World War I had millions of deaths but the soldiers did not want those deaths. The book All Quiet on The Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque is based around the outlook of a young soldier named Paul Baumer during World War I. The book shows all the ins and outs of what it was like as a soldier in World War I. Through the view of Paul we see an abundance of deaths. In AQotWF Erich Maria Remarque shows in war, one’s supposed enemy may not be one’s actual enemy--by using indirect characterization. In war, soldiers might find a woman that tickles their fancy. In the novel AQotWF this is shown when Paul and the boys find the group of French girls and are instantly drawn to the girls. Remarque says “I hold her arm tightly and press my lips into the palm of her hand. Her fingers close around my face. Close above me are her bewildering eyes, the soft brown of her skin and her red lips'' (Remarque 148). Paul has found himself attracted to one of the French girls and is describing the encounter. Paul is a soldier in the German army and is also getting involved with a French woman. Ironically the French and Germans are …show more content…
If he gets up to return to the trench he will be shot by the French soldiers so he is forced to wait for someone to run by so that he can stab them. Which does happen and Paul stabs a French soldier, Paul feels sorry and sad that he fatally injured the man. Remarque writes “In any case I must do it, so that if the fellows over there capture me they will see that I Wanted to help him, and so will not shoot me” (Remarque 220). Paul has found himself in a hole with a dying soldier whose injuries he is responsible for causing. Paul decides not to kill the man in case the French capture himl they will think that Paul was trying to save the soldier. Paul was supposed to show no remorse for the enemy but the soldier as human is not an actual enemy from Paul’s eyes the countries
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Paul is unable to dwell on his past because all that he is giving up will depress him. Caught in the middle of a gunfight, Paul crawls in a hole and pretends to be dead. As an enemy soldier steps in the hole, Paul stabs him with his knife and kills him. However, Paul says to the fallen soldier that he did not mean to kill him and ‘“If you jumped in here again, I would not do it, if you were sensible too” (223). Unknowing that these so called “enemies” were actually humans with families, Paul kills Gerad Duval and immediately regrets his decision.
Acting on instinct Paul stabs the soldier and in watching him die Paul begins to spiral. Remarque uses dehumanizing diction when he describes the soldier's death which shows Paul's descent from his past self. Paul describes how the only thing he felt while killing the soldier was how “the body suddenly [convulsed]” and then “ [became] limp” and “[collapsed] (216). The author's use of dehumanizing diction in this passage regarding the French soldier's murder is significant because the connotation of “body” lends itself to an unempathetic tone, enhancing the discussion on the loss of humanity because it demonstrates how Paul doesn't even think of the man he killed as a person; same as he. Remarques description of the person as a “body” makes the reader see the soldier as less than a human, how the war has impacted Paul.
Paul encounters an enemy soldier in no-man’s land and says “Why do they never tell us that you are poor devils like us, that your mothers are just as anxious as ours, and that we have the same fear of death, and the same dying and the same agony–Forgive me comrade; how could you be my enemy?” (215)Paul is starting to realize that the enemy is basically the same that they are and he is starting to question war in general. But with him witnessing Gerard Duval, it definitely starts to change his sense of perspective because Paul witnessed him die and wants to write to Duval’s Wife after realizing that he too has a family who loves him. This whole idea of questioning the war really comes into play when the Kaiser visits their army. The army realizes that the Kaiser is no more special than anyone else and that the Nationalism and propaganda they were forced into seeing made people think that the Kaiser was their supreme leader, but realistically he was just a normal man and it disappointed the soldiers.
He tries to picture what the soldier’s family and wife would have looked like and whether or not he should write back a letter. In the next quote, the French soldier has officially died. Paul props him up and talks to him, “Comrade, I did not want to kill you… I see you are a man like me” (Remarque 99). In this line, Paul apologizes to the soldier and explains that he did not mean to kill him as it was an act of protection.
