I have discussed in this piece Critical Race Theory (CRT) and Anti Oppressive Practice (AOP) approach to social work. Subjects such as Race and Racism, Microaggression, White privilege, Power and Empowerment in addition with Identity are themes links these two radical theories together which I have also discussed. I have concluded the work by stressing how CRT and AOP could be use to seek social justice for Black and Minority ethnic group (BME) within the UK society.
Critical Race Theory CRT
CRT came into existence because of the racial oppression in united state during the 1970’s. The theory was formed in other to awaken the society at a time when relationships between races had stalled. (Delgado 1995) stresses that CRT originated …show more content…
It could happen through verbal or non verbal communication, even looks or behavioural when someone with a different skin colour or sexual orientation approaches is microaggression. It is a stereotype or prejudicial statement which people make without noticing most of the times. (Solórzano et al 2000) defined microaggression a subtle abuse aimed at individuals of colour, mostly automatically or unwittingly. (Sue 2010) gave microaggression a more broad definition by calling it a short and ordinary expression or conduct and environmental humiliation, even if intended or unintended which conveys hostility or disparaging insults to an individual or a group of a different sexual orientation, race, religion, gender. These insults are mostly harmless and unnoticed sometimes as stated above. However, an accumulation of microaggression to victims that are conscious of it could have an adverse effect on the individual self esteem and confidence. (Pierce 1995) illuminated more on this by stating that microaggression as it might appear innocuous, nevertheless, accrual weight of microaggression in the life of an individual could lead to demolishing of individuals self-esteem, increase pessimism and weaken mortality. Research has also shown the impact of microaggression on victims which …show more content…
Historically, from America to central Europe the whites race have always had the preference socially, educationally and politically whilst other ethnic groups found it difficult to climb up the ladder or fully express or gain their rights to self determination. This is described concisely by (Jeyasingham 2011) referring to white privilege as a variety of unjustified social advantage that is gained by white people even though they mostly don’t notice it. White privilege is something that could said to be a birth right, where a white Caucasian chances to succeed in life are bigger than a black or someone from other ethnic minorities despite the fact that they were all born in the same hospital, lived in same town and attended the same schools. As (Lavalette and Penketh 2014 page ix) highlighted that this has “no scientific valid reality” but constructed by the sects with most institutional might and power to determine where different races end up in the social and institutional hierarchy. Finally, (Kendal 2002) defined white privilege in a different way in comparisons to other which buttresses the points made above as he links white privilege along with male privilege as something difficult for people who are born with rights to wealth and power but easy to see to those that
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In this book, author Tara J. Yosso demonstrates how institutional power and racism affect the Chicano/a educational pipeline by weaving together critical race theory and counterstories. Critical race theory is a framework used to discover the ways race as well as racism implicitly and explicitly shape social structures, practices, and discourses(Yosso, pg.4). Counterstories refer to any narrative that goes against majoritarian stories, in which only the experiences and views of those with racial and social privilege are told. The counterstory methodology humanizes the need to change our educational system and critical race theory provides a structure for Yosso to base her research. This results in a beautiful hybrid of empirical data, theory, and fascinating narratives that works to analyze how forms of subordination shape the Chicana/o pipeline, while also exposing how institutions, structures, and discourses of education maintain discrimination based on gender, race, class and their intersections.
In reading Meet the poster child for “white privilege” – then have your mind blown, and, To the Princeton Privileged Kid, I can say that I somewhat see and agree with both points of view. I think that both have in some way miss interpreted what the other is saying. It amazes me how people don’t want to take matters into their own hands, and always find the need to have someone to blame for their issues, and shortcomings. Instead they just keep spewing out hate. Hate breeds hate, and we can 't keep fighting it all with more hate.
Furthermore, CRT's focus on systemic racism does not imply that white people are inherently racist or that people of color cannot be prejudiced against white people. Rather, CRT recognizes that racism operates on a systemic level and targets marginalized
Many people in the world don’t know about what white privilege is, and most of those who know know what it is debate on whether it exist or not. First off white privilege is a term that represents the privileges that comes along with having white skin. With many white people arguing that white privilege doesn 't exist many people of color believe it does. Most people of color believe that white people are always one level ahead of them, because of their privilege. First of all, like many people of color, I believe white privilege does exist, because I can see it all around me.
