Its spring 1865 and the Civil War is finally over- costing more than 600,000 lives, and a downfall economy for the South. Although economic reasons, slavery and state’s rights led the Civil War and had caused much damaged to the South, it still gave many African Americans slaves their freedom. But now what? What should the Nation do with the free slaves besides focusing on reuniting and reconstructing the South? Just because African Americans weren’t no longer slaves, does that mean they have the same social, politic and economic life as a white American?
Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of people based on their race, age, sex, national origin, and/or other characteristics. Discrimination has been a large issue in the United States of America ranging from skin color to gender to one 's ethnicity. Slavery is one of the ways discrimination in America began. Whites believed they were superior to blacks because of their skin color. In 1619 the first African slaves arrived in America and in 1865 slavery was abolished meaning that slavery took 246 years to end and even after it was abolished African Americans still faced racism.
Agustin Banuelos Hist 313 Prof. Diana Reed December 6, 2015 Word Count: African-Americans in the South (1910’s - 1920’s) America in the 1920’s was not as friendly and diverse as it is today. Many ethnic groups were discriminated against and hated by the general populace. A group that is a great example of just how much America has changed in its short span of two-hundred-and-thirty-nine years. It went from being a place where such people were murdered and lynched for being a different color, to a place where they can thrive and make a respectable living. In the year 1920 there were roughly 10.5 million African-Americans living in the United States of America, making up approximately ten percent of its total population.
Du Bois interviewed thousands of residents in Philadelphia about their living conditions, from this study he concluded that the things that the black people endured was an inequality based on their race. “The Souls of Black Folk” in 1803 is considered his greatest work, it focused on how racism effected the African American community. In this book he also talked about Book T. Washington, he believed that Washington didn’t fight for equality for all as the 14th amendment stated should happened. This led to formation of the Niagara Movement, a group of African American leaders and scholars that oppose Booker T. Washington conservative platform. Although the Niagara Movement didn’t last long it lead to the formation of the NACCP (National association for the Advancement of Colored
Ashley Miller HIST 202B Timothy Paynich 3/7/16 HUMAN Rights How much of history would change if African Americans never went through adversity? Between 1877 (End of Reconstruction) and the 1950’s (Beginning of the Civil Rights Movement) African Americans went through immense hardships. They had to fight numerous times in order to gain their rights and even be counted as “human”. During the Harlem Renaissance many African Americans arose and found ways to create and show what they were going through. A famous African American author and civil rights leader by the name of James Weldon Johnson “was deeply committed to exposing the injustice and brutality imposed on African Americans throughout the United States, especially in the Jim Crow South”
According to the History Channel, “1,000 black families had lost their homes when they were torched by rioters.” (Retrieved from the History Channel website : http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/chicago-race-riot-of-1919). All those home were owned by just black families. The riots left the black people in depression. The riots was showing our country how uncaring we are for one another and that our skin color matters more than what we actually are in the inside. The riots was separating our society by groups and skin color.
For instance, one important social change that took place was the change of life for African Americans. In 1776, African Americans were enslaved workers with no rights who worked long and hard often on a plantation. They were harshly punished and in numerous cases they were sold and separated from their family. Many whites didn’t considered enslaved African Americans citizens but rather “possessions”. However, by 1870, African Americans gained citizenship and the right to vote.
Black activism rose greatly during the Reconstruction. Before the dreadful Civil war, African Americans could vote in only the higher Northern states, because of segregation Sadly, they had no office holders. Because of this, many blacks organized Equal Rights Leagues throughout the South, during the first two years of the Reconstruction. Regulating the lives of freed people, the Congress created “black codes”. Black activism grew a lot!
Americans, whether they like it or not, share their living spaces with individuals from a multitude of different backgrounds, such as Hispanics and Latinos and African Americans and so on and so forth. This living situation, however, has been set in place since before the 1960s, when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote his letter “Letter From a Birmingham Jail.” Back in the 1960s, a large number of white people did not want to and would not live within the same community as black American citizens, and this racism towards the black population spanned further than just neighborhoods. Racism was rampant throughout the streets of America, and for the longest time, being an American meant living in a nation that was divided by color and, ultimately, status; those who were white were superior and those who were not were lower. America now, while integrated and preaching equality, still contains racism on mass levels, and to be an American now means having to face the reality that equality has still not been reached in society. Dr. King’s “Letter From a Birmingham Jail” goes in to detail about the injustice that existed on the streets of America in the 1960s, and it can still be used now to discuss the injustice on the streets today.
After the Civil War ended, there were financial issues in the country, all of which were blamed on the blacks that had recently been freed from slavery. It was speculated that people who were angry with blacks saw lynching as a way to relieve tension between the two groups of people. Because of the blatant aversion many people had towards black people, they were subject to many hate crimes. With the levels of violence as high as they where, protection was necessary, and Anti-Lynching laws would have been