The data show that Africans fare worse than Asians, who in turn have lower educational attainment than Whites. For example, only one-third of Africans in the 20 to 22 year age group completed secondary school compared with 80 percent of Asians and 90 percent of Whites. Multivariate analysis found that both household wealth and population group had significant effect on the highest grade passed. Within population groups there are no large differences by sex in educational attainment. While African girls advance more quickly through primary than African boys, by age 20, attainment is virtually equal by sex.
And, in my essay I will discuss five reasons that support my statement and theses reason are: 1. Bilingual build a better brain and improve your educational skills. Students who study more than one language tend to be smarter than the students who study in one language. Because, they can think differently and out the box all that because the different skills which they again it from both languages. Furthermore, Dr. Joanne H. Urrutia, Director of the district 's Bilingual Education and World Languages Department reported that there are studies shown that bilingual students in general academically outperform and score higher on standardized college entrance exams than monolingual students.
In an experiment conducted by Jennifer Steele from the American University, Students assigned of the former are said to outperform their monolingual peers by 10 percent in reading comprehension. Steele also adds that it is not reading but also in subjects like math or science. She explains the improvement from “metalingustic awareness” or how learning more than one language increases awareness in how languages work overall. Another explanation comes from Gigi Luk from Harvard. From an experiment she conducted on 100 fourth grade students in Massachusetts, test results from a reading test differed from language experiences It was concluded that those whose native language was not English actually scored higher.
Rich has many credible sources with great facts and statistics to prove her argument. For instance, one of Rich’s sources is the survey done in 2006 by the Conference Board. It stated “ found that nearly 90 percent of employers rated “ reading comprehension” as “ very important” for workers with a Bachelor’s degrees” (Par 33). Another fact is from the Department of Education. “The Department of Education statistics also show that that those who score higher on reading tests tend to earn higher incomes” (Par 33).
They defined illiteracy as the inability to read irrespective of the level of schooling. A literate household has at least one individual who can read and the highest level of education was attributed to the member with the maximum education, whether they were the household head or not. Living in a literate household increased log earnings of illiterate women by log .05, which translates into a 65% increase and increased the log earnings of unmarried women by log 0.74, which translates to a doubled income. Participation of illiterate women in the labor force was however lower for women in literate households. Illiterate men living in literate household experience a 15% increase in earnings and the labor force participation of illiterate rural men is also higher while there is no change for illiterate urban
As pointed out in the article, “Culture-Fair Cognitive Ability Assessment: Informative Processing and Psychophysiological Approaches” more ethnic students are placed in special education programs and a very low number of ethnic students are placed in gifted programs. Caucasian American students usually score higher on standardized intelligence tests compared to both African American and Mexican American students which questions a bias in said testing. The article goes on to test this bias by
The fact that more of the older children were able to recall the episodic memories than the younger children suggests that episodic memory recollection abilities improve with age. Additionally, researchers were interested in whether there were any gender differences in memory recall within both age groups, and the results suggested that males reported having known the answer as opposed to simply guessed it more frequently than females. However, the female participants recalled episodic memories for 57% of the questions they answered correctly, whereas males only recalled episodes for 40% of the questions they answered correctly (Bemis et al,
Most of the time, these stereotypes are taught and explained to the children in the early stages of learning, since as mentioned above, gender identity is most likely detected after the child is two years old. For example, some stereotypes say that men tend to study math and science, while women tend to study arts and literature, because they believe men are smarter than women. So, in some societies, if a woman likes to study math and science, it is considered wrong and odd. Still, not all societies believe men are smarter, but they believe women are. However, the debate on which sex is smarter is never-ending.
Since 2014, the racial diversity in United States public schools has been at an all time high, with students of color outnumbering their white peers. Although minority populations enrolled in public schools has increased, resulting in the acceleration of graduation rates for historically disadvantaged groups like African-Americans and Latinos, school systems continue to fail to foster the academic success of Native Americans and properly encourage them to obtain their high school diplomas. The graduation rates of Native Americans exemplify this inadequacy of the school system, as graduation rates have been on a downward trend since 2008, according the Editorial Projects in Education Research Center (Maxwell). In the seven states with the highest
According to the research done by The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, Women are 11% more likely to be gifted or in higher classes then men are. Sexist is characterized by prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of gender. Women historically have been taught to be housewives, mothers, and to be quiet. While men are the breadwinners, inteligente ones, and the strong ones. Not til more recent times have these expectation changed letting women or men be anything they want to be.