These articles and film explore the race and racism in the United States, along with critical race theory. In this paper, I will be critiquing these articles and films in order to evaluate the purpose of these readings and how they have helped further develop race in America. But most importantly, whether the author has achieved its purpose to inform readers about CRT, whiteness, and racial inequality. First article, I will be analyzing is Critical Race Theory: An Introduction by Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic. Both authors explore Critical Race Theory in detail.
Pratt’s Rhetorical Analysis Stanford college professor, Mary Louise Pratt, spoke on the “Arts of the Contact Zones” in 1990 to collaborating professors in an effort to change the teaching of multi-cultural literacy. Drawing the idea of cultural literacy from an ideological standpoint, she desired to criticize the traditional approach to teaching and embrace what she calls “contact zones.” Pratt has done studies on what she defines contact zone as, she remarks that contact zones are social spaces were two cultures meet with each other. Her aim, however, is very clear that she wants to convince a group of educators to help create a new standard in education that is student-centered and has the intentions in what she calls the contact zone. Pratt
Nevertheless, in most cases ability grouping is regarded as establishing social stratification, maintaining equality, and targeting to develop students human capital in the public. A rigid choice between homogeneous grouping and heterogeneous grouping cannot solve all educational problems of all students. Students naturally have different ability in different subject areas. Allocating them to learn with certain group of classmates by this criteria may not fit students the best. Grouping can have far-reaching effects on students learning and thus careful decisions should be made.
Her central thesis is that mass incarceration is “The New Jim Crow,” or the new system of control used by the government to uphold racial class in the U.S. This book will be helpful to my research because it directly discusses the topic of race and the criminal justice system. Amnesty International. (2003). United States of America: Death by discrimination
He suggests that by using pragmatist principles, we can arrive at the truth regarding race relations by seeing the injustice of racism and promoting social change. In his address during the Niagara Movement, Dubois emphasize that “ And when we call for education, we mean real education. We believe in work. We ourselves are workers, but work is not necessarily education. Education is the development of power and ideal.We want our children trained as intelligent human beings should be, and we will fight for all time against any proposal to educate black boys and girl simply as servants and underlings, or simply for the use of other people.
Rhetorically Analyzing A Talk to Teachers A talk to teachers, written by James Baldwin, criticises the education system in the mid-1900s by directly sending a message to teachers about the flaws in the system. He argues that race should not hinder equality or the quality of education a child receives. Baldwin uses tone and diction that highlights the importance of his message. In addition, he uses several persuasion tactics to convince his audience of his ideas. Baldwin uses an advanced vocabulary throughout the essay, but only uses slang terms when referring to African Americans.
Nancy A. Heitzeg, a Sociology Professor at St. Catherine University published an article titled Education or Incarceration: Zero Tolerance Policies And The School to Prison Pipeline. In this scholar article Heitzeg, addresses the zero tolerance policy and the negative effects of this policy. She looks at the growing number of suspensions, expulsions, and dropout rates. Most importantly how this policy is racially disproportionate; for more Black and Latino students are likely to face harsher consequences for this zero tolerance policy. She argues for reform and alternatives that will lead our youth away from the criminal justice system and back toward the education
Critical race theory is a movement that had taken and continuously takes shape as a result from the ideas of pre-existing movements such as the critical legal studies movement and a radical feminist movement. Theorists within critical race theory strive, through the analysis of the structures of law as well as legal traditions within society (particularly within America) to recognise inbuilt racism within the structure of the law through the “history, contemporary experiences, and racial sensibilities of racial minorities”. Critical race theory is a twentieth century movement emerging from the 1970s as a movement created on the realisation for new “theories and strategies were needed to combat the subtler forms of racism” that were remerging in society as a result of the stalling of the civil rights (within America). With regards to the forming of the CRT movement, (Delgado & Stefancic, 2001) asserts that “CRT began as a movement in the law” where law was initially the original discipline under critical race
In Appiah’s essay on racial identities, readers can find an interesting view on what the norms of identities are and what that means for both individuals and a community. This creates a lens a which to look at the ideas of language portrayed in Gloria Anzaldua’s essay. In this essay, Anzaldua gives a very personal spin on the idea of language. She does this by setting up the
An acknowledgement of multiple intersecting identities is a prerequisite to understanding inequality in the public health system and in fixing it (Bowleg 2012: 1). Bowleg cites the black feminist founders of intersectionality and uses intersectionality as theoretical framework. She operates from the position of marginalized populations to create space in a system that must acknowledge them by citing inequities such as those reflected by HIV rates. (Bowleg 2012: 2). Due to the infancy in the field cited by McKibben& McPherson there are issues in the potential application of intersectionality to public health.