Whites are not aware of the privilege they have, simply for the fact that this is their life the majority do not know anything different. When you have been drinking coke every day of your life and everyone else has ben drinking diet coke labeled as coke you wont know the difference. Lipsitz (1995) affirms whiteness is everywhere in US culture, but it is very hard to see. This is how white privilege looks to the average American even though everyone else is not getting the same treat as the whites they do not understand it because they have been treated the same way or so they think their whole life as well. Minorities are getting diet coke their whole life, though they see the whites making more money, and treated better in turn they begin questioning and coming up with the
Microaggressions: Microaggressions are generally viewed as phenomena within the context of racial and ethnic interactions and its look like negative racial slights and insults to the target person or group and it can that reflect superiority, hostility, discrimination, and racially inflicted insults and demeanors to various marginalized groups of people based on such identities as race/ethnicity, , sexual orientation, ability, religion, class, and age and we can see Microaggressions daily verbal or behavioral and environmental indignities whether conscious and unconscious acts (Wing Sue, 2016.p.118). Microaggressions are the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which
Microaggressions are insults, indignities and denigrating messages sent to people of color by other people who are unaware of the hidden messages as stated in "Unmasking racial microaggressions" by Tori DeAngelis. Microaggressions are complicated, because of how both the victim or perpetrator cannot understand the situation if it is an insult or compliment that becomes toxic for people of color. People ask like "Where are you from? What is the best ramen noodle? Etc."
Delgado and Stefancic (2011) stated that Critical Race Theory explores how “race, racism, and power intersect to create different circumstances for people of color within society [...] and in postsecondary institutions” (as cited in Quaye, 2013, p. 172). Within the field of higher education, it is important for student affairs professionals to recognize how race permeates all aspects of an individual’s life to fully understand their students’ experiences. Unlike other student development theories, such as Baxter-Magolda’s (2008) self-authorship and Abes, Jones, and McEwen’s (2007) Model of Multiple Identities, CRT places race at the “center of the analysis and assumes that race is omnipresent” in an individual’s life (Quaye, 2013, p. 167).
“ According to the National Association of Social Workers Web site, racism is “the ideology or practice through demonstrated power or perceived superiority of one group over others by reasons of race, color, ethnicity, or cultural heritage....” The definition further goes on to note that “racism is manifested at the individual, group, and institutional level.” (Blank, 2013) Despite how much time has passed by, racism continues to be a huge issue today. We see it every day, some have even been confronted by racial discrimination, or racial slurs even. We see how the system could be for example: how blacks continue to get more severe punishments or blacks have higher the chance to get criminally sentenced than whites.
An approach that I plan on employing within my future social work practice, is the anti-oppressive approach to social work intervention. This approach is incredibly important to comprehensive social work practice, and completely assisting a client with the social problems or discrimination that they may face within society. Anti-oppressive practice is employed in situations where the client is a victim of discriminatory power structures (Sakamoto, 2005). I will particularly be focusing on how discriminatory power structures impact racialized and visible minorities. The discrimination and mistreatment of visible minorities is widespread within contemporary Canadian society, as often times societal structures benefit dominant groups and mistreat
Social work practice has been altered, revised, and rewritten as society begins to acknowledge the acceptable oppressions and attempts to change the current circumstances. Every situation, when working with a service user, is different. Therefore, a plethora of theories, practices, and perspectives must be considered. There is not a definitive way to practice social work; multiple theories are considered per case to best accommodate the service user in the least distressing and oppressive way possible. A practice that has recently become popular in social work is anti-oppressive practice.
Rothman, Carson, and Madoc-Jones (2011), suggest many controversies occur between social work theories and the practitioner's interpretation of those theories are a subject of great concern in the field of social work. The importance of this research is not just academic, but important to society as a whole. Findings such as those of by Rothman, Carson, and Madoc-Jones, (2011), regarding the interpretation of social problems, demonstrate how quickly and inaccurately social workers can employ erroneous judgment based on the automatic activation of their views or beliefs. As society is forever increasing in its intermixing of individuals from different social and ethnic groups, social workers must further increase their understanding of inter-group
Over the course U.S. of history, those who identify as white have been systematically privileged over those of other races and ethnicities. Starting with the moment the ships landed in America in the 1400’s, anyone who was not white was considered to be inferior. As the years went on, those who travelled here preached equality and building a sovereign nation free from outside influence but quickly used slaves brought mostly from Africa to build themselves up. As stated in the RACE video, bogus claims that there was physical proof in the shape of people’s skulls that showed superiority of white people were refuted but the racism never really stopped. I think it has become so engrained in history and culture there is still a long road to understanding
White people can disconnect and deny "white privilege" because the current system offers them no discomfort. A system rigged in the favor of whites appears to be left untouched because change would mean the elimination of their comfort. If you consider slavery, because the south benefited from the labor of blacks in all
Explain one or two theory (ies) about race and use this/ these theory (ies) to analyse the phenomenon of racial tension that has marked the South African society in the last couple of months (2015/2016) The polarising effect of racial tension within the South African context is indeed the elephant in the room, it takes a Facebook post by one individual from the “other” race to get the proverbial axe of racial tension to fall. At the end it becomes an issue of perception, personal and communal beliefs, embedded stereotypes, worldview, construction of reality, and the burden of background and history. However from a theoretical framework there is more than what meets the eye in terms of objective, constructive and progressive interaction with these realities without being subjective and biased. The essay is going to