While John Steinbeck’s “The Chrysanthemums” and Alice Walker’s “Everyday Use” characters have both Physical and emotional masculine characteristics, Steinbeck’s character, Elisa, can not fully accept this characteristic due to society seeing women as weak. Voskuil’s character, Mama, only thinks about being more feminine to gain her oldest daughters acceptance. In Steinbeck’s “The Chrysanthemums,” Elisa is described as a masculine women even though society would rather her not be. After a moment of watching her husband, Steinbeck describes Eliza's appearance: “Her face was lean and strong and her eyes were clear as water. Her figure looked blocked and heavy in her gardening costume…” (449). Steinbeck’s strong description of Elisa suggests …show more content…
Skredsvig further explains that Elisa has more to her masculin figure/personality than most people will acknowledge: “From the evidence of the house and garden, it appears that her energy level and competence are equally high, even though her potential is less than fully developed. Her conversation with the tinker, her constant observation of her husband's business dealings, and her desire to "prove herself" with the orchards all seem to indicate unexploited potential” (Skredsvig). This evidence suggests that there's more than meets the eye in Elisa’s life. In “Everyday Use” Walker’s character “Mama’ accepts the fact that she has masculine characteristics. “Everyday use” shows that while Mama describes her daydream, Walker explains Mamas true feelings about being masculine: “One winter I knocked a bull straight in the brain...had the meat hung up to chill before nightfall” (470). The way Walker describes mama, shows that she accepts and is very proud of who …show more content…
As Elisa speaks to the tinker, Steinbeck shows how the tinker feels about women: “It must be nice,” she said. “It must be very nice. I wish women could do such things.” “It ain’t the right kind of a life for a woman” (455). The word choices Steinbeck made emphasize how the tinker thinks women should stick to house work. In “Women’s Space,” the author also shows how the tinker feels by further explaining his actions: “On the way into town, Elisa sees the tinker's caravan up ahead, and her chrysanthemum sprouts on the ground beside the road. And although she tries to avoid both the sight of the plants and the unavoidable conclusion that what she values most highly about herself is of no consequence to anyone else, she is unsuccessful. At best, the tinker's careless discarding of the plants (he keeps the pot) implies indifference, at worst, disdain or rejection” (Skredsvig). Again, Skredsvig uses evidence to prove the tinker is set on Elisa/women to stay housewives. In “Everyday Use,” Walker describes how the daughter feels about her mother’s masculinity. As Mama daydreams of being on t.v, she explains how her daughter, Dee, sees her: “I am the way my daughter would want me to be: a hundred pounds lighter, my skin like an uncooked barley pancake. My hair glistens in the hot bright lights” (470). Walker shows that Mama already
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In Yellow Wallpaper,The Chrysanthemums and Boys and Girls women/girls role in society is often limited. In yellow wallpaper John’s wife is suffering from postpartum depression. John does not let her do anything even write in her diary or read. In chrysanthemums Elisa is the best at what she does which is planting chrysanthemums. A guy came to Elisa in a wagon and told her i travel and fix pots for a living.
They sit on their porches judging Janie as she runs off with Tea Cake to go on picnics, fishing and hunting, all things she wasn’t able to do with Joe. The people of Eatonville believe Tea Cake is not good enough for Janie and think she is “too old for a boy like Tea Cake,” and can do better (3). Furthermore, they disapprove of the fact that it's only been nine months since Joe passed. These criticisms from the townspeople prove the idea that certain qualities are expected of women even when they are unmarried or widowed. Ultimately, this supports Nanny’s opinion of the stereotype for women and that they are the “mules” of society by Janie being criticized due to her “doin’ wrong” by marrying Tea Cake although she was widowed (2).
At this point in the story, she has an epiphany and is finally able to think clearly, leading her to realize that her interaction with the tinker was ingenuine and deceitful. Through the tinker’s sly words, he tricked Elisa into believing he truly saw her as an independent and respectful woman and because of this, she became attached and assumed the truth from him. Furthermore, she starts quietly crying like an old woman and hides her face. Diving deeper, the tinker’s actions are fueled by his hidden belief that Elisa is a gullible and pejorative victim. Due to the limitations imposed by gender bias, the tinker’s actions support Elisa’s portrayal as an unstable and helpless character.
