All Quiet on The Western Front, written by Erich Maria Remarque, is a novel composed after World War One to convey the experiences of German soldiers during this horrific time of fighting. He brought to light many important issues that occur during wars. In this book, three horrors of war that had the largest impact were the lack of sanitation in the trenches, the loss of comrades, and the shock that came from unexpected and ongoing shelling. The lack of sanitation in the trenches caused many diseases, infections, and terrible memories to me made. For instance, while in the trenches at the front ugly, fat, and hungry rats would attempt to eat the soldiers’ bread and cheese. Since food was scarce and the men had no alternative option, they …show more content…
This new recruit has never experienced something that terrifying, therefore he completely forgot all that he learned when he was younger in the midst of his fear. During another shell attack, Paul observes young recruits completely losing their minds. He notes, “The first recruit seems to have actually gone insane. He butts his head against the wall like a goat.” (Remarque 111). Not only does Remarque revert back to describing soldiers as animals due to their loss of humanity and innocence, but he also exemplifies how they forget all reason and go completely mad. This particular madness is called shellshock. Shellshock is a condition commonly found in people who have been in combat who have been subjected to loud, traumatic sounds that cause them to be stressed whenever they hear a similar noise. This was very common in World War One as well as today. Nowadays, shellshock and PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) are found together in many veterans who have returned from combat. However at that time they did not have a specific diagnosis for all the soldiers going through them (Bourke bbc.co.uk). As a result of the constant shelling and the shellshock that stemmed from it, it is obvious how miserable these soldiers must have been after going through that kind of
Throughout the novel All Quiet on the Western Front, the narrator of the story, Paul Baumer goes through the realization how joining the war was destroying his and others’ youth while turning people against each other. Remarque uses the phrase “abyss of sorrow” as figurative language to describe the suffering and heartbreak the young boys experience in the front line, earning the generation of boys that served in World War 1 the name “the Lost Generation”. After Paul observes the pain of the prisoners that he is assigned to watch, he sees for himself “how people are set against one another, and in silence…slay one another”. Just because two sides are waging war, people are brainwashed or persuaded to sacrifice themselves for a fight that is
However, some soldiers believed shell shock could be cured, there was a British soldier named Charles Myers. Myers was a medically trained psychologist who had theories about curing shell shock. “Myers identified three essentials in the treatment of shell shock: "promptness of action, suitable environment and psychotherapeutic measures,"” (Jones, Shell shocked). Brooks writing about the illnesses and environment of life on the frontline helps paint a picture in his audience’s mind of the ordeal of problems soldiers dealt
The trenches were well also known for their rat infestations. These rats, were notoriously known as “corpse” or “trench rats” and grew to insanely abnormal sizes. They added to the filth and unsanitary conditions of the trenches, which increased rates of sickness and death among the soldiers. (INTRO TO QUOTE) “We must look out for our bread.
The wounded had to walk long treks as they were no stretchers and medical help. The track was dreadful and painful. The soldiers encountered many wild rat. The rats were wild and carried diseases that were passed on the soldiers and lead to death or, many were seriously
The novel All Quiet on the Western Front demonstrates a theme, war can be physically and psychologically harming. In this book it constantly shows examples of characters being harmed physically, but they also get mentally torn apart. An example of mental pain is when Paul goes on leave to visit home. He experienced severe PTSD and felt like he didn't belong there anymore because of his experiences. “I find I do not belong here anymore, it is a foreign world” (Remarque 168).
Once again, Remarque displays this same theme of dehumanization in war through different means, in which Baümer says, “We march up, moody or good-tempered soldiers--we reach the zone where the front begins and become on the instant human animals. ”(Remarque, 58). In this quote, it is revealed that Baumer and the other soldiers are “regular” humans when off the battlefield, but immediately altered and identified as “instant animals” when “we reach the zone where the front begins,” only being allowed to listen to their reporting officers and not think for themselves. The first half of
In “Prayer in the Furnace,” Phil Klay demonstrates the cruelty of war times, and the severe consequences it has on its Marines. The war is so appalling that it leaves the Marines barely able to sleep due to nightmares, they have thoughts of suicide, and they are hardly alive due to the substandard state of their health. Rodriguez, a Marine, talks to a chaplain about the issues that he has. He “pulled a plastic sandwich bag full of little pills out of his cargo pockets and held it at eye level. ‘How do you think any of us sleep?’”
