought to the incoherent chaos of constant accusations and cynical attacks in Salem. In Act II of Miller’s play, Proctor’s obstacles and flaws become more apparent than ever as his relationship with his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, is strained even further in the wake of Abigail’s controversial actions. In response to these events, among others, Proctor’s reputation, relationships, and overall character are completely altered as he adapts to his environment. Before describing the change that occurred during the second act, it is important to characterize Proctor before these events
The threat of Communism and the Red Scare put fear of group mentality into many people during the late 1940-50s. The authors of 1984 and The Crucible used their respective works to comment on the social injustice going on in their own lives, which connects to injustice the exists throughout time anywhere in the world. Miller wrote his play, set in 1692, about Puritans and the Salem witch trials because he believed that, similar to his trial for HUAC in the 1950s, the trials in Salem were caused by false accusations and mass hysteria led by powerful individuals. In 1984, Orwell creates a world in the near future that shows group mentality and its threat to conform society with the government.
This tragedy had to have something to do with his emotional and dramatic writing. This poem in particular came about because Shelley and his friend Horace Smith had a contest to see who could write the best poem about Egypt (Shmoop). The speaker describes a meeting with someone who has traveled to a place where ancient civilizations once existed. We know from the title that he’s talking about Egypt.