The Harlem renaissance was more than a movement for the African Americans, it involve racial pride in the African American community expressing their fueled demanding civil and political rights in their talents in Harlem. Among those who was recognized for their work was Arna Bontemps, Arna Bontemps was born on October 13, 1902 in Louisiana. Arna Bontemps move to Los Angeles when he was three years old after his father was threaten by two drunk white men. Bontemps grew up in California, he was later sent to San Fernando academy boarding school by his father. When Bontemps complete San Fernando academy he went to pacific union college in Agwin, he graduated in 1923 with AB.
He writes, “The Negro said: “We can’t go downtown and sit and stare at you in your clubs While whites got the pleasure to enjoy everything that was offered to them, Negros had the deal with other end of frustrating place of unfairness. Hughes also feels that people made it seem like Negros were given opportunities (“Langston Hughes and Alain Locke’s Harlem Renaissance; African American Black Renaissance Harlem Poetry”). With trends toward interdisciplinary, internationalist, and cross-race scholarship dominating American studies at the end of the twentieth century, subsequent work attends to the journalists, sociologists, historians, and performance artists who were often financed by the patrons, prizes, and grants that have been analyzed only as they affected literary work (“Harlem Renaissance – Credo
He is the one, put in the book to break all the rules and bring the life of knowledge and ideas back to where they belong. At first Equality felt awful for many of the things he had done for example; “each night […] we, Equality 7-2521, steal out and run through the darkness to our place.”(35), but sooner or later it didn’t matter much to Equality anymore. When Equality worked in his place (a dark hole in the ground from the unmentionable times) he worked on a box that made electricity when he finished it he brought it to the home of the scholars, who rejected it. This was the last straw for Equality and that’s when he lost it; “You fools! You fools!
He lost everything in the war and then it motivates him to try to get used to his new environment. One day he talks to the kids who are assembled together in the gang and say ""It's a beautiful house," and still watching the ground, meeting no one's eyes" (pg. 3). He plans to destroy the house until it no longer exists like his old life. As the gang sets out to completely eliminate the house, Trevor shows a different, dark side of him that states, "We are going to destroy this house.
In return, they created laws called the Black Codes to oppress African Americans. These acts made sure the former slaves signed labor contracts, and they would be fined or forced into unpaid labor if they didn’t. This method of making sure blacks are still laborers was horrible and the former slave-owners loved it.
The poor citizens in Maycomb, Alabama face different inequalities. For example, the Cunninghams and Ewell families, even though they are both poor they are treated differently the Cunninghams are poor but honest, and hardworking while the Ewells are considered trash, and lazy. Social inequality in To Kill A Mockingbird is augmented by the woman, the poor, and the black residents which are considered inferior to the other residents. Harper Lee the author of To Kill A Mockingbird shows racial bias in many places. In particular racial bias is shown in page (220) “in our courts, when it’s a white man's word against a black man’s, the white white man always wins”.
While the protagonist tries to help find out the criminal who steals the golden watch in his girlfriend’s house, it turns out that he is framed to be the thief by the real traitor, the rival. As a result, he is banished from the house. Even though he tries to shadow the rival to find out the truth and saves his own reputation, the result for his action makes him humiliated by the rival. In addition, he is modest even over-humble in reality. He is always in powerless stage, especially the dollar bill scene.
Although there is a promise of failure Atticus will not stop on his fight for justice. In order for his children to see the difference in how the world is and how it should be Atticus is constantly teaching them about the unfairness and unjust ways around them. Using your higher status in society to belittle and discriminate against those below you is an appalling act that according to Atticus Finch makes you trash. ‘“As you grow older, you 'll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don 't you forget it -- whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash”’ The metaphor “that white man is trash” is used when Atticus is explaining to his son the unjust racist ways of their small town. Comparing a white man to trash when he is cheating a black man shows that Atticus does not accept the the racism and narcissistic ways in his town, and seeks for his son to not accept them either.
Both Tom Robinson’s case and white men gambling at Calpurnia’s church are examples of racial prejudice in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Throughout the book were plenty of examples of racial prejudice but these two were the most obvious and harsh examples. People used treat Negroes below them just because of their skin tone; they do not get to choose what they look like. If somebody is to judge someone, it should be about what they choose to do, not what they cannot
The past Abby was trying to run from so hard comes right back and threatens everything. Mick Abernathy, Abby's father is a former successful poker player. He's luck left him and seemed to move on to Abby when turned 13 and since then he blames everything on her. Mick shows up on campus and tells Abby he got into another debt, but this time it's different, because the person he owes the money to, wouldn't hesitate to kill for his money. In a desperate try to save her father, Abby and Travis go to Vegas in order for Abby to try and earn 25,000 dollars in 24 hours through poker games.
Lastly, there is a misinterpretation that only black people are rappers and the listeners of rap. Many would be surprised when they discover how many rappers in the music industry who are a different race other than black. For example, one of the most popular and talented rapper in the rap industry is white and goes by the name Eminem. When he first tried to put himself in the music industry, many labels refused to take him in because of his race; back in the 1990s, many record labels accepted only black rappers. Therefore, Eminem struggled to get his name into the music industry.
With his determination, Cooper became the first African-Americans radio announcer. Many African-Americans were hired as a temporary freelance voice coach or programming consultants, but never as permanent staff (Rothenbuhler & McCourt, 2002, p. 373; Barlow, 1999). Cooper left Washington DC in 1929 and moved back to Chicago where he worked in WSBC/Chicago, becoming the host, producer and announcer of The All-Negro Hour, a variety show. The show contained African-American music, comedy, religious messages, and skits written by himself to elevate African-American performers that sought to change the negative racial stereotypes (Newman, "On the Air"
The U.S. has been influenced by different cultures, trends, and movements. For instance, protest movements and hip hop have been used by African Americans as an avenue to tackle social injustices and other issues. South central L.A. chief rapper of the group N.W.A (Nig*** with Attitude), Ice Cube, seems to have firsthand experience about the hardships of the ghettos. According to the rapper, if one sits calmly at night, he or she is more likely to hear nothing but gunfire, which he has heard so much in his neighborhood (1). At night helicopters are always flying with their spotlight on, looking for someone.
For the white society to hate the zoot-suiters even more, the “zoot-suit” came from the mid-thirties Negro fashions, where during that time Malcolm X began sporting the look. On top of the fact that these “zoot-suits” came from Negro culture, during the 1942 cloth rationing, the illegal suits still remained popular, which was a very “non-supporter, un-American” thing to do while our country was at war. These zoot-suiters were not doing much to help themselves stay out of trouble by consistently rebelling against the social norms, and their rebellions were un-patriotic which made white Americans despise them even
Because the social ladder is built based off of race, Tom immediately gets cast to the bottom without a second thought. “Sorry” is italicized to illustrate the disbelief, which contributes to the fact that the public does not accept Tom’s honest sympathy for Mayella, nor do they even attempt to understand him. Because of this narrow-minded thinking, Tom’s biased persecution eventually escalates to his death. Another example of the little empathy the town possesses is presented in Scout’s third-grade classroom, where lessons are learned from current events. Given that To Kill a Mockingbird is set around the 1930s, of course, one day the topic of Hitler is brought up.