Associations like MADD speak about how the higher MLDA has made the roads safer, but they refuse to admit that it is not the only reason. Before the raising of the MLDA there was a statistic recorded, “Rate of accident and fatalities in the 1980’s decreased less than that of European countries whose legal drinking ages are lower than 21,”( “Drinking Age”). Previously, before the MLDA was raised, traffic incidents relating to alcohol were very scarce; America was a safe place to drive. One factor often forgotten is that, some people are irresponsible and develop bad habits. Therefore someone will always fail to abide by the rules.
As Levitt (2004) stated “those over the age of 65 experience victimization rates for serious violent crime that are less than one-tenth of those of teenagers” (p. 171) and since the young population got older, the crime followed in trend. Disagreements One of Levitt’s main four causes of the 1990s crime was the legalization of abortion in the 1970s. Levitt argued that unwanted children were at higher risk for crime and the legalization of abortion reduced the number of unwanted children. His hypothesis was brought about because “the five states that allowed abortion in 1970… experienced declines in crime rates earlier than the rest of the country” (Levitt, 2004, p. 182). His statistics are compelling, but the reasoning seems slightly irrelevant, as argued by Baumer and
Another problem with taking guns away, or banning them, is that the government cannot expect everyone to abide by the laws. In past circumstances when guns were banned, criminals were the kind of people that the government wanted to make sure did not have guns. In reality, they were always the ones who still had the guns (Lott). People can say that gun crime is a serious firearm problem, but guns are not always the exact cause of the crime. Even if the government tries to deny groups access to guns, they could still find their way around the law and gain access to one
However, these officers had difficulties pursuing bootleggers. This is because of the insufficient resources for the police that could not enable their efficient operations to keep up with adequately bankrolled organized criminal groups. Given the little payment the prohibition officers received, they could not operate as enforcement agents without being compromised. Beside the little pay when compared to other skilled workers, enforcement agents were at risk of being killed by gangs whose illegal liquor businesses were threatened by these officers. More violent forms of crime such as murder became popular in major cities with murder rate climbing 78% across the entire country (Thorntorn, 1991).
The War on Drugs also contributed massively to high incarceration rates. New York, who has mostly ended their War on Drugs, have seen incarceration numbers plummet. In Oklahoma however, drug offenders share about 30 percent of their prison population. Ending the War on Drugs will not end mass incarceration alone. The federal government and a handful of states have successfully reduced their incarcerated populations by reforming their drug policies, and these can also work with other policies as
The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration estimates that about 900 lives are saved annually due to fewer alcohol-related traffic crashes involving underage drivers. Surely, it should be a priority for the society to minimize the death toll from drunk driving. A higher Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) is effective in preventing alcohol-related deaths and injuries among teenagers and youth. When the MLDA has been lowered, injury and death rates increase, and when the MLDA is increased, death and injury rates decline (Wagenaar, 1993). In addition, a common argument among opponents of a higher MLDA is that because many minors still drink and purchase alcohol, the policy isn't working on minors.
First and foremost, banning guns will not stop criminals from obtaining and committing crimes with them. Furthermore, guns don’t kill people; people kill people. Lastly, guns prevent the government from becoming tyrannical and oppressive. At first, one may think that banning guns would be a superb solution to the growing problem of gun violence. However, doing this will not stop felons from procuring and committing gun-related crimes.
These precautions have done very little to stop the use of opiates. Quinones states, “As the opiate epidemic mangled the middle class, these kids doped up and dropped out. Earlier generations of opiate addicts became self-employed construction workers or painters, because that was all they could manage with heroin, and often jail, in their lives” (274), which is a major problem America faces when trying to solve the opiate epidemic. If we educate the states about the addiction rates and potential danger of opiates, public opinion could shift, creating alternate solutions to solving the heroin epidemic in America. In order to lower the amount of opiate addicts the stigma that used to be associated with opiate use needs to return.
Crime rates are more often than not influenced by how they are reported and in most cases, they are not reported, which leads to decline in the rate of crime. The third is the use and evolution of technology which is used by cops to prevent crime and prosecute criminals, for example, the use of CCTV cameras has helped in reduction of crime significantly as the criminals are caught red handed with video evidence. Population aging is another factor that leads to the decline of crime rate in a given society, it refers to the aging of generations. Last but not the least, the essay will be discussing the decline of the sale of drugs, laying most emphasis on cocaine and its impact on the behavior of humans, specifically in North America. The decline in crime rates is basically because of the factors stated above and their simultaneous contribution.
After several counties legalized prostitution in Nevada starting in 1971, other states contemplated whether or not they should follow. Although there are many supporters of the idea, majority of the United States have not legalized prostitution due to the possible outbreak out STD 's or violent crime. Supporters of prostitution claim that the workers would be able to pursue their career in a safe environment with screenings, background checks, and prostitutes are more likely to report violent acts made against them. Advocates for prostitution also promote that by legalizing it, public health would be improved. Although prostitution has been illegal for many years, prostitutes and other supporters are now protesting to finally make it a career.