By using “skinned alive,” he appeals to ethos and pathos by making the action seem morally wrong, thus invoking feelings of pity. Muir continues his mourning of the tree like an epitaph: “This grand tree is of course dead, a ghastly disfigured ruin, but it still stands erect and holds forth its majestic arms” (“Redwoods” par. 1). Once again, this serves the ethos and pathos by drawing stronger, human-like qualities out of the tree, elevating the audiences emotions. Muir does not only touch people’s passions and emotions; he reaches
Joseph Fontenrose, however, criticizes Steinbeck’s message as contradictory and convoluted, with no clear relationship between good and evil. In the novel East of Eden, contrary to Fontenrose’s criticism, Steinbeck portrays the relationship between good and evil as an inherent part of the human condition, shown through his characters as they struggle with their choices and ultimate path, providing an understanding of humanity within the biblical struggle generation after generation must face. Steinbeck delineates good and evil as attributes present in everyone, existing from birth, and asserts that both are resolute and immutable in their existence. “Humans are caught… in a net of good and evil,” (Steinbeck 413). From the moment Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit, humans were doomed to have both good and evil inside of them, without any ability to truly overcome the evil.
Martin Luther lists the Ten Commandments, top among them the commandment against idolatry. Idolatry, according to the book, means having a wrong and false trust which translates to not serving the right God. I find Luther’s interpretation of idolatry insightful, particularly his analysis of the first commandment as demanding sole trust in God without ever seeking any other god. Luther further adds that idolatry goes beyond erecting and worshiping images to trusting, seeking, and pursuance of help and consolation from sources other than God. This interpretation widens the scope of idolatry beyond the common perspective of the practice, an interpretation I find enlightening and which introduces a new dimension to the understanding of the practice of idolatry.
He knows that the acceptance of submission broke the structure of man and that his society is wrong to let the rights of man collapse under such a worship. Therefore, Equality sacrifices himself for the power of individuality. He takes the struggles of the martyr and rebels against the evil of the word “we”. Equality is correct to morally judge his society by pronouncing his denouncement of them in moral terms for they took away man’s freedom, shamed their people for their differences, and censored man’s power of
In the Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer utilizes the immoral character of the Pardoner to tell the utmost moral tale through satirical devices, presenting the true greed and hypocrisy that runs throughout the Church, regardless of it attempt to cover it. Chaucer introduces the hypocrisy within the Church through the characterization of the Pardoner, as he is explained to be a man with, “flattery and equal japes./He made the parson and the rest his apes” (“General Prologue” 607-608). “Japes” are tricks, alluding to the Pardoner’s relics, as they are fake; yet, the Pardoner still sells these relics to the Church members as genuine treasures. This creates dramatic irony, because the character of the Church body is unaware of the situation bestowed
Contrasting Moliere 's "Tartuffe" and Voltaire 's "Candide" , each author took a different approach in expressing their true opinions of institutional religion. In "Tartuffe", the main idea of the poem comes from hypocrisy of moderation and religion. In the beginning, we find Madame Pernelle criticizing Orgon 's family and fellow associates about their way of thinking and living. She talks about how they are not living as Tartuffe is and how they are fools to do other wise. In reality, Tartuffe is an ungodly hypocrite who uses his priest identity to mask his crimes and true identity.
When comparing Machiavelli and Rousseau’s presentation on human nature, one can see that Machiavelli’s idea of human nature was completely opposite compared to Rousseau’s idea of human nature. Machiavelli was a realist, and had a rather negative view on human nature. He assumed that men by nature are evil, and are driven by their own selfish wants and needs. In a society where they are free, everything becomes unorganized and confusing. In Machiavelli’s, The Prince, he states that, “Men never do good except out of necessity, but when they have the freedom to choose and can do as they please, everything becomes confused and disorderly (182).” Thus Machiavelli believed that the best form of society was one where the Prince ruled his kingdom
There are fundamental questions that are posed in everyone’s life. The most asked, as well as the most daunting one is perhaps what happens when we die, and what is heaven like? Billy Collins in his poem “Question About Angels”, attempts to pose and answer such questions. As the poem is a statement on the outlook of how religion in interpreted, and how angels are perceived through the use of repetition, symbolism, and irony. Billy Collins attempts to show the reader a sense of mystery and unfamiliarity that leads to chaos when he is trying to describe how angels are perceived.
John Milton’s Paradis Lost is an extravagant poem enlisting the elegance of man’s first act of disobedience towards God. Thus, referencing upon the consequences that result from it. Though Milton’s predicament is seemingly hopeless, he manages to endure. Posing as a puissant figure, standing amongst God’s army of fellow angels, “As when though stood 'st in Heav’n uprights and pure; That glory then, when thou no more waft good” (Milton), Satan has pronounced himself as a more evolved threat of God’s army. In which, Satan withstands the subtle title of an embellishing evil as well as the opening of danger given the opportunity.