The criticisms of the supermax prisons are: Deprivation of medical facilities to the inmates as well as the criteria for an accused to inflict which strongly violates the inmates' personal lives. The inmates tend to suffer from mental imbalances as they are being locked away in isolation. According to John (2013), "Solitary confinement as it currently exists in modern supermax prisons is a practice with some serious flaws" (para. 1). Many prisoners that suffer from mental illness are sent to supermax prisons. Therefore, in order to control their insane conduct, they are placed in dark cells, which further deteriorate their mental health conditions.
With supermax prison, many feel that they need in order to help with prison overcrowding and maintaining control over inmates that are a threat to the security as well as staff and other inmates. “The Federal Bureau of Prisons returned to the idea of controlling the most violent and disruptive inmates in indefinite solitary confinement when it opened Alcatraz in 1934”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). Over the years it was “judged as an expensive failure, it symbolized a penal philosophy that was outdated in an era that espoused rehabilitation, not punishment, as a goal of incarceration”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). Following these issues, it was later closed. Although some felt that these behaviors came from the long-term segregation some argued
Mental illness has wide-coming to impacts on individuals ' training, vocation, physical health and relationships. Albeit numerous powerful mental health intercessions are accessible, individuals regularly don 't search out the consideration they require. From an open point of view, stereotypes delineating individuals with mental illness as being perilous, capricious, in charge of their illness, or for the most part inept can prompt active separation, for example, barring individuals with these conditions from occupation and social or instructive open doors. In medicinal settings, negative stereotypes can make suppliers more averse to concentrate on the patient as opposed to the disease, underwrite recovery as a result of consideration, or elude patients to required interviews and subsequent administrations. A great many people who experience mental health issues recoup completely, or have the capacity to live with and oversee them, particularly on the off chance that they get help right off the bat.
The number of mentally ill prisoners is consistently on the rise. In fact, a 1995 study found that there is a higher percentage of people with mental illnesses in prison than outside of prison (statcan.gc.ca). It's argued that the reason for there being so many mentally ill people in prison is that those who "cannot get mental health treatment in the community are swept into the criminal justice system after they commit a crime" (Abramsky and Fellner 1) and get caught up within a cycle of criminalization. It's obvious that the incarceration system doesn't do much to help criminals with mental illnesses. At most, they are detained in special prisons with mental health facilities, yet even these programs have been proven to be insufficient, unethical, and very corrupted; it isn't uncommon to hear of stories where patients are being mistreated, secluded for extended periods of time without proper care, and removed of their basic human rights.
To begin, public hospitals were understaffed and patients were often left without any kind of treatment. According to blogs.cofc.edu, conditions were also deteriorating due to a lack of funding during the Great Depression. This is important because it could explain why Lennie is not getting any actual treatment in the story. People who had a mental disability were also usually
Prisons are full of people who have done unethical things learning how to become ethical. It is absolutely crucial that correctional officers make the right ethical decisions when working with criminals. Correctional officers are in charge of prisoners and could often abuse their power of authority. Within women’s correctional facilities many officers could have sexual relationships with the inmates.
Khiaiya Jaggie In Dr. Ed Latessa speech on effective correctional intervention, What Works and What Doesn’t in Reducing Recidivism: Designing More Effective Reentry Programs, he synthesizes research to conclude an evidence based discussion about trends in the corrections system. He addresses what works and also addresses many different points of views such as how to reduce recidivism in the correct way and also how to not reduce recidivism in a correct way. Latessa admits that yes, some rehabilitation efforts to reduce recidivism can be effective but it is not a “one size fits all” deal.
In order to outlive the prison experience, inmates are constrained to endure great psychological changes. Noetic harm inflicted whilst imprisonment as well the challenges posed have only grown over the last several decades. These challenges include a much-discussed de-emphasis on rehabilitation as an objective of imprisonment along with rigorous policies and conditions of solitary confinement. Thus, creating prisons more troublesome places to adapt and sustain oneself. Adjustment to advanced imprisonment demands particular mental costs of incarcerated persons; few individuals are more vulnerable to the pains of imprisonment than others.
Have you ever saw a person talking to themselves or speaking to a person not physically present? Perhaps on a lesser scale, you have encountered someone who seems sad all the time or jumps from extreme happiness to extreme sadness, with anger in between. Currently we are in legislative session, which is a time when parliamentary and presidential systems come together for the purpose of discussing laws and appropriating funds. This time is crucial for anyone who receives mental health services, as it is when the distribution of funds is allocated for programs. Without appropriate funding the patients suffer in various forms to include abuse due to lack of funding for qualified staff, lack of research for treatment, and lack of programs to assist
Overcrowding in prisons is something that the U.S. struggles with. The increasing number of people being incarcerated is making the over-crowding problem more prevalent. Over-crowding in prisons has been a growing concern over the years. It creates many dismal effects on the conditions of the officers, the building its self, and the inmates. The U.S. currently incarcerates approximately 1 in 100 adults.
By restricting their daily schedule prisoners cannot restore their discipline in maintaining strong foundation to rebuild their mind or help them avoid psychology. Without these proper resources inmates minds will collapse to the point of insanity making the 8th amendment come into effect. To truly uphold justice the prison system main goal must be to focus on rehabilitation for all those in Supermax prisons and especially for those who suffer from mental illness. To be locked away for long durations of time or even life can severely create discord in the system. It is truly mayhem when individuals no longer control their own fates but must listen to the precise system that believes structure is the key to reforming someone, despite their freedom
Burnout and vicarious trauma are two hazards to be aware of in the counseling profession. Due to heavy workloads counselors can develop burnout due to heavy workloads and not taking adequate care of their own needs. After reading about vicarious trauma, which "refers to the cumulative effect of working with traumatized clients interference with the therapist 's feelings cognitive schemas, memories, self-esteem, and/or sense of safety" (Hernandez, Engstrom & Gangsei, 2010). I definitely understand that as a future counselor it is imperative for me to abstain from experiencing compassion fatigue, or secondary victimization. Furthermore, although I am not a counselor yet, I am a teacher that truly cares about her students who carry heavy burdens
Grief is a complicated literature to describe as it is a powerful and personal human response, typically after losing a loved one. Grief is universal, every individual copes with grief in their own ways. The problem of this literature is that it has not been studied in depth and this complicated topic can become difficult to analyze due to misinterpretation of feelings and emotions, which is clearly foreseeable in the articles reported. Grief is a natural human reaction, however the outcome grief has on an individual is powerful and often dangerous to one’s own life. PubMed Health describes grief reactions into three terms; anticipatory grief, common grief, and complicated/prolonged grief.
I believe working in the human service field can be challenging at times. I know in my line of work as a probation officer I will encounter so many challenges and I might not be able to fix every problem. A human service professional can be defined as someone with a passion for human needs. The challenge I will encounter as a HSP would be finding free treatment for clients with substance abuse problems. Everyday clients on DWI probation are being assist for substance abuse treatment, but don’t have the proper funds to pay for the treatment.
Another issue that the American prison systems were facing was their constant practice of locking away mentally ill individuals to very long prison sentences that only seriously worsened their conditions, and even made their chances of overcoming mental illness, nearly impossible. Even medications that were prescribed to these individuals made them suffer serious and sometimes even worse, side effects. Although some states banned the high rates of mentally ill individuals to prisons, this only meant they were more targeted and thrown in jail for petty offenses by police. Many prisons do not have the resources, nor the skills needed to adequately and appropriately care for the mentally ill, therefore many of them suffer and even die from this