Child abuse is, thus, the outcome of having cultured or experienced dysfunctional childcare practices, or not having learned these practices. For instance, someone may have violent behavior because he or she has learned it from other aggressive role models, thus they will rely on such ways to discipline their own children as punishment. Though this is theory takes into accounts the importance of the development of an adult, it could not explain why although boys and girls are likely to be abused, still men are mostly represented among the offenders. It could not suffer any abuse become abuser (CORBY, 1993; 2000; BROUGHAM, 1997; BROWNE, 1995; DEACON AND GOCKE,
With this being said, all of the negative factors that make up the above mentioned methods of punishment, neglect to provide what the children really need from rehabilitation; treatment. Juveniles with alcohol and drug related offenses go untreated, mental health problems are ignored, and learning disabilities are overlooked. Rehabilitative options are becoming vaster within our communities. The reform has led many to developing new programs based off of research findings and pros and cons from the attempted rehabilitative methods mentioned above. The ideal was rehabilitating, but the methods were all wrong.
The voices of Indigenous children are unheard and purposely ignored. This is portrayed through the literature of Birdie by Tracey Lindberg and Indian Horse by Richard Wagamese. Despite receiving apologies from Prime Ministers Stephen Harper and Justin Trudeau, the government system to protect First Nations families appears to have detrimental effects on the native children. This is proven by young children turning to drugs in order to satisfy their growing pain, by family members who abuse their kids because of alcohol addictions, and the increasing discriminatory behaviour by surrounding communities. To begin with, young children are turning to drugs in order to satisfy their growing pain.
“Lower household income and educational attainment were associated with greater amounts of negativity in mothers’ interactions with their children” (Winer, Thompson, and Davis). Parents struggle with not being able to be there for their child through there hardest time. There is less nurture in the house which can lead to depression among the child. Children in poverty isolate themselves from students at school in have nobody to lean on but themselves. They are more likely to be bullied because of their grades.
It’s necessary to educate parents about best parenting practices as well as to inform them on how the law defines child abuse. Children need discipline and punishment in order to learn from their mistakes in which they have made, but too much punishment could lead to child abuse and inadequate parenting styles. The most effective parenting style would be the assertive style. This
Many have argued that teens should not be tried as adults because of having an immaturity to them and an underdeveloped brain in which influences the rational thinking of a teen. Although these arguments are very reasonable, to say that teens are not aware of their crimes, would only invalidate their statements. Juveniles are aware of their wrongdoings and they choose to commit foul play on innocent lives. These perpetrators had an intent to kill someone, they did so to feel satisfaction or to perhaps seek approval of someone. Furthermore, if teen killers are tried as adults, they should also be given the opportunity of liberation once they turn of age.
There is a significant difference between finding reasons and looking for excuses. The reasons why a child becomes a bully does not justify their misbehavior, but perhaps they will help us to understand it. On the part of the victim they do at their early age an insecure person, nervous, withdrawn, isolated, etc., many times the children no longer want to attend school for the same fear and in some extreme cases they arrive at the suicide. The damage lies primarily in their personal safety and low self-esteem to feel that their existence is worth little. This article pertains to my question regarding what is bullying because reading many articles I did not find a precise definition for
Department of State, 2012). As trafficked persons are brutalized and commodified, without support and care from their families or loved ones, without freedom, their dignity and security are usually in ruins. Many of them are found to suffer from trauma and the ones who want to relieve stress, anxiety and pain may turn out to be dependent on drugs or alcohol (O’Brien, Carpenter & Hayes, 2013). The harmful psychological impacts can be permanent throughout one’s life that is possibly ended by suicide. This is particularly true for the children being trafficked when they are still in the process of mental development.
Overlooked Mental Abuse Mental abuse is well overlooked versus physical abuse, and all abuse generates a negative outlook on one’s life. Mental abuse is a type of cruelty that affects one’s mind that leads to feeling worthless and powerless. It can also be identified as emotional abuse or psychological abuse. Once a person is mentally abused, it influences his or her everyday life making it where making decisions are difficult leading to death.
Psychology gives law enforcement such an advantage because it studies human behavior. FBI agents are able to garner understanding of a criminal’s personality by answering questions about the behavior displayed at four different crime scene phases; the antecedent, method and manner, body disposal, and post offense behavior. Studies advocate that serial murderers, based on their behavior and interaction with their victims, can be divided into categories: through sexual control, execution, mutilation, or plunder. Due to the helpfulness of psychology in criminal profiling, the FBI has begun working closely with psychologist going so far as to employ them. Time and effort is now being put into psychology it is deemed as a valuable asset for law enforcement, which is why the relationship between psychology and law enforcement has taken a stronghold.
Forensic social workers however, were just recently added to the team. Forensic psychiatrist are often associated with criminal courts, social workers with juvenile courts and psychologist with written forensic evaluations that include symptoms and capacities of people involved relevant to legal questions. In the case of UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. ROBERT N. HICKS, Defendant. No. 3:14-CR-85, the defendant was evaluated by Forensic Psychologist Jessica Micono.
Superintendent Elliott made some errors in this situation. A couple of the errors were responding to the parent complaint without referring him to the proper level and failing to listen to the principal. The complaint that was made by the parent is something that should have been handled by the building principal. Instead of trying to take care of the situation himself the superintendent he should have led the parent to the correct building level channel first to come to allow them the chance to come to a solution. The building principal should have been able to build a stronger school community relation with this parent by being honest and handling his mistake.
The article reviewed the issues that occur in a child’s life in regard to their education when their parents are incarcerated. Vacca points out that the children of parents that are incarcerated often “experience emotional withdrawal, failure in school, delinquency, and the risk of intergenerational incarceration” (49). He also suggests that many people in our society do not realize that these children “…often they lack any positive intervention from homes and community agencies” which allows them to fall through the cracks (Vacca
The parents also tested positive to illicit substance use. Both Lindy and Ben clearly abused their daughters by ignoring their needs, putting them in an unsupervised and dangerous situation. This questions their parenting capacity. According to Bromfield, Lamont, Parker and Horsfall (2010), child abuse and neglect are most likely to arise from the interaction of risk factors including alcohol and illicit substance abuse. It is also evident that the cumulative effects of exposure to risks results in negative child outcomes and maltreatment (Begle Dumas & Hansom, 2010; Mackenzie, Kotch & Lee,
In his upbringing, T.J. saw signs of domestic violence and drug use, that could have caused T.J. as a child to have potentially blamed himself, felt anxious, and even slight confusion to what was happening between his mother and father. Not only that but T.J. was removed from his home and later placed with his grandparents. As T.J. grew older, he had many friends in middle school but as the years progressed, he became more of an outcast and had no one. Essentially, this effected T.J. school dynamics because he was teased by his fellow classmates, which changed the culture, rules and roles of others (Burgess, Regehr, & Roberts, 2013).