There are three components that make up the criminal justice system – the police, courts, and correctional facilities – they all work together in order to protect individuals and their rights as a citizen of society to live without the fear of becoming the victim of a crime. Crime, simply put is when a person violates criminal law; the criminal justice system is society’s way of implementing social control. When all three components of the criminal justice work together, it functions almost perfectly.
In the criminal justice system, there are three major components. They are the police, the courts, and the corrections. Each one of the components has a role to play in the system. The police are in charge of arresting and investigating crimes. The courts are charged with the responsibility of punishing offenders while the corrections implement the court rulings. Out of the three the courts are the most harmful to the criminal justice systems. Once the police have done their investigations and arrested all offenders involved it will be up to the court to decide whether the person is guilty or not. This is where the problem comes in.
The Criminal Justice System is the system of law enforcement that is directly involved in apprehending, prosecuting, defending, sentencing and punishes those who is suspected or convicted of criminal offenses. The two main systems are the State and Federal: The state criminal justice system handle crime committed within their state boundaries while the Federal criminal justice system handles crimes committed on federal property or in several states; Federal crimes compared to state crimes are more severe and the jail times are longer. The Jury plays a central role in the justice system, in a trial the jury hears evidence, testimonies, and determines whether it satisfies the crime.
In the United States, both the Federal Government and the States have the authority to institute criminal proceedings. The Federal Government, as well as each State, have their own criminal system, their own court system, their own prosecutors, and their own police organizations. By virtue of both law and practice factors, the crimes that make the most frequently prosecuted are drug trafficking, organized crime, financial crime, fraud on a large scale, and crimes of particular federal interest and fraud against the United States. In addition, there are certain crimes which only the federal government can prosecute such as those related to tax issues, and crimes of espionage and treason. States bring criminal actions for delinquencies committed
Chidozie Arah Quiz 3 CJT The three main components of the criminal justice system are law enforcement, courts and corrections. The first component, law enforcement, are made up of three levels or sections: local, state, and federal law enforcement. The function of law enforcement today are to enforce laws, provide services, prevent crime, and to preserve peace in society and communities. Local law enforcement protect the lives and properties of citizens in the community, maintain order, catch those who break the law, and strive to prevent crimes, and testify at trials and hearings for crimes that happened mostly in the community. An example of a local police officer are county police.
U.S Criminal Justice System United States criminal justice system may not be termed as the worst in the world. It is equally not the best system due to a variety of uncoordinated and uncomplimentary efforts among the components of the system that include the corrections, the police force, and the court system. Each of these components has a varying degree of responsibilities in the criminal justice system, which need be executed concurrently. However, due to lack of coordination, the relationship between the elements is characterized by conflicts, friction, and poor communication (Peak, 2012). The police service is also intended to protect the public, but in most instances, the relationship between the force and the public is tarnished so
Criminal Law: It is mostly statutory and it covers specific wrongs that are considered social evils and threats to a community. The state not the victim are the prosecutors also known as a plaintiff. There are three categories for the offenses. There are misdemeanors, Petty offenses, and Felonies.
Origin and History of the Criminal Justice System The Criminal justice system is a system that was made to control crime and make punishments to whoever break a law or rule. The beginning of the criminal justice system of the United States goes all the way back when the United States still belonged to the Great Britain. Americans were under Great Britain laws and rules and most of the laws were unfair. After the Revolutionary War and the United States became independent and they needed to create their own types of system to run their country.
The criminal justice system is that subsystem of the national legal system which determines the circumstances in which and the procedure according to which individuals may be punished by the state for conduct that is defined as a crime. For the sake of convenience, a distinction is normally drawn between the substantive aspects of the criminal justice system and its procedural aspects. The study of criminal law generally focuses on substantive law; namely, the principles of law according to which criminal liability (guilt) is determined, whilst the law of criminal procedure, together with the law of evidence, focuses on the manner in which this is done, together with the way in which offenders and suspected offenders are to be treated by the
Let us break down what justice is; justice is behaviour that is just or fair. So the justice system is the system that enforces the law which involves apprehending the accused, prosecuting the accused, defending the accused, sentencing and punishing the guilty. The justice system makes sure that every citizen is heard for and is helped according to what has happened to them. The criminal justice system today When a person commits a crime there are different levels of punishment and decision making if a person has committed a minor crime like speeding, littering, shoplifting, prostitution, vandalism being drunk, possession of drugs etc.
A comparison between the Due process model and crime control model Within the criminal justice system, there are two competing models: the crime control model and the due process model. These two models were constructed by Robert Packer and each represents a particular school of thought. In managing crime, there is the individual i.e. the suspect and there is the society. The due process model is seen to focus on the suspect whereas the crime control model focuses on the society. This paper analyzes these two models and based on the rate of crime in the society, makes recommendations as to which is the best model in criminal justice.
The correctional system plays a vital role in the country. The system is made of several government agencies that are charged with the authorities of safeguarding the populace from dangerous individuals. Generally, this is accomplished through a number of methods, such as imprisonment and probation. In addition, the correctional system is designed to make society a safer place by keeping the criminals behind bars.
The two models of criminal justice are control model and due process model. The control model is a model focuses on the community as a whole this model is known to the most important of them all because it focuses on moving the process the case as quickly as possible to bring to a close. Packer resembles his control model as “ assembly line justice” (Bohm & Haley, 2014).
Law enforcement is a one of the major constituents in criminal justice system. Today there are many law enforcement agencies in the United States. The agencies range from local police departments to large federal agencies. Law Enforcement is made up of three agencies: local, state, and federal. Each agency is made of multiple departments.
In the textbook there are two models of justice being explained they are the crime control model and the due process model. The crime control model is where emphasis is being put on reducing crime that is going on by increasing the police and prosecutorial powers. The due process model puts emphasis on protecting the rights of the person. The supporters are concerned about the lawbreaking aspect of it. The supporters see the need to protect the public from predatory criminals.