Suddenly, Sergeant Bowen thought he was back in Vietnam- “crouched and rigid, eyes on fire, palms flat, fingers as stiff as he could make them” (620) -and it wasn’t his son jumping out at him, but an enemy soldier, and it was imperative he defend himself. After this incident, Johnny understood “noise alerted [my father] to my presence and prevented his being surprised and reacting on instinct” (621). Johnny has adjusted to the fact that his father is easily startled, yet another symptom of
Before World War I, all of Europe in 1914, was tense and like a bomb or a fire was waiting to erupt. Europe had not seen a major war in years, but due to Militarism, Imperialism, Alliances, and Nationalism tensions grew high. Each country was competing to be the best by gaining more territory and growing in their military size and successful economies. World War 1 was waiting to happen and the assassination of the Archduke was the spark that lit Europe up. In All Quiet on the Western Front, by Erich Maria Remarque we see the effects of the assassination.
War is a harsh reality that is inflicted upon the unwilling through the “need” of it’s predecessors and those whom wish it. All Quiet on The Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque is about 19 year old Paul and his friends in the “Second Company”. Even though they are just out of school age, they have already seen things that many could not bear to even think about. Eventually, all of his friends die, and even Paul too, dies. Remarque uses diction and syntax as literary devices to express his anti-war theme, or lesson.
The Lost Generation is a very prevalent theme in the novel, All Quiet On the Western Front, by Erich Maria Remarque. The Lost Generation are soldiers who fought in World War One, as a result of the war, they become clueless of the rest of society. Most of the soldiers are around 18 years old, and the rate they mature is almost horrifying. They go from being 18-year-olds who may or may not have finished high school, to men who fought in a war that will forever change them. The lost generation is a generation who will never be the same, throughout the book All Quiet On the Western Front, many of the characters will face moments where they realize the war has ruined them, ultimately, becoming the lost generation themselves.
However, when they were sent out into the midst of the war many of them realised the misconceptions they had and were led to believe. They became disillusioned as they realized that the war was much more brutal and horrific than they had previously believed. In All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Remarque effectively comments on the horrors of war from Paul’s perspective, especially when Paul comments on injuries the soldiers endure and witness by stating “We see men go on living with the top of their skulls missing; we see soldiers go on running when both their feet have been shot away…Another man…with his guts spilling out over his hands as he holds them in.” (Remarque,
Erich Maria Remarque was a man who had lived through the terrors of war, serving since he was eighteen. His first-hand experience shines through the text in his famous war novel, All Quiet on the Western Front, which tells the life of young Paul Bäumer as he serves during World War 1. The book was, and still is, praised to be universal. The blatant show of brutality, and the characters’ questioning of politics and their own self often reaches into the hearts of the readers, regardless of who or where they are. Brutality and images of war are abundant in this book, giving the story a feeling of reality.
However it may seem, this is not violence simply for the shock factor, neither is it simply included to add realism to the novel. Instead this is an effort on Remarque’s behalf to communicate the human aspect of war, and describe the immense suffering that could be inflicted on any soldier during the GReat War. Through the use of the Narrator Paul Baumer, and the graphic imagery and description, Remarque illustrates the suffering that a soldier had to go through, both psychological and physical. The physical injuries sustained by men on the frontline in All quiet on the western front were absolutely horrendous. Remarque communicated this through his vivid use of gore and graphic imagery, however did was not supposed to be a surprise factor, but more for the reader to truly understand what soldier could go through.
This chapter “The Ghost Soldiers”, showed us how Tim O’Brien and the other soldiers were dealing with the war both physically and psychologically. It also shows us how the Tim O'Brien behaved and felt when he was shot, wounded and had a bacteria infection on his butt and how the war changed the way he thought, and viewed the other soldiers around him. This chapter also contain a lot of psychological lens. From the way Tim O’Brien felt when he was shot and separated from his unit to a new unit to when he wanted revenge on Bobby Jorgenson for almost “killing” him.