Brown V Board Case

895 Words4 Pages
Daniel Santiago
Brown V. Board of Ed. Case
Mr. Dolese
Period 9

The Brown V. Board of Education Supreme Court Case was a major turning point in the long fight for Civil Rights. In the 1950’s, 13 parents decided to sue their local school district for breaking the Fourteenth Amendment. These suits were later grouped together to be known as the Brown V. Board of Education Supreme Court Case, named after Oliver Brown, whose daughter had to walk six blocks to go to her bus stop just to go to her segregated school. They argued that the term “separate but equal” rule was unconstitutional and should be overruled. In the end the Justices ruled in favor of the parents, thus making the “separate but equal” rule unconstitutional. This case was monumental
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4 other cases were heard by the Supreme Court so they ultimately just grouped them all together, making it The Board V. Education of Topeka Case. “ Oliver Brown was chosen as a plaintiff because he was a married man and employed” (Warren 21),they thought that the courts would take them more seriously if the plaintiff was a man, employed, and married. In the beginning, the Supreme Court was split on how to rule school segregation. Some wanted to stand with the verdict from the Plessy V. Ferguson Supreme Court Case, which meant the the “ Separate but Equal” rule would still go on. But on September 1953, Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson passed away, Who originally stood with the verdict of the Plessy V. Ferguson case. He was later replaced by Chief Justice Earl Warren, who managed to make a unanimous court decision against school segregation. The following year in 1954 “ The chief Justice wrote “ We concluded that in the field of public education the doctrine of “Separate but Equal” has no place (Lewis 205). The verdict was for schools to stop segregation but did not talk about how schools should handle integration. This made the Supreme Court ask for another hearing which would later be called…show more content…
In 1955 a year after the first Brown V. Board of Education case Rosa Parks stood her ground in a bus. Making another huge impact in the U.S. Causing boycotts and protests, mainly led by Martin Luther King Junior. The case even paved the way for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which was then followed by the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, both were monumental in the fight for Civil Rights. Private Schools even had to participate in the ruling also, In 1974, in the Runyon V. McCrary Court Case, the verdict was that if a private school didn't want to enroll a student because of race was violating civil right laws. Finally, because of the removal of the
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