A famous saying is “a closed mouth doesn’t get fed” that represents how if a person does not put words onto their thoughts then they will never be heard. Diane Ackerman writes, “ ...although it is possible to have a thought without words, it’s rarely possible to know what one thinks without bronzing it with words.” Ackerman’s claims are valid, words need to be used in order to hear a person’s thoughts. Feminism is a political and social movement that is geared towards creating equality between males and females in various aspects of life (e.g work, education etc). Feminists throughout the world have different views on what they consider feminist goals based on the societies and cultures they live in.
It may skew her thinking and at times be subjective. The intended audience is someone who is studying literature and interested in how women are portrayed in novels in the 19th century. The organization of the article allows anyone to be capable of reading it.
Further supporting Henry’s expectations, the way Elisa dresses while she gardens, downplays her femininity. As Elisa is busy working in the fields, her hair gets in her way and she moves it to the side. In the process she “left a smudge of earth on her cheek” (1). Having dirt on her face did not concern her, and so she did not take time to remove it. In Elisa’s mind, tending her garden allows her to find inner happiness amongst her chrysanthemums.
Elisa Allen, the protagonist of The Chrysanthemums was miserable, a 35 year old women, and dressed manly when tending to her flowers. ‘Her figure looked blocked and heavy in her gardening costume, a man's black hat pulled low down over her eyes, clod- hopper shoes, a figured print dress almost completely covered by a big corduroy apron with four big
The Chrysanthemums Literary Analysis One of the themes of “The Chrysanthemums” by John Steinbeck is gender inequality. In this short story, the main character Elisa Allen was a strong, smart woman who was stuck being a common housewife. Elisa wishes she could go out and be like the tinker, sleeping under the stars and adventuring every day of her life. Elisa’s husband owns a ranch of some sorts, and when he tells Elisa of the business deal he’d just made he gave her an unspecific explanation, or a dumbed down one so he doesn’t “confuse her”.
“Closed up like a pot,” describes Elisa’s feeling of separateness, loneliness, and emptiness, from the outside world. The Allen’s value the simple life of a rural farmhouse, but Elise still seems dissatisfied. Not until the arrival of a stranger who
Mama always dreamed that she will be in a show with her daughter Dee and Dee will be thanking mama of all what she’s done for her, but she knows it won’t happen. Maggie is smaller than Dee and she is always nerves and very shy, when she was a child their house got burned at that time she was very scared maybe that’s what makes her nerves and shy and that also hides her personality what she looks from the inside she hides it from the outside. Maggie lives at home with mama, she never spends time in the outer world she always stays at home and mama protects
Alice Walker’s Everyday Use (rpt. in Thomas R. Arp and Greg Johnson, Perrine’s Literature Sound and Structure 11th ed [Boston: Wadsworth, 2012] 166-173) is a short story told by the mother of two daughters, Mama. The story tells the tale of the return of Mama’s oldest daughter, Dee, and the problems that Dee’s return causes for Mama and her youngest daughter, Maggie. This short story includes humor and irony, displays detailed characterization, and portrays a very effective point of view. These three literary elements contribute to this story by giving insight into the past and the true personalities of the characters, and the way the characters have changed over time.
Everyday Use is written in first person point of view. The narrator is Mama, so everything that is written from her point of view. This perspective allows the readers to see some of Mama’s inner thoughts and personal commentary about that is happening. An example of this is, “I didn’t want to bring up how I had offered Dee (Wangero) a quilt when she went away to college. Then she has told me they were old-fashioned, out of style,” (490).
Masculine and Feminine Roles in Steinbeck’s “Chrysanthemums” In the story “The Chrysanthemums”, by John Steinbeck, Elisa Allen lives an unsatisfactory life as she desires more than what is bestowed upon her. The reader learns Elisa’s husband is culpable for not seeing the beauty of his wife, leaving an open door for the antagonist, a traveler, to prey upon Elisa’s. Steinbeck uses Masculine and Feminine roles of the early 20th century, Internal Conflict, and an antagonist, to show Elisa’s struggle for Identity. Steinbeck illustrates Masculine and feminine roles of the 20th century in the “Chrysanthemums” to show Elisa’s struggle with identity.
However, she is unhappily trapped in this new society she advocated for, where her hands have to endlessly knit for wool scarves and also touch flowers that mock her sterility. She has no choice but to support Offred’s and the Commander’s Ceremony for the future of the household. Through illustrating women who do not show solidarity to their gender, Atwood wants the reader to realize how they are also a product of their society, caught in their gender
The time when this story took place was a time when women were viewed as second class citizens. Mothers had traditional roles, which usually left them in the house, while men also had their roles, outside of the