In the short story “The Yellow Wallpaper”, author Charlotte Perkins Gilman uses many literary techniques to allow the reader to understand the universal truth that a woman’s class is seen as lower than that of a man’s, due to their sex. We see this truth throughout the literary work, when the main character who is a woman, is put in confinement and later becomesdistraught and mentally unstablebecause her husband and brother who are both Physicians diagnoses her as “nervously depressed”. Two techniques author Gilman uses is tone and diction to illustrate how the narrator, among most women in that time period is treated as below men in class, with little say in their own mental or physical issues. Gilman utilizes tone to illustrate the universal truth of gender being in hand with class status, effectively. In the literary work,the narrator’s tone shifts from hopeless in the beginning, to determine in the end. The narrator is certain she is really sick, and not just nervously depressed as diagnosed by her husband, but she is confined by her role as a wife and woman, and cannot convince her relatives and friends that something is actually wrong with her. In the story the narrator says, “”If a physician of high standing, and one’s own husband, assures friends and relatives that there is really nothing the …show more content…
Gilman incorporates the literary techniques of tone and diction to provide the reader with a clear understanding of how the narrator falls into the beliefs of society, while she is confined and oppressed by her husband’s diagnosis of her being “Nervously Depressed”. Gilman’s use of both techniques allows the work to come together as a whole, and demonstrates the idea that women are content with living in a world were men is seen as more intelligent, able-minded and higher in standard than woman,
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The short story “The Yellow Wallpaper,” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman proves that women were treated poorly before the 20th century, and that in their marriages they had no say, and were considered inferior to their husbands. This paper will analyze Gilman’s short story from the perspective of a depressed woman in the late 18th century to the early 19th century. Before the 20th century women were treated poorly, we can see this in Gilman’s text, “.... he does not believe I am sick! And what can one do?” (56)
The work is not yet complete, and is evident by looking at the domination of women throughout the centuries, specifically the 19th and 20th century, which was the height of the women’s rights movement. By analyzing two literary works from two different eras, “The Yellow Wallpaper” written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman in the late 19th century and “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers” written by Adrienne Rich in the mid-20th century, one can conclude that while there have been improvements to women’s rights, there is still discrimination prevalent. Although set in two different time periods, the main
The short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is written in a journal- entry like format that follows a woman and her descent into madness. The narrator, a woman whose name is not given, is staying with her husband and some more family in an older estate on the countryside in the hopes that it will help her illness, which is describe as “temporary nervous depression” (Gilman 473). In “The Yellow Wallpaper”, Gilman uses irony—with emphasis on the protagonist’s sarcasm—in order to convey the psychological isolation the woman in the story is facing through mental illness as well as her attitude towards the oppression of women during this time period. Irony is a common literary technique in which the meaning of a statement
As being a doctor he thinks that whatever he is doing to his wife is for her own good. It is clear that he has good intentions for his wife, but the writer is telling her readers that attitudes of the men toward women that were established in their minds by their society. Until the women’s movement the men didn’t even know that their behavior was considered cruel. John just wanted his wife to get out of the depression by locking her away, and if you look at the story at the end she did came out of her depression because she lost the touch of reality and in her mind she was trying to save another woman from the yellow wallpaper. She forgot her own depression because she went insane.
The Submissive and the Dominant Charlotte Perkins Gilman once said “This is the woman 's century, the first chance for the mother of the world to rise to her full place . . . and the world waits while she powders her nose” (Davis 179). Gilman came to be known as a notable feminist, but she was much more than a feminist; Gilman was an American author, social reformer and a lecturer (Davis 179). Gilman’s work “The Yellow Wallpaper” show her strong views on feminism and show traditional gender norms formed the traditional role that women played in the 19th century. Gilman wrote “The Yellow Wallpaper” which was a short story published in 1892 (“Charlotte Perkins Gilman” 110).
“The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a story about a woman who, shortly after giving birth to her son suffers from what is now called postpartum depression, is sent with the rest of her family and a maid to a summer home to help her recover. Here she is under a treatment widely known as the rest cure, that the author had personal experience with, requiring the woman to rest and become isolated. Documented in her journal we watch the unnamed narrator descend into madness, conveyed by her interaction with other characters, the symbolism presented, and sentence structure. This story is told in the first person perspective of a woman who is prescribed a rest cure for what her husband, John a physician, refers to as a “temporary nervous depression (The Yellow Wallpaper 376)” and is forced to stay in her room in an attempt to heal.
