One of the first stances Thoreau uses the term nature is seen in the first main idea of the letter. Thoreau argues that nature is instrumentally important to writers and scholars because one’s natural environment inspires intellectual ideas. The transcendentalist specifically said, “Ever the winds blow; ever the grass grows. Every day, men and women, conversing, beholding and beholden. The scholar must needs
The book starts with Chicago's humble beginnings and follows the great technological innovations that transformed the entire west into Chicago’s hinterland. Cronon starts by explaining the importance of water transport to the city which was subsequently usurped by rail transport. Transportation continues to be one of the most important factors of the book and is continuously referenced as Cronon writes about Chicago's growth. It played such an important role in the book because it allowed Chicago to send and receive commodities. Nature's Metropolis is organised around commodity flows and understanding how humans actions result in environmental change.
Edward Bellamy’s book, Looking Backward, shows the optimism of the late 19th century modern America through numerous contextual examples that follow the “modernity” philosophical view. One of the core concepts of modernity is power over nature as evidenced by the industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries. In Bellamy’s book, this power over nature idea is expanded upon when Julian finds himself walking through a “continuous waterproof covering” that encloses the sidewalk to create a “well lighted and perfectly dry corridor” (Bellamy 53). Julian further mentions how “in the stormy weather the streets of the Boston of my day had been impassable” (Bellamy 53). This shows a particularly optimistic view as Edith states it would be “extraordinary
Wild Law was a term first construed by author Cormac Cullinan to refer to human laws that consist of Earth’s jurisprudence. Politics, legal theory, physics, and ancient wisdom are foretold in Cullinan’s book Wild Law to inform and recognize a movement of nature’s rights just as human rights impacted the twenty first century. Cormac Cullinan illustrates our ability to transform our systematically industrialize society to enable our rediscovery of human’s practical role in the Earth’s system. Humanities survival depends on Earth’s health and our transformation of governance systems so that humans are reunited with the ecological matrix which includes biological perseverance and diversity. Instead of dominating nature our actions must be consistent
Specifically, the mentions of the changing of the garden from flourished with shrubs and tress to overturned with abandonment. These images of decay perfectly represent the attempt to replicate an English garden on the soil of New England. Readers see Hawthorne’s use of personification throughout his descriptions of nature by bringing lifelike qualities and appearances to their
This being said, Theodore Roosevelt made conservation an American responsibility and value; the preservation of land and natural resources is now an imperative part of national and ecological welfare. By passing legislation and integrating agencies into the government dedicated to conservation with purpose, Roosevelt made environmental protection a permanent American duty. The Man on Horseback recognized that 20th century factories boomed as a result of the Industrial Revolution, commenting that the U.S. had “become great because of the lavish use of [...] resources. But the time [had] come to inquire seriously what will happen when [...] forests are gone” ("Theodore Roosevelt and Conservation").
It is known that at each stage of literature is inserted a cargo of historical context that influences directly, and it would be no different in Machado 's tale of Assisi. Despite being created with fictitious character, the author alludes to the historical moment of the nineteenth century, in which the Industrial Revolution and French contributed to scientific advancement that was in evidence on the European continent. The protagonist of the story - Simon Blunderbuss - takes to learn the European knowledge, and brings to Brazil in order to deepen and be based in the city of Itaguai source of new research and devising new theories, creating the "Orates House" - called for the people of the region "Green House" - as supportive of this process. It is in this part of the tale that is evident the power of current positivist thought.
The research method that Dwight Conquergood used is that of ethnographic fieldwork, which is one of the early qualitative research methodologies, involving the combination of fieldwork and observation, which seeks to understand the cultural phenomena that reflect the knowledge and system of meanings guiding the life of a cultural group (Boundless.com). This type of research method, allowed the author to immerse himself in a long-term participation in the day to day life in Chicago’s Albany Park and the Latin Kings Nation that operated within Albany Park. He wanted to have the firsthand experience for himself, in so much that he chose to live in the so-called “Big Red” housing area, which as he described as the microcosm of the community. In
When William Cronon, a renowned environmental historian, penned Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England, he wanted to bring awareness to the ecological effects of the European’s arrival to New England. Many history books focus exclusively on the people, towns, governments, religions, and so on in pre-Colonial New England; however, the thesis of Cronon’s book, which was originally published in 1983, was to show that we can analyze what changes happened to the plants and animals of New England as the settlers gained power and supremacy over the area once occupied by none other than the Native Americans. As stated in the beginning of the book, “the shift from Indian to European dominance in New England entailed important changes—well known to historians—in the ways these
Introduction As the world’s population continues to migrate and live in urban areas, planners, engineers, and politicians have an important role to ensure that they are livable and sustainable. But what defines an urban area and what makes it so attractive? In my opinion, urban areas are places that consist of a variety of land uses and buildings, where services and amenities are easily accessible to the general public, and includes an established multimodal transportation network. Also, it should be a place where people can play, learn, work, and grow in a safe and collaborative manner.