The regions within and beyond Syria were among the targets of Christian invaders. The Jihad fought hard against the crusades to preserve their land and possessions. The Muslims were sluggish and reluctant in getting into battle against the Christian Invaders. This explains why they were affected more as evidenced by the number of their people that were slaughtered by the Christian Invaders. The advantages of crusades included: advancement of education, development of technology, spreading of religion, decreased prices, increase of trade, and introduction of new writings art and literature.
“Were the Crusades successful in achieving their aim of reclaiming Jerusalem and maintaining the Christian presence in the Middle East (Anatolia) and the Crusader States, and how are the Crusades relevant/similar to recent events taking place in the Middle East such as America’s war on Terror and Jihadism.” The Crusades were a series of holy wars declared by the officials of the Catholic Church on the Muslim expansion and Seljuk Turks who had taken over the holy lands. Crusaders were sent off to Israel to reclaim these lands and strengthen the Christian presence in Anatolia however they were not successful in maintaining their holds and crusades following the first crusades can be considered failures. The First crusade was declared by Pope
In the 1st century, Christianity spread throughout Rome causing differing views on the religion. At first Christianity was disapproved of by the upper class, then in later years it was embraced. The spread of Christianity throughout Rome eventually caused Rome to split and lead to the fall of the Roman empire. Christianity challenged the government, believing in a higher power then the Emperor. With this mindset, the government feared for it’s future in Rome and it was disapproved of, much like the Tang Emperor Wu in document 6, who stated that it will cause disorder in society.
While I agree with certain aspects of both theories, I have to dispute both outlooks on the ultimate power of God. John Hick believes that there is no way you can deny the existence of evil, but he believes all evil exists because the all powerful God allows it to. How could a God who is all good allow evil to be present, you ask? Hick’s answer to your question would be; In order to draw us closer to him(GOD). If there were no sorrows, pains, or woes, mankind would not see the need for God’s forgiveness and love.
Our character must go through positive if not radical change, as we recognize our weaknesses bringing them to the Holy Spirit to be dealt with; casting down imaginations and every high thing that work against the knowledge of God and bringing them into subjection to the obedience of Christ. God emphasized His disdain for complacency when He declared that being neither hot nor cold was disgusting and He would spew the lukewarm thing out of His mouth. Jude 3 instucts us to : “…contend for the faith…” God is a God of order and He expects us to be obedient in the strictest sense of the word. This is the reason why we should be in communication with God according to Francis Shaeffer on a moment by moment, not just a day to day thing, but on a moment by moment basis. The meaning of the word ‘contend’ in Strong’s Concordance 1864 Greek ĕpagönizŏmai to struggle for, earnestly contend for, 75, to compete for a prize, to struggle, endeavour to accomplish something, fight, labor fervently, strive, 73, fight race , a contest held.
During the early 700’s, Charles Martel took over in Latin Christendom, his Frankish kingdom of Christians. Martel’s kingdom was under threat of a rapidly spreading religion, Islam. This led to many battles between Christians and Muslims, but the most significant one was the Battle of Tours, 723 AD. Martel lead his army against the Muslims to attempt to stop them from progressing further into Europe, and he does. Without Christianity, this event would have never happened.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead. Body Paragraph #1: Reason #1 and Evidence Supporting Sentences: Using the structure: “Evidence, Elaborate, Explain, Examples” Cite from any 2 documents and explain why this evidence shows that the results
The infamous new Atheists have taken this form of argumentation and use it to argue for the merits of atheism over theism. This is a development that seems to be rooted in this new militant form of atheism, and goes something like this: If atheism is true, then I will have freedom and intellectual honesty, and it won’t matter if I’m not a Theist, because God doesn’t exist. If a good god does turn out to exist, he will forgive me. On the other hand if I’m a Christian, I must be sexually and morally constrained, and believe in a God I find to be morally abhorrent. The cost of being wrong is losing my whole life.
Redcrosse must shield the common domain of reprobates in addition to the profound domain of evilness. The rich characteristics of faithfulness, modesty, penance for the benefit of other people, and sensitivity for those less blessed are seen woven into the content and also the contrary results from covetousness and pride. He experiences a few scoundrels, the mythical serpent from hellfire, Archimago (underhanded alchemist), Sansfoy (without confidence), Sansloy (without the law of god), Duessa or Fidessa (misrepresentation and the Roman Church) to give some examples. These wrongdoers battle Redcrosse Knight through double dealing, desire, and untruth. Accordingly he should be equipped with confidence in Christ to conquer the disasters of the otherworldly domain.
The Puritan Dilemma In the earlier American years, there was the existences of a great deal of politically and religious turmoil in England. There was the desire of escaping and going to places where they are free to congregate by their philosophies in which they have faith. John Winthrop saw America as a country in which they could not have any interference from the government. Winthrop sees America as a paradise and a place for religious freedom. Winthrop believes that the church in England is corrupt and requires purification to become more pleasant to God.
This event rallied the Christians onto victory and laid to rest any latent desire of Christians to convert to Islam. At the same time, Allen assumes that the appearance of the Holy Lance caused an increase in the desire by Christian crusaders to convert the Muslim, rather than kill them. Peter the Hermit’s most interesting heroics occurred when he attempted to convert Kerbogha to Christianity. Kerbogha a great leader and fierce Muslim warrior refused the offer of conversion and the suggestion of resolving the conflict by using the battle of champions. Allen question Peter’s motives in asking Kerbogha to convert, however, it is Allen’s position that Peter was the type of man who would have ceased upon the appearance of the Holy Lance and then dedicated himself to the conversion of all people to Christianity.
Looking at a wider perspective, when the Christians had taken over Jerusalem from the Muslims, the Islamic leader was urging his people to retake what they believed was rightfully theirs. The quote “God has received nothing from us in the way of adoration” illustrates how the Muslims wanted to demonstrate religious devotion to their God. As time went on, losing the Holy Land would be too shameful for Christendom, so with the Pope’s blessing, dozen of thousands of men marched toward Jerusalem. It is visible that the Crusades were primarily caused by religious devotion. Popes had used the Crusades as a tool in order to achieve and fulfil religious, political and economic aspects.
He argued that Christians will be disturbing the peace and those who do are rebelling and are disobedient. If you become disobedient to the king, you are also disobeying God. Boucher argues that if God wanted them to have independence they would have had it, and they should be grateful and thankful with our without it. He says “Obedience to government is every man’s duty because it is ever man’s interest; but it is particularly incumbent on Christians, it is enjoined by the positive commands of God.” (#32; pg. 101) Boucher had many unpersuasive arguments.
However, at the end of the eleventh century, the balance of power began to shift. Western Europe emerged as a prominent power, although they were still not quite as strong as the Islamic empires in the Middle East. Alexius Comnenus also emerged as the new ruler of the decrepit Byzantine Empire. With the threat of complete annihilation by the Seljuk Turks growing even closer, Alexius decided to send out a cry of help to Pope Urban II, the leader of Western Christianity. At the Council of Clermont in November of 1095, Urban responded to this plea by calling on all Western Christians to aid the Byzantines and wrest control of the holy land from the Muslims.