There was little theory of homosexuality prior to the 19th century; Sigmund Freud and Magnus Hirschfield being primary investigators into sexual behaviour. They were considerate to the idea of other sexual orientations than heterosexual, believing they occurred naturally; Freud did not consider homosexuality a crime or illness. Hirschfield found Berlin's Institute for Sexual Science, containing archives of materials on gay cultural history. This differentiated with what was happening in the UK at that time, such as with Oscar Wilde who was given a two year jail sentence for being convicted of being gay. However, the tolerance diminished with Hitler's Third Reich in 1933 when the Nazis destroyed Hirschfield's great library; losing a wealth of invaluable records.
Hilter said that homosexual’s were enemies of the state. Nazis believed that homosexuality was a sickness to be cured so they designed policies to “cure” homosexuals, but it was just humiliating. The Nazis used the “Pink List” to hunt down many homosexuals who were either hiding or they escaped. They knew homosexuals as unlikely to decrease the population of producing
There is discrimination in this world to this day, there is discriminations against “people who are gay”. This discrimination is just like the Holocaust, because the Germans didn’t like the jews. I believe the gay marriage should have been approved long before it was. People need to realize judging someone because they are gay is wrong, that person is obviously an idiot. It is not up to people to judge other people because they are gay.
Since Hitler wanted everyone to be like the “pure” or Aryan race he created the Nuremberg laws which are the strict laws that eventually led to the Holocaust. By Hitler creating these laws it deprived the Jews as being German citizens. In the World War II Timeline it states “the Nuremberg laws are passed in Germany, stripping Jews of their rights as German citizens.” They were no longer permitted to work in certain professions and were forbidden to marry anyone of the “pure” or Aryan race . In “The Holocaust” “Nazi ideology” it states “...banned Jews from many professions, and prevented Jews from marrying those they considered Aryan or “pure” Germans.” This law had a tremendous part leading to the Holocaust because it restricted the Jews from having rights and it led to Hitler telling them what they could and could not
Not all germans followed Hitler’s rule because they had different beliefs or different morals some hated hitler so much they set organizations to fight back. Although Hitler was the fuhrer of Germany Aryan communists tended not to change their believes and follow Hitler which led to an interesting relationship between them. Many of the political enemies of nazis were put into concentration camps along with jews. (USHMM) “Of the germans who opposed Hitler’s dictatorship, very few groups openly protested the nazi genocide against the jews.”(USHMM) “During a briefing on the military situation on the eastern front, the powerful bomb explodes, shattering the building … however, the weighty conference table used for military briefings shields hitler.”(USHMM)
French Resistance To say that the Holocaust only affected German Jews and no one outside the camps knew what was going on isn 't just an understatement, it 's a false inaccuracy. There were many Resistance groups, that didn’t like what the Germans were doing, therefore many people stared Resistance groups to help fight the Germans. One of the strongest people that fought Germany and worked so hard to get people away from this terrible person, was the French Resistance. The French Resistance was a group of French people that disagreed with Hitler. They played a huge role in disrupting German supplies as well as their communication within France.
This is why no one spoke up because of the fear that they would be charged with witchcraft and hang. Another example is, “Hitler gave the Gestapo complete control which meant individuals lost the right to privacy and officials could read people's mail, listen in on telephone conversations, and search private homes without a warrant.” (GCSE History). Since no one had any privacy they were scared to speak out things about Hitler in fear that they would be sent to death camp. Just like how in the crucible if they spoke out against the trails they would be charged with witchcraft and hung. Many people were killed in these two events and many of them were not guilty in any way.
Thus, the way that we as a society learn about a topic is through what individuals learn from school, the media, and generations from the past. For instance, The Imitation Game is a film that is placed in the World War II era, where in Britain being a homosexual was considered public indecency and for that reason Alan Turing remained to himself about his homosexuality. The fact that there was a law against gays in Britain shapes the way the rest of the citizens of the country would view gays
Adolf Hitler, “implemented these laws to ostracize, discriminate and expel Jews from German society” (3) Diverse culture was rejected. Physically, the people of Germany, mostly jews, were affected because of Hitler trying to make the population one master race. He believed aryans were this “master race” as he believed the grew to have good health strength and overall, good characteristics unlike Jews
Throughout World War II, Jewish people and minority groups were being slaughtered in many European regions subjugated by Adolf Hitler backed by the Nazi party. The tragedy of the genocide of the Jewish people is known as the Holocaust. During this period of affliction, individuals either actively or passively resisted the oppression. The people who were determined to actively resist chose to use violent actions to escape the shame and humiliation for not doing anything; though, the population that prefered to passively resist desired to stay alive by not using violent acts. In different texts including “The Diary of Anne Frank”, “Violins of Hope” and “Resistance During the Holocaust”, passive resistance is utilized by certain individuals
“A major priority of the Nazi Party was to eliminate racially inferior groups in Germany and across Europe. Discuss how and why they did this” The Nazi part prosecuted many racial and social groups during their reign from 1933-1945. The Nazi party followed their beliefs that there was a superior race called the Aryan race and used Charles Darwin’s theory of Social Darwinism to prosecute these groups. In this essay I will discuss the prosecution of the Jewish people, the homosexuals and the gypsies (Roma) and how and why they did this. The persecution of the Jewish people began when the Nazi Party blamed them for spreading defeatism nearing the end of WW1.
Before Stonewall and the article of Chauncey are related because both share the same topic that is the homosexuality. Both explain the unleashing of the struggle for the rights of the homosexual minority of that time. This minority struggled to change the international perceptibility, to change the system and to get society to accept them because they were oppressed hiding their sexual preference. For example, they had different codes to hide their sexual preferences when they were in front of other people and they questioned from the inside because they were
It is also important to recognize that queer people were among those actively persecuted during the Nazi era. The giving and receiving of rights is a significant historical event for any group of people, and is particularly notable for queer studies when many countries in the world enforce the death penalty for same-sex relationships. The fight for equality is far from over, but the repeal of the Paragraph 175 brought attention to the idea that same-sex relationships are not a criminal
Propaganda was also in forms of cartoons . Cartons were in newspapers that nazi had control over. In the cartoons it told nothing but lies about jews and that they do not belong in the german society because they they were subhuman to the nazis. Propaganda was not just mainly about jews but it was for Siniti and Gypsies , political dissidents, and gays. They believed that this would be harmful to the health of the society.Although Nazi germany was heaven to germans, it was a living hell to others , such as the untermensch, the jews, African people, basically anyone who was not a German.
Gay Rights Movement Gay Rights Movement has impacted human sexuality because homosexuality has been abhorred and people have been ostracized because of it in the olden times. It has been reviled and seen as an evil practice and many homosexuals have been treated like less than humans. They have been subjected to violence more than the heterosexuals. The first known gay rights movement, “Society for Human Rights” was founded in Chicago 1924 by homosexual rights activist Henry Gerber. In 1951, the Mattachine Society was the first national gay rights organization was formed by Harry Hay who was considered by many as the founder of the gay rights movement.