Paradize Martell 05/10/2023 English 1 Mr.Schipper All Quiet on the Western Front Assessment Paul's multifaceted perspective of the war serves to develop themes of the dehumanization of soldiers and the power dynamics embedded in war, illustrating the devastating consequences of warfare on the individual soldier and their views of society. The novel “All Quiet On the Western Front'' by Enrich Maria Remarque and the documentary film “They Shall Not Grow Old; showcase the futility of war and the challenges this affects due to boundaries the human psyche must endure to survive. Moreover, the psychological toll of war acts as a conduit for its destructive force, leading to the deindividuation
Throughout the novel, Paul illustrates his compassion to his fellow recruits as the war goes on. Paul then goes on to say, “comrade, I did not want to kill you. If you jumped in here again, I would not do it, if you were sensible too” (Remarque 223). At this point
(Remarque, 121). This illustrates how war causes soldiers to lose their youth, leaving them feeling “lost” after the war has concluded. 18-year-olds get exposed to the brutality of war, which makes them mature, in turn, it robs them of their innocence. In conclusion, Erich Maria Remarque depicts Paul Baumer's experiences in the war, leading to him losing his childhood, as he is forced to deal with his experiences of
War is often romanticized as a necessary and heroic means of achieving justice and peace. However, Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front exposes the brutal reality of war and its devastating consequences. Through the experiences of the protagonist, Paul Baumer, Remarque vividly illustrates how war destroys individuals physically and mentally, leaving behind shattered souls and lost cultures. Firstly, war causes physical destruction that not only kills soldiers but also damages the environment and infrastructure. Baumer and his comrades witness the horrors of modern warfare, including the use of chemical weapons and the trenches' squalor and disease.
Erich Maria Remarque, a World War I veteran, took his own personal war experience to paper, which resulted in one of the most critically acclaimed anti-war movement novels of all time, All Quiet on the Western Front. The voice of the novel, Paul Baumer, describes his daily life as a soldier during the First World War. Through the characters he creates in the novel, Remarque addresses his own issues with the war. Specifically, Remarque brings to light the idea of the “Iron Youth,” the living conditions in the trenches, and the sense of detachment soldiers feel, among other things. Therefore, All Quiet on the Western Front criticizes the sense of nationalism, which war tends to create among citizens by quickly diminishing any belief regarding it as a glorious and courageous act.
However, when they were sent out into the midst of the war many of them realised the misconceptions they had and were led to believe. They became disillusioned as they realized that the war was much more brutal and horrific than they had previously believed. In All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Remarque effectively comments on the horrors of war from Paul’s perspective, especially when Paul comments on injuries the soldiers endure and witness by stating “We see men go on living with the top of their skulls missing; we see soldiers go on running when both their feet have been shot away…Another man…with his guts spilling out over his hands as he holds them in.” (Remarque,
Before the war Paul was innocent. He knew none of war and was just a kid who had never experienced anything bad. War can effect one in a way that can never be changed. Due to how they used to be the war has changed them so much that they will never be friendly, well-adjusted children again. Not just war has created major effects on the way people live it also somewhat belongs to the person themselves.
Throughout All Quiet on the Western Front, Paul and some of his comrades wonder why they’re fighting a war that they have no relation to. Furthermore, that doesn’t give them a sabbatical for going home, even though they aspire to go home to their families. In the book, Paul and the other soldiers are taught that the country they are fighting against is their enemy, and whenever they are to approach any of the “enemies” they are to tranquilize them promptly. Just because you are fighting against a country that you believe is atrocious or corrupt, doesn’t mean that an individual on that side is in that manner. Nevertheless, a book should not be judged by a cover.
Erich Maria Remarque was a man who had lived through the terrors of war, serving since he was eighteen. His first-hand experience shines through the text in his famous war novel, All Quiet on the Western Front, which tells the life of young Paul Bäumer as he serves during World War 1. The book was, and still is, praised to be universal. The blatant show of brutality, and the characters’ questioning of politics and their own self often reaches into the hearts of the readers, regardless of who or where they are. Brutality and images of war are abundant in this book, giving the story a feeling of reality.
Firstly, Remarque challenges the notions of bravery and honor by depicting the misfortunes Paul Bäumer and his friends faced