We have designed and developed an ICU clinical decision support system (CDSS) to improve outcomes in critically ill patients by providing real-time decision support, decreasing medical errors, and minimizing life-threatening events caused by delayed or uninformed medical decisions. CDSSs are computer-aided ``active knowledge systems which use two or more items of patient data to generate case-specific advice'' and it can improve a physician's decision making performance for providing an evidence strongly . For optimal medical decision making, the CDSS needs to be data-driven, rapid, and
Development and implementation of new information technologies that allow global networking, give modern medicine the epithet of “informatical medicine”. Information technologies increasingly provide the help in system approach of solving medical problems . Disposition of the right information enables the preparation of accurate reports, for example, usage of hospital capacities, or number of occupied beds. At the same time it is easier to monitor treatment and to check the information exchange. Use of information technologies enables change of the healthcare system - how to improve public health, the healthcare of the system users, reduce costs, save time and
Abstract- Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS), with various data mining techniques being applied to assist physicians in diagnosing patient disease with similar symptoms, has received a great attention recently. The advantages of clinical decision support system include not only improving diagnosis accuracy but also reducing diagnosis time. In this paper, we have given the CDSS with some advance technologies like Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier has offered many advantages over the traditional healthcare systems and opens a new way for clinicians to predict patient’s diseases. As healthcare is the field in which Security of data related to patient diseases are needs to be more secure, for that in this paper, we have use RSA
This would not only enhance clinician performance, but it will enable the organization to provide affordable quality service to the poor and vulnerable individual. The secondly focus more on providing the data set for practitioner need. This would increase the visibility of intervention, improve patient care and enhanced data collection for the purpose of evaluating healthcare service outcome. ("Standardized Nursing Language: What Does It Mean for Nursing Practice?"
E-prescribing has been demonstrated to reduce prescribing errors in outpatient settings. In a research article titled Electronic prescribing within an electronic health record reduces ambulatory prescribing errors, a study was done to assess the effectiveness of e-prescribing within an electronic health record in preventing prescribing errors in ambulatory settings. I found this article by typing in the key words electronic prescribing in the
An important advancement in computerization and regularity of center health processes can be accredited to these requests and databases. With healthcare databases, OLTP database permits storage of data externally and in backed up systems for security to prevent loss of data. The database also enforcement of data integrity, the stored data, therefore, it becomes more consistent and precise. Finally, since the data is electronic, it can allow for quicker processing of typical transactions such as lab results, payment claims, etc. The major benefits of the OLTP databases are the quantity of data the healthcare can capture.
Kerr (2002), reports that if there is a structured handover method the quality of care is promoted and nurses will have a full understanding and knowledge about the patients. Glen (1998) also discussed the importance of having a structured handover process stating that it will lead to an development in the quality of care delivered (K. Chung, 2011). The literature review reveals bedside theme emerged from nursing handover. The current research available may not be substantial but it does indicate support from the large amount of anecdotal evidence which claims that nursing bedside handover is an effective form of handover process. Literature shows that there are paybacks in transporting out bedside handover, it proposes that bedside handover helps to put up associations amid nurses and patients’ and it also amplified patient’s satisfaction.
Electronic medical records have great promises to the American healthcare system based on increased efficiency, improved quality, reduced costs, lower readmission rates, and fewer illnesses among others. However, these systems collect and store personal information of patients as well as their medical histories over long periods. The information is sensitive and equally useful for many people and organizations including insurance companies, financial companies, fraudsters, identity thieves, and criminal thieves among others. Unauthorized access of the personal