China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion. The Qin and Han Dynasties were similar in that they both believed in a strong centralized government, which strengthened and unified their empires, but they differed in that the Qin followed the strict Legalism while the Han followed the more flexible Confucianism, and the way they interacted with outsiders; the Qin tended to be more defensive of outsiders while the Han were more interactive and wanted to build relationships with foreigners. First, the Qin and Han Dynasties believed in a strong centralized government. The implementation of a strong centralized government led to the success and growth of their dynasties. The centralized government creates a pyramid of power and influence, with the main leader, the emperor, on top. This …show more content…
The Qin and Han employed different philosophies on how to run their dynasties. The Qin used controlling Legalistic ideas while the Han used the relationship building Confucianism. The Qin and Han had a different relationship with outsiders because the Qin preferred to keep foreigners out while the Han wanted to build a relationship with them. The Qin and the Han each contributed to the growth of China’s culture and expansion. The developments in trade, foreign relations, and building expansive building projects in the Qin and Han Dynasties effected the design of every dynasty
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In conclusion, the two civilizations believed in entirely different ways to govern themselves and they both had completely different values of individuals. Athens had a strong confidence in each male citizen, believing that men were higher over all. They believed each man should engage in government and contribute their thoughts. On the other hand, Han China did not cherish the individual, instead, they believed men were a part of nature. They also believed that people should behave, be kind to others, and let the higher classes govern
In the Dynastic cycle, the dynasties Song and Qin were not strong in the Period of Decline. Through the period of decline these 2 dynasty have done the same things and different things. This was a big impact on how they fell. Similarities and Differences Some similarities are that they both ignored the needs of the poor. They didn’t care for the poor at all during this period of time.
During this era, both the Han Empire and the Roman Empire rised above and proved they were the strongest and while having the most powerful empires. Although their methods of reaching the highest point in power they didn't both get there the same way but in many ways, they compare. Both empires believed in power vested in the wealthy which gave the mandate to control. The Han Empire and the Roman Empire shared similar political structures that centered around everything. Both empires shared the belief in religious practices, economic values, and social practices.
They believed that the government should use law and punishment to end civil disorder. They also believed that a strong government was key to the system of legalism. After the Zhou dynasty was replaced by the Qin dynasty, legalist ideals were employed within the new dynasty. The Emperor of this new dynasty was named Shi Huangdi, which translates to " the
The Roman Empire had gods and goddesses. The relationship the Han dynasty had with heaven and the connection between the King and the gods were distinct. The Hans were under the authority of the heavens, the Romans were under authority of the King who was thought by the people to have a stronger connection to the gods than any other person. The Han dynasty followed Confucianism and Buddhism while,
Upon the fall of the preceding dynasty, the Ch’in dynasty, the Han dynasty arose with an extremely powerful general, who held all of the power of an emperor, Hsiang Yu. [i] He separated the Western Han into many different areas, and used devoted generals from both the Han and Ch’in dynasty (provided they showed allegiance to the Han Dynasty) to rule.[ii] In 202 B.C, general (or wang, as all generals were called) Liu Bang overthrew General Hsiang Yu, and was declared emperor, and renamed Kao Tsu[iii]. Due to the many responsibilities he carried as general and the very large amount of land there was to be governed, so Kao Tsu shared the responsibilities of emperor with family members and trusted appointees, as well as the multitude of military commanders while keeping the title of emperor all to himself.[iv] Unlike many other cultures, the Han dynasty appointed and held many leaders from lower classes as emperors or generals, who managed to come into power with brains, potential, and charm.
Qin Shi Huang did many things to organise his new empire. He wanted it to run smoothly for many many years. He confirmed many improvements is different areas as follows. Money-Emperor Qin also merged China by organising needed money and standard units of measure. Since everyone was using the same money and measurements, the whole of China ran much smoother.
The Qin dynasty was established by Qin Shi Huang after he united all of the governing states of China in 221 BCE. While China was in the late Warring States Period, Qin Shi Huang (personal name: Ying Zheng) conquered the six other states of China; Zhao, Wei, Han, Yan, Chu, and Qi, forming a merged country, all ruled by Qin Shi Huang. During the Qin dynasty, many developments were made that are very significant to Chinese history today. Chinese language was standardized, especially in writing. The Great Wall of China was also built under the rule of Qin Shi Huang and his son, Hu Hai.
One of the difference between the Qin and the Han dynasty is that Qin dynasty practiced Legalism and the Han dynasty practiced Confucianism. For the Han dynasty, in Document 3, states that they had a exam system of giving opportunities for everyone across the dynasty who has outstanding moral and learning to have a chance to have a role in the government, which shows that the Han dynasty emperor gave more opportunities to the commoners. For the Qin in Document 2, says that the people follow the rules, and there are no trouble because the people understand what happens when they do not follow the rules, which leads to punishments. Which shows that the Qin dynasty had strict rules for people to just obey for the government and have no say. Taking
The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire had just fallen, and it created chaos and disorder for some but for others it was a new chance for a greater life. After the Han Dynasty had fallen, the short but powerful Sui Dynasty reunited China in the late 500s which laid the foundations for the Tang and Song Dynasties. Both dynasties brought great change to the Chinese culture and their ways of life. The Tang and Song Dynastic periods both contributed to the flowering of Chinese society, and both were successful in several different areas. Both Dynasties are considered Golden Ages of China for several reasons.
The government became a bureaucracy he strengthen the military, and made giant technological advances. Qin developed legalism forcing his power of the government on people, only forcing his power that enabled him to build his tomb. If his people did not follow these rules they would have been severely punished. Like other second wave civilizations China absorbed the religion of
Political integration between both empires had both similarities and differences, most notably being different with the ways they chose those to rule. In Imperial Rome, bureaucracy relied on local elites (landholders) and the middle-class citizens to control provinces. Imperial Rome was far less complex, compared to the bureaucracy of Han China. Many official positions within the government were bought or became hereditary through family wealth as opposed to earned by merit, due to this fact, the Roman bureaucracy often suffered from poor governance. One of the reasons the empire was so unified even
Both of these dynasties are very similar, especially the fact that both were culturally rich and known to be “Golden Ages” in Chinese history. Both of these dynasties saw many advances in technology, with the invention of the compass and paper. Trade with other countries was a major occurrence during both the Han and Song Dynasty. Another factor that connects these two dynasties is the fact that they both use a common written language for those who were educated. The examination taken in order to receive a government position that was started during the Han Dynasty was also used during the Song Dynasty, so that people born into class were not automatically given government positions, but those who were intellectual and capable to hold a position were given the opportunity.
As China grew with population and technologies, so did their government. Their military was weak but they had the idea to make iron and steel weaponry. The increase of weapons allowed the Chinese military to have more power over the people. Yet, the downfall of their era was their tactics in controlling their army and the rebellious citizens. As China’s economy and population grows, so does the growth of politics and Urban life styles.