enjoyment. Play can also be considered a rehearsal for acting-out real life events – such can be seen when children play house or school (Parsons, 2011).
Also, play is so important and essential that it is included in the United Nation Convention of the Rights of the Child as stated in Article 31 (Leisure, Play and Culture): Children have the right to relax and play and to join in a wide range of cultural, artistic and other recreational activities (www.unicef.org).
According to Bergen &Fromberg (2006), play is important to the optimum development of children. Unfortunately, though there is abundant research evidence showing that play supports young children’s social, emotional, physical and cognitive development, it has often ignored or addressed …show more content…
However, the differences between the two were the focused of the report. Bergen &Fromberg (2006) focused on importance of play and social interaction in middle childhood. American Academy of Pediatrics (2007) on the other hand, focused on importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds.
A research on the power of play was conducted by Dr. White (2012). The study focuses on how children can benefit from play and imagination in early childhood. She presented in the study the various overlapping styles of play and the impact of play on the whole child. The result showed that in the short and long term, play benefits cognitive, social, emotional and physicaldevelopment.
Another research on Young Children and Nature: Outdoor Play and Development, Experiences Fostering Environmental Consciousness, And the Implications on Playground Design was conducted by Parsons (2011). The study aimed to understand the effects of children’s experiences in outdoor play. The result showed that children learn through experience. They learn by seeing, smelling, tasting and touching. Thus, it is important to recognize the nature experience and outdoor play of …show more content…
It is a natural tool for children to develop resiliency as they learn to cooperate, overcome challenges, and negotiate with others. However, children who live in poverty often face socioeconomic obstacles that impede their rights to have playtime, thus affecting their healthy social-emotional development. A study prepared by Dr. Goldstein (2003) states that nearly everything the growing child needs to learn is developed and practiced in play. The value of play was also discussed. It was stated that early play experiences set the stage for all subsequent development. He also pointed out that children who were deprived to play or who do not have opportunity to play were at increased risk for abnormal development and deviant behavior. The study prepared by Dr. Goldstein (2003) and the clinical report of the American Academy of Pediatrics (2012) supports each other in such a way that in Goldstein’s study it stated that play deprivation may lead to abnormal development and deviant behavior while in the clinical report of the AAP it states that children who live in poverty were given not enough opportunity to play thus affecting their healthy social-emotional
The key features of an effective play based learning environment are that children able to play uninterrupted for long periods of time and are able to choose from a range of resources and areas, letting them choose activities on their own accord. Children are able to develop a wide variety of skills by having lots of various resources to choose from. 2.5 Explain why both adult initiated and child initiated play and learning activities are important for children from birth to five years In an Early Years setting we allow children to participate in child initiated play. By allowing children to choose which resources they would like to play with let’s them explore their favourite type of activity, and have a sense of independence.
When arranging activities for play based learning within early years provision there can be barriers towards it from taking place. Before the week begins, planning is needed. When planned activities are prepared resources are needed too. Resources can become a barrier towards play. This is because the resources that were needed were not available to be used.
Even if you’re not involved in their play it offers a sense of reassurance to children. You can also support a play based approach to learning by encouraging children to play with things they may not have played with before e.g playing with the resource yourself alongside the child. If a child sees what you can do with the resource then they are more likely to eventually participate along side you, copying what you are doing. 4.3 Evaluate different materials and equipment to support play based learning opportunities for children in their early years
Understanding the world • The way in which children find out about nature and the world around them. • How children find out about their local communities. • The way in which children develop their confidence when using ICT equipment. Expressive arts and design • The development of children‘s creativity and imagination through art , dance and music . • How children use play to develop these skills Personal , social and emotion development
Also, play helps children to develop their physical, mental, social and emotionally. If children and young people have access to good play provision then it many benefits for them, these may be: • It will help to increase the children and young people’s awareness, self-esteem and self-respect. • It will give them opportunity to mix with other children whatever their background or ability are. •
Children are able to develop and practise motor skills and bodily movements through physical plays. During some cognitive games, such as board games and educational toys, children can improve their mental fitness and brain function. Play also provides opportunities for children to make friends, to negotiate with others, and to develop their communication skills. It helps extend language and improve children’s social ability. I believed that play is essential to children’s education that cannot be minimized and separated from learning.
In general, playing is the mutual popular activity among children because playing is fun and flexible, it can be personal, with the presence of others or with the social presence of others (De Kort & Ijsselsteijn, 2008). The researchers and experts believe that the power of play has an important psychological role in children’s development, as reinforced by Sutton-Smith (1993, p. 279) using “play as progress” and “play ethos” by Peter Smith (1988, p. 166) both cited in Pellegrini (1995). Goldstein (2012) stated that pretend play is one of the common types of interactive social play among 2- to 6-years-old children. He also mentioned that as children grow, the nature and function of pretend play will also change from simple imitation to more
It is important that children are able to receive holistic care while in a play environment, both inside and outside. Some of the principles which would apply to both indoor and outdoor play include a child centred practice, ensuring the child 's welfare and safety, promoting a child 's rights, and enabling a child to reach their full potential. It is important that we provide a child centred practice, as it promotes a child 's learning and development through play. By having a child centred approach, we should support the children giving them guidance, but to allow the opportunities for them to learn independently, instead of taking over an activity and showing them. It encourages us as practitioners, to encourage children to explore and to make their own
As children’s experiences and knowledge are often communicated through play, it becomes an important vehicle for them to know and accept themselves and others. One of the most common types of play therapy for children is child-based therapy, in which a therapist and a child work alone. This is often used if there is a concern about the parents or abuse in the family, but can also be done simply to make the child feel more comfortable. It can be used to treat behavioural problems, anxiety, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), autism, and the effects of abuse.
My play observation took place at Mill 180 Park in Easthampton, Massachusetts on February 17, 2018 between the hours of 12:15 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. This is an indoor urban hydroponic park where children can enjoy a variety of different games, food, and an open play area to interact with others. While I was at the park, I observed two school-aged Caucasians engaging in unstructured play. The children were siblings, with the boy being ten years old and his sister eight years old. When I first observed these children, they were not interacting with one another.
When children playing actively outdoors to explore new skills, abilities. He uses their entire body and also uses their all senses and children deals with many challenges on own behalf. • Wells & Evans (2003) argues that play effects the child’s life. The greater the amount of nature exposure, the greater the benefits. • Malone & Tranter (2003) Play in a miscellaneous games and outdoor activities to reduces or eliminates
I agree that play-based learning offers different opportunities for children to explore and create, they can also discover new things and communicate with peer during free-play time. Frobel said that “Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood, for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child's soul” (Froebel, 1887). He believed in the importance of play in a child’s learning as creative activity. Play provided the platforms for children’s physical, emotional, social and intellectual development which are essential elements in educating the “whole” children allowing them to use all imaginative powers and physical movements to discover their interests.