Atom Essays

  • How Atoms Have To Look At The Structure Of An Atom

    1181 Words  | 5 Pages

    In the early years of thinking, Creek philosophers thought atoms were the building blocks of matter. Everything was built by atoms: people, trees, water and air. Atoms were viewed as eternal and indivisible. This idea was changed by Henri Becquerel, a French physicist, discovered some photographic plates had been exposed by particles coming from a piece of uranium. After this discovery, the Curies discovered that certain elements radiate particles. These particles would change into other

  • History Of Atom Dbq

    375 Words  | 2 Pages

    Atoms DBQ Atoms make up every object , substance, and material we know of(O.I). An atom is the smallest particle an element can be divided into. An atom has a complex structure, and the knowledge we have of it has changed many times throughout history.This tiny maze of parts has helped us learn important ideas about the structure and study of microscopic particles(O.I). Atoms are the basic building blocks of all matter(Doc.3). These small particles have a nucleus and a certain number of protons

  • Atoms Dbq Research Paper

    297 Words  | 2 Pages

    What are atoms? Well, atoms are the base of any chemical element. Atoms consist of in multiple things, in which these things scientists of the past have discovered, and they are so well known, poems and stories are made about them. In fact, the Periodic Table of Elements is made up of atoms. Atoms are the smallest bit of matter. They are matter and matter is them. Atoms are made of multiple things. Their layout is a dense nucleus surrounded by a large cloud of electrons. The “cloud” of electrons

  • History Of Atom Research Paper

    776 Words  | 4 Pages

    The history of the atom The earliest recorded theory of the atom first came about when Greek philosopher Democritus, in 460AD thought about division of sand grains. He thought that substances could be broken down until they could no longer be made smaller, he called this particle the atomos and this is where the word atom comes from. John Dolton, in the 19th century, was the next person to develop the idea of the atom. His studies on gases he created five assumptions about atoms, some of which are

  • Explain The Evidence To Support The Structure Of The Atom

    739 Words  | 3 Pages

    What is the evidence to support the structure of the atom? The commonly accepted picture of the atom that we use today was not theorised all at once, rather it was continually built upon by a number of physicists throughout the years. A recent, previously accepted model of the atom was devised by JJ Thompson. He theorised that the atom consisted of a number of negatively charged electrons embedded within a sea of positive charge which could all move around freely, thusly named, the “Plum Pudding

  • How Do Atoms Change Over Time

    362 Words  | 2 Pages

    is made of atoms (OI). The atom is the basic building block of all matter. It is the smallest unit of all matter. Every solid, liquid, gas, and plasma is composed of atoms. Scientific ideas about its structure have changed over time. Over time different scientist, chemists, philosophers and physicists have changed the structure of the atom over time. Atoms were first proposed in 450 BCE by Ancient Greek philosophers Leucippus and Democritus. They thought that matter is made of atoms (Doc.1). Then

  • Quantum Physics: Energy Levels Of Hydrogen Atoms

    1807 Words  | 8 Pages

    Name University Course Instructor Date Quantum Physics Exam 3 Problem1. Hydrogen Essentials PART A: Make a plot of the energy levels of the hydrogen atom. Plot the energy values En in the vertical direction for n = 1, 2,3,4,5. Plot the orbital angular momentum quantum number in the horizontal direction for l = 0,1,2,3,4. For each n, show every allowed value of l. Label every energy level spectroscopically (1s, 2s, 2p, ...). Indicate the m degeneracy of each l level. Show that the total degeneracy

  • Atoms Of Different Elements To Create New Compounds

    883 Words  | 4 Pages

    Ionic bonding Atoms of different elements can create chemical bonds and join together to create new compounds. One way they can do this by ionic bonding. Ionic bonding, atoms can gain or lose electrons to create positively or negatively charged atoms or groups of atoms called ions. Because of the attraction of opposite charged, plus (+) and mins (-), the ions are strongly attracted to one another. All the atoms over at the left-hand side of the periodic table from the zigzag line has just

  • Brief History Of The Atom Isabelle Bury 10G2

    360 Words  | 2 Pages

    History of the Atom Isabelle Bury 10G2 The concept of an atom was first created in the fifth century BC by two Greek philosophers. Democritus and Leucippus named them ‘atoms’ after the Greek word ατoμoν, because they initially believed that they were indivisible. Today, we know that atoms are made up of a positively charged nucleus, consisting of protons and neutrons, and that they are surrounded by fast moving negatively charged electrons. Although, before we knew the

  • J. John Dalton's Conception Of The Concept Of An Atom

    449 Words  | 2 Pages

    The word atom was coined by Greek philosophers. In the early 1800s John Dalton used the concept of atoms to explain why elements always react in ratios of small whole numbers. In 1827, botanist Robert Brown used a microscope to look at dust grains floating in water and discovered that they moved about. His was thought to be caused by water molecules knocking the grains about. The physicist J. J. Thomson measured the mass of cathode rays, showing they were made of particles, but were around 1800 times

  • Physics Of Atoms: Moving Up To A Higher Energy Level

    485 Words  | 2 Pages

    All matter is made of atoms. Atoms have a nucleus, which consists of protons and neutrons, and is surrounded by electrons. The nucleus is concentrated in a very small space, about 10-15 m. An entire atom is on the order of 10-10 m, so the electrons are relatively far from the nucleus, and, strangely enough, atoms are mostly empty space. Physicists have found that the electrons traveling around the atomic nucleus can have only certain amounts of energy, called energy levels. In other words, the energy

  • Why Do Electrons In An Atom Occupy Different Energy Levels

    357 Words  | 2 Pages

    The electrons in an atom occupy different energy levels. When all of the electrons are at the lowest possible energy level they are said to be in the ground state. Sometimes they can be promoted to a higher-energy electron shell. First, the electron can absorb a photon of just the right amount of energy to move it from one quantum shell to another. Second, when atoms are heated their electrons can gain energy from the heat. When an electron is in a higher-energy shell it is said to be in an

  • How We Know That Stars Are Made Of An Atom Called Hydrogen

    352 Words  | 2 Pages

    of an atom called hydrogen. This will also explain what atoms are and how we know that. All things that we can see are made up of atoms. Atoms are made of protons, neutrons and electrons. Protons are positively charged, neutrons are not charged and electrons are negatively charged. The proton and the neutron are stuck together, that is called nuclei, and the electron orbits the nucleus in a wave like motion. The amount of protons, neutrons, and electrons can change, creating different atoms with

  • Why Do Elements Go Down A Family

    594 Words  | 3 Pages

    from the nucleus which makes the atom larger. Since the energy level is increasing, the screening level also increases. This means that the electrons are blocked and are held more loosely than other electrons closer to the nucleus. This causes the atom to be larger. As atoms go down a family, they become more metallic. Since they are becoming more metallic, the atoms want to lose electrons and therefore don’t hold the electrons as tightly, also making the atom larger. Typically as elements

  • John Dalton Research Paper

    808 Words  | 4 Pages

    discovered that all matter is made of atoms, and that atoms are indivisible and indestructible. Atoms are one of the most essential concepts for scientists to understand, because they explain how chemicals and elements act and react. Atoms help show what elements do when put in different circumstances and why they do that. An atom’s structure is based on its number of shells or periods. Those are the orbitals surrounding the atom where the electrons are. Atoms are made of electrons, protons, and

  • Ionic Bonding Research Paper

    650 Words  | 3 Pages

    Covalent and Hydrogen bonding are essential to the formation of the world that we know today. The first type of bond involves the transfer of electrons from one atom to the next. This type of bond is known as Ionic bond and occurs between a metal and a nonmetal atom. These bonds are typically stronger than covalent bonds and involve atoms that have a large difference in their electronegativity or their ability to attract electrons. As a result of their strong bonds these molecules have a high boiling

  • Chemistry: Covalent Bonding

    998 Words  | 4 Pages

    this essay is called Covalent Bonding. Helium and neon, which are noble gases, exist as uncombined atoms. The noble gases are monatomic; they consist of single atoms, however, not all elements are monatomic. For example a key component of the liquid you drink is water, H2O. As you might guess from the chemical formula, H2O represents two atoms of hydrogen in a molecule of water. There’s another atom of oxygen, but the number one is omitted from a chemical formula. “For example, water (H2O) is a liquid

  • Chemical Bond Research Paper

    765 Words  | 4 Pages

    Mariel Beauroyre 9-B A chemical bond is form with the joining of two or more atoms (when two atoms are joined they form molecules and compounds.) Which are being held together by the attraction (force attraction) of atoms through sharing as well as exchanging electrons. Chemical bonds are found in molecules, crystals, or in solid metals. They also organized the atoms in order structures. But why are they important you may ask? They’re important because every material or substance in the world

  • Identify The Elements That Determine The Bond Between Metals And Nonmetals

    993 Words  | 4 Pages

    All elements are made of atoms, but it is the structure and arrangement of these atoms which determine the specific element, isotope and state. Each atoms is comprised protons, neutrons and electrons. The protons and the neutrons form the nucleus of the atom whilst the electrons orbit this nucleus in ‘shells’. The number of protons determine the element, the neutrons the isotope, and the electrons the charge. These atoms can be bonded together in one of three ways. Either metallic, ionic or covalent

  • Bohr's Atomic Model And The Electron Cloud Model

    1723 Words  | 7 Pages

    models constructed by scientists who have tried to figured out how an atom is made up and what exactly it is made up of but two of the best atomic models of the atom are Bohr’s atomic model and the Electron cloud model which were both made in the early 1900s . In 1913 the Danish physicist Niels Bohr had created Bohr’s atomic model showing the atom and how it was structured. Bohr’s atomic model was the first known model of an atom that incorporated the quantum theory and also was the predecessor for