Legalism in Qin Dynasty China was known as a focus on greater efficiency and less adherence to tradition in which there was a more strict adherence to the letter of the law. This suggests that Qin Shi Huangdi justified strict centralized control by using the people to strengthen Qin. The citizens of Qin China were used as slave labor on huge construction projects and conquests, such as unifying China. One of the many huge undertakings that the citizens took on were the creation of many roads, and canals, for transporting troops and supplies to other parts of China. Another project was the building of a huge necropolis, large shrine for the dead, for Qin Shi Huangdi.
Countries such as Germany, France, Europe, Britain and Japan participated in the “sphere of influence” because China had valuable resources and these countries can control an area of trade in China. As shown in document A, the countries are reaching towards China to take their resources. The United States felt threatened and left out because they weren’t participating, they decided to create the policy as a coverup to join in the sphere of influence and take a role of power in China wealth. The United States had the right to create the policy because they believed that China wasn’t suitable and it was necessary for them to do it. As Theodore Roosevelt said in the Annual Message to Congress, if a country can govern themselves, they won’t need U.S interference.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. It is a great way to strengthen the economy and gain power and territory for countries that practice it, though it often failed and resulted in war and the deaths of innocents. Four intellectuals that played a big part in influencing American imperialism were Frederick Jackson Turner, Alfred T. Mahan, Herbert Spencer and John Fisk. All of these influencers had different ideologies and came together to justify American imperialism. They believed America needed to expand power and gain territories.
In the Classical Era, two influential empires emerged, Han China and the Roman Empire. Both were order-focused societies, which greatly supported the rise of these empires. However, Han China was built off the foundation laid by previous empires and already had a governmental precedent. In the end, both empires eventually fell due to a number of shared factors, one being the overextension of their land causing expenses to rise and borders to become vulnerable.
When comparing ancient civilizations, there are many things to consider. Among them are administrative systems, geography, religion, and social division. Social division and the separation of classes can affect the empire. Rome and the Han Dynasty in China were two ancient societies that flourished around the same time period, the Roman empire lasting from 509 BC to 476 AD, and the Han civilization falling into that time period from around 206 BC to 220 AD. Both of them faced the issue of social stratification, but they dealt with the situation differently.
The main theme that entangles itself in all of the source material is the idea of how governments should be run in such a powerful empire, such as Imperial Rome and the Han Dynasty. Starting with the first source, it is evident that the first Qin emperor believed that only the orthodox teachings should be tolerated, which meant that the works of the Five Classics and its teachings were to be extinguished. The next primary source serves as a supplement to explaining the fall of the Qin dynasty due to its warring ideas and Jia Yi argues that if Confucius teachings were implemented then the dynasty would have still been intact. The third source explains how the Qin dynasty was unjust in its equal appropriation of punishment against criminals regardless of motives or social class. Essentially, Dong Zhongshu believed that a dynasty could not be successful if it failed to establish a fair and righteous justice system for its citizens.
One of the biggest similarities that exists between the Han and Roman administrations was the composition
The principle of mercantilism caused Britain to regulate Colonial America’s trade. In 1584 Richard Hakluyt wrote a defense of the benefits of western planting. In the defense, he states that Britain should plant these new discoveries quickly and in a couple places, so that they are not precluded by other nations who want to do the same
Both the Chesapeake colonies and the New England colonies were vital to Britain’s atlantic trade. They both had large populations and booming economies. However, they both eventually established their own cultures that were different from each other. The colonies’ differing beliefs, environments, and labor lead to the contrasting cultures. The New England Colonies were a Puritanical society, who preached against excess.
The process China has been through to reach such a high economic role in globalization is a long term development. Although the sovereign PRC was established in 1949, the modernization process can be long traced back to more than a century ago when Qing Dynasty was still ruling China. During that time, society’s unsettlement caused some reform movement to initiate. In this essay, the implications of modernization of Taiping Rebellion and 1911 Revolution will be discussed. Taiping Rebellion was led by Hong Xiuquan from 1850 to 1864.
Alexander Hamilton was the Secretary of the Treasury while George Washington was President and he was one of the main proponent to having a stronger federal government. One of policy that made the government stronger was when he allowed for it to pick
In order to understand the similarities of how order was in the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the beginnings of each empire should be understood. Before the Han Dynasty rose, the Qin Dynasty, which overtaxed their citizens and regulated their laws by censoring education (burning books). The Roman Empire started out as a city-state which began to conquer neighboring regions, such as Italy, and expanded through warfare. However, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both created order in society by having an agrarian economy, ideologies, and establishing an authority that shaped social structures. The first similarity of how the Romans and the Han both created order in society, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, was their agrarian economy.
The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire. The Han dynasty Empire and the Roman empire stood large and mighty at the start of the Common Era, with the two kingdoms controlling an unprecedented mass amount of populations under their reign. Both kingdoms rose as predecessors from previous political systems that extended lands under one rule, with the Roman Republic expansion in Europe after the Punic wars and the Qin state achieving conquest over six other nearby states creating the first imperial China in east Asia. The heavy hand of the Qin dynasty and the assassination of Rome’s beloved general, Julius Caesar, by the Roman senate, threw both kingdoms into rebellion, ushering in centuries of imperialistic rule for both in their respective timelines.
In 246 BCE Prince Zheng ascended to the Qin throne and lead the dynasty to vanquish all enemies and unite China under one ruler, himself, "The First Emperor," for the first time in history. It's debatable whether Emperor Zheng was one of the greats, but he wanted to be as he expressed good morals according to Confucian standards by climbing up five mountains, also known as his, "expeditions." At every mountaintop, Zheng carved his accomplishments on stone and left it there for the world to see. This act supported not only his dynasty, but the Confucianism teachings which believed the role of all great rulers was to lead their subjects in ritual. Heacily influenced by legalist teachings, Emperor Zheng also demonstrated more control over his subjects than previous
Qin Shihuang’s many faults and unattractive features derive in large part from his achievements. One of his most well-known traits is harshness, which at times was considered despotic. He is said to have maintained strict order over his kingdom, and valued obedience above all. As the first ruler to have united many Warring States and subsequently impose a central government with astonishing alacrity, this trait may seem expected in some ways.