The Yellow Wallpaper: Postpartum Depression In Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story, “The Yellow Wallpaper” the character, who is unnamed, is a young, high and middle class woman in the 1890’s. She suffers from what we now call postpartum depression, when a woman, after giving birth, goes into depression. She is married to John, who is physician and can be very controlling over the narrator's actions and choices making it seem as if he is only protecting her in her eyes. John brings her, the baby, mary and jennie to their summer house for a vacation. The house is described as a haunted house.
The short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a story full of imaginative symbolism and descriptive settings. However, without the narrator’s unique point of view and how it affects her perception of her environment, the story would fail to inform the reader of the narrator’s emotional plummet. The gothic function of the short story is to allow the reader to be with the narrator as she gradually loses her sanity and the point of view of the narrator is key in ensuring the reader has an understanding of the narrator’s emotional and mental state throughout the story. It’s clear from the beginning of the story that the narrator’s point of view greatly differs from that of her husband’s and other family in her life.
Charlotte Gilman’s short story, ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’, (1899) is a text that describes how suppression of women and their confinement in domestic sphere leads to descend into insanity for escape. The story is written as diary entries of the protagonist, who is living with her husband in an old mansion for the summer. The protagonist, who remains unnamed, is suffering from post-partum depression after the birth of her child and is on ‘rest’ cure by her physician husband. In this paper, I will try to prove that ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ acts as a subversive text by portraying the protagonist’s “descent into madness” as a result of the suppression that women faced in Victorian period.
The story focuses on the main character who is a woman suffering from mental illness. It is very clear that the woman is ill when she states, “You see, he does not believe I am sick!” (677) speaking of her husband who is a doctor. So first she admits she is sick then later she states, “I am glad my case is not serious!”
Wimberly 1 Weston Wimberly K. Billo D.C. English 1302 22 March 2018 Literary Analysis of “The Yellow Wallpaper” In Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper,” a unique story about a woman, her husband and his sister is explained using a variety of purposeful literary devices. Of these rhetorical strategies, there lies repetition, juxtaposition, metaphor, specific moods and tones, personification, irony, theme, and polysyndeton.
The protagonist of The Yellow Wallpaper anthropomorphizes the floral elements of the yellow wallpaper, wherein wallpaper is typically a feminine floral decoration on wall interiors. These elements signify the scrutiny Victorian society makes of lives of its womenfolk, particularly of women who are creative and insubordinate to their spouses. The protagonist is one such woman; her writing denounces her imaginative character and the surreptitious persistence of her writing denounces her matrimonial and feminine disobedience which were considered radical in her contemporary society. Gilman expresses the suppression felt by women from societal scrutiny to be one of “strangling”, through the narrator, who in one instance describes the wallpaper pattern like so: “it strangles so; I think that is why it has so many heads… the pattern strangles them off and turns them upside down, and makes their eyes white!” Her anthropomorphizing of the pattern of the wallpaper adopts a grimmer facet when she writes that “when you follow the lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide.”
Through this story, Gilman speaks of the imprisonment and psychological struggles placed on women by society. In her mind, gender roles must be removed from the social order for women to ever be free. By using feminist criticism, readers can analyze stories like Frankenstein and “The Yellow Wallpaper” and many others, both old/forgotten and new, through symbols (the wallpaper) and get a better understanding of the characters on how the women attempt to overpower the men. Women have a tendency to value their lives while, at the same time, find themselves conflicted and driven to insanity by the men around them. Men have always been the dominate gender in the past but as the years go by, women learn to speak up for themselves; to do things in order to break free of their entrapment and live as free and independent
Throughout short fiction, Charlotte Gilman is most famously noted for her ability to create strong gothic themes in her writing. This is especially true in her 1890s story “The Yellow Wallpaper.” Overall, an important theme in Charlotte Gilman short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” is that when combined, isolation and oppression often lead to negative consequences such as insanity and mental instability. Gilman achieves this through her thorough use of symbolism and settings that helps to highlight and establish the overall theme.
Gender Inequality: A Woman’s Struggle in “The Yellow Wallpaper” In “The Yellow Wallpaper”, Charlotte Perkins Gilman captures the lives of women in a society based on societal expectations during the late nineteenth century. She focuses on the issue of gender inequality where women were often discriminated against and expected to fulfill the role of a perfect wife and mother. The narrator is based on on Gilman’s personal experience of suffering from her treatment for postpartum depression due to the social restrictions on women which represents a reflection on women's social status in society. The narrator, who remains anonymous, is depicted as a depressed and isolated prisoner who is oppressed under her husband’s control and struggles to break free.