Compare And Contrast Taylor And Fayol

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`For the purpose of this assignment I have chosen to compare and contrast the contribution of Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) and Henri Fayol (1841-1925) to the field of management. I will outline the similarities and differences between Taylor and Fayol and then conclude and elaborate on how these two theorists’ work influenced the world of management both in the past and at the present moment. Frederick Winslow Taylor born in focused his theories heavily on the scientific method, finding the ‘one best way’ to manage a firm and its personnel, (Kanigel 1999). Taylor focused on the operative level, he believed that the application of scientific methods from the bottom of the industrial hierarchy upwards was the key to success. Taylor…show more content…
They clearly had very different opinions on how to reach their individual aims. They did both, however, want to improve management practices. Taylor encouraged any reccomendations from employees while developing his theories. (Taylor 1993) . Unlike Taylor, Fayol took a wider perspective when looking at the management within a firm, he did not dismiss the human interaction or unprofessional relationships than are an integral part of a business organisation. He developed a universal theory of management rather than Taylors ‘one best way’ approach to doing…show more content…
Fayol developed the ’14 Principles of Management’ including; Initiative, giving employees the freedom and space to be creative and unique. Espri de Corps; where a business will promote uniqueness and unity within a workforce and Scalar Chain; where employees will always be made aware of their place and role within the business, ( Manktelow 2015). Whereas Taylor called his theory ‘Scientific Management’ and overly stressed the need for efficiency and restricted himself to the activity of production within a firm.It could even be said that Taylor had a micro-approach due to his restrictions within a factory and Fayol had a macro approach as his principles are adaptable to all fields of management. However, Taylor did conduct several experiments earlier on in his studies testing the task sytem within a firm focusing on all aspects of production such as the time needed, materials, labour and what was the quickest, most-effective way of producing the good in question, ( Taylor 1911)
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