Francis Truncale USSO 10100 While child labor has existed for much of America’s history, it is not until the industrial revolution, where changes in perception of childhood and adolescence took place, that it is seen as a social problem; combined with deplorable working conditions, this led to reforms that were seen as necessary for the welfare of children. To understand this, it is important to know the typical lives of children in preindustrial society. Prior to the industrial revolution, children were employed without social backlash. In preindustrial society, the household was the center of production and consumption. As a result, children worked within the household or on a family farm at this time . At this time, children received their education in the home from their parents. Children’s work was integrated with their education, changing with the seasons . However, this does not evoke the same negative thoughts as with factory work. In advanced industrial society, production is separated from consumption, therefore, out of the household. Production becomes a marketable item, which makes labor a commodity . When child labor is treated as a commodity, rather than a parent-controlled entryway to adulthood, problems …show more content…
According to the Children’s Bureau, though law prohibited children under 14 from working in factories, they did factory work at home . Minors under 16 did overtime work at home, which was used to get around the legal limited hours of work. Poor lighting conditions in the home led to children straining their eyes, developing sores, callouses, blisters, cuts, and bruises. Children injured in home work were not entitled to workmen’s compensation. Additionally, teachers complained of children coming to school tired due to the home work, which led to one-tenth of 9-13 year old students receiving school grades that were 2 or more years below the average
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Not only the meat packing industry, the overall factory environment in the early 1900s was depressing. Child labor was common. As Jame Adams observed in 1909, “thousands of the city youth will enter factory life at an early age as early as the state law will permit” (Doc. C). Implying her dissatisfaction toward the state action, she had pointed out one national issue for people to consider―child labor.
During the Industrial Revolution in the United States, labor laws regarding safety and the age of children who could work were non-existent. Unlike today, in a time where strict laws regarding the use of child labor are regarded and respected, during the times of early Industrialism, children worked alongside their parents in an effort to help their families economically. With the turn of the twentieth century came new ideas of the Progressive Era, which forever changed the laws surrounding the use of children in factories and other labor-intensive occupations. However, the struggle behind the efforts to change child labor laws was a long one. With events such as the Newsboy Strike in New York in 1899 to the creation of the Fair Labor Standards
Many parents needed their wages to make ends meet. In Document C from The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets by Jane Adams 1909, Jane states how children enter factory life when the law allows them to, and children end up not having childhoods. She writes that people are so caught up with the marvelous achievements of their industry and end up forgetting the children who have to work to help out as well. In Document G, a court case Hammer v. Dagenhart 1918, the father of two sons one under fourteen years old and another one between fourteen and sixteen explains his concern about the exploitation of his children in a cotton mill. He says its concerning that children are allowed to work more than eight hours a day and six days a week.
“Child labor and poverty are inevitably bound together and if you continue to use the labor of children as the treatment for the social disease of poverty, you will have both poverty and child labor to the end of time” (Grace Abbott). The issue of child labor has been around for centuries. Its standing in our world has been irrevocably stained in our history and unfortunately, our present. Many great minds have assessed this horrific issue and its effect on our homes, societies, and ultimately, our world.
Throughout human history, children were thought of as servants, apprentices, or a means to ease workload. Children would work on the family farm or a family business. They could be easily taken advantage of compared to adults. The exploitation of children for labor without concern for their education or welfare was common and even the norm. No special concern about children existed.
As the rate of industrialization in America grew during the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries, child labor became more and more common. The rapid growth of the economy and the vast amounts of poor immigrants during the Industrial Age in America justified the work of children as young as the age of three. By 1900, over two million children were employed. However, the risks of involving child labor greatly outweighed the positives; child labor was inhumane, cruel, and caused physical deformities among children. Children typically worked in coal mines, mills, and factories which contained many life-threatening hazards.
Essayist, Florence Kelley, once wrote, “For the sake of the children, for the Republic in which these children will vote after we are dead, and for the sake of our cause, we should enlist the workingmen voters, with us, in this task of freeing the children from toil!” (Kelley 92-96). This quote can be traced back to her account, in which she presents before the National American Suffrage Association in Philadelphia in 1905. In it, she vividly depicts the horrors of child labor, providing countless reports, varying child labor laws throughout the states and ultimately, a solution to the dilemma. In author Florence Kelley’s essay … , she employs logos and rhetorical questions, in order to fortify her stance on child labor.
A male factory employee familiar with his female coworkers noted that many women still had children at a young age, during their teenage years (Doc 4). Women also tended to have a large number of children, common when peasants worked on farms and needed as many bodies to help tend to the animals as they could get. However, since women now worked in an urban setting outside of the home, conflicts arose when they needed to care for young children. This led to small children being brought to work with their mothers, although this usually occurred with women working in fields, not factories, given the harmful environment of the factories (Doc 1). While women worked outside of the home and earned money for themselves and their families during the Industrial Revolution, they continued to have several children, and act as the prime caregiver, as they had prior to the
Each has their own goal and theses. Often working in pairs they have unraveled the under-researched world of child labor. The first economist discussed is Hugh Cunningham. He is at the forefront of his field having published several books and articles about child labor. In 2000, he wrote the article, “The Decline of Child Labour: Labour Markets and Family Economies in Europe and North America Since 1830” published in The Economic History Review. His article discussed child labor in the western economies in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Some parents make their young children work for 11 hours continuously non-stop. Also young girls force to work the country's high-end families as domestic servants. Parents sell their daughters for money, and leave the employers control their daughters by beating harassing and sexually exploits them. For boys, they work for intensive industries such as metal workshops, brick making and wood industry; which may risk their lives. Moreover, Heavy machinery and tools lead to injuries and leave them without treatment may affect their health in the future.
Child Labor Laws “Child labor and poverty are inevitably bound together and if you continue to use the labor of children as the treatment for the social disease of poverty, you will have both poverty and child labor to the end of time.” This quote by Grace Abbott explains why we need to stand up against child labor. Although many people think that children these days need to work more and have life handed to them, this was not always the case. Children during the industrial revolution were being forced to work long hours in terrible conditions with little to no pay.
But not all work done by children should be accepted as child labor. In other words, if a work doesn’t harm child’s health or personal development (educational issues), it is generally accepted as something positive and useful. Such activities develop children’s skills, provide experience and formulate them to be part of society. The term “Child Labor” is when children do work that damages their health or hamper mental or physical