His presentation was very eye opening and educational. Really made me think of other people and how I could change. Microaggression is verbal, nonverbal, behavioral insults or comments to other marginalized groups that downgrade them in society. Some people don’t even realize that they are doing it. For an example, when Gonzalez came in to speak to our class and he gave the example of his co-workers talking about the baseball game and they kept on saying “darn indians” repeatedly (2017).
Harry Stein, a contributing editor to city Journal defined microaggression as "It is to exaggerate the meaning of such encounters in the interest of perpetually seeing oneself as a victim." The victim exaggerates the situation the person asking or giving a compliment becomes the victim because of the disciplinary actions having to face. People should not be punished for not knowing the hidden message of their action, and the limit knowledge of their victim 's background. They are known as ignorant people while people who know the hidden message of their action but still commit to doing because they are curious and want to learn. Racial microaggression is invisible, people tend to make it visible through exaggeration.
Microaggressions: Microaggressions are generally viewed as phenomena within the context of racial and ethnic interactions and its look like negative racial slights and insults to the target person or group and it can that reflect superiority, hostility, discrimination, and racially inflicted insults and demeanors to various marginalized groups of people based on such identities as race/ethnicity, , sexual orientation, ability, religion, class, and age and we can see Microaggressions daily verbal or behavioral and environmental indignities whether conscious and unconscious acts (Wing Sue, 2016.p.118). Microaggressions are the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which
These assaults are considered more “old-fashioned” racism where people will only display notions of minority inferiority “when they (a) lose control or (b) feel relatively safe to engage in microassault” (Sue et al. 2007: 274). A microinsult conveys rudeness and insensitivity towards a person’s racial heritage or identity (Sue et al. 2007). They are more subtle than microassaults and are “frequently unknown to the perpetrator, but clearly convey a hidden message to the recipient of color” (Sue et al.
Race has always been a problem in America and other countries. But developments such as Critical Race Theory (CRT) has helped challenge race and racial power and its representation in American society. Articles such as Critical Race Theory: An Introduction by Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic; White Privilege, Color, and Crime: A Personal Account by Peggy McIntosh have helped CRT develop further. Along with the documentary White Like Me by filmmaker Tim Wise. These articles and film explore the race and racism in the United States, along with critical race theory.
These students accepted that they did not have the same opportunities as the white children, even though in reality they were at the school with the same options. Two concepts used in this study included the Agentive and Interpellative approaches of Critical Race Theory. Interpellative Critical Race Theory puts an emphasis on an identity as singular and imposed, an example would be your one identity is only race. This concept separates each identity from the other. While, Agentive Critical Race Theory places the emphasis on multiple and mutable identities.
Anti-oppressive practice [AOP] and cognitive-behavioral therapy [CBT] are both theories that social workers can use to help their clients cope with the challenges that they face. AOP is a macro theory that emphasizes how social justice workers must work towards eliminating all forms of oppression, at every level, if they want to make positive, lasting change for individuals and communities. Since people are often affected by several forms of oppression, AOP theorists believe that only focusing on eradicating one form of oppression will not solve the complicated issues that many people face (Baines, 2011). Conversely, CBT is a micro theory that focuses on how dysfunctional thoughts and unproductive behaviours negatively affect a person’s mood.
Anti Oppressive Practice AOP I have chosen AOP as the second critical theory in this piece because I believe it is compatible and intersects well with the components of CRT. AOP is a principle and a theory that seeks radical change to how society is structured by advocating for anti-racial and anti-discriminatory on how power and wealth is determined and shared, a change for social justice just as CRT. (Robins 2011) describes AOP as a central on the misuse and usage of power on and by different system within community. He further explained that AOP should be seen as posture or viewpoint that needs to be incorporated with other methods and theory in social work. This, I believe is because not all methods are client centred or looks at things
work, we are still always aware of her presence in the background of contemporary literature.” (Edmund Wilson in Axel 's Castle, 1931) She reversed the roles and broke all taboos about her sexuality in her writings by expressing them freely in her works but that gained her major criticism in that period of time . One of the most critical mechanisms of modern or new racism is that it is based on an ideological structure of dissimilarity and othering, meaning the major focus of the modern racism is uniqueness or the individuality of the person. In combination with existing leading white hegemonic supremacy, racism becomes a powerful strategy for maintaining a balanced way of power distribution. Racism and themes of race coated the American literature because it is a part of the culture 's history. Rather, the race was regarded through a critical lens in order to fully understand the American canon.
However, racism put race into one of the consideration thus black people are not allowed to win their social positions through fair and equal competition. 2.2 principle of justice Principle of justice requires the treatments of persons according to what they deserve. A qualified person deserves the job and it is just when he or she gets the job. However, when there is racism, black people cannot earn promotion although they are hardworking and qualified. It is unjust as they cannot get what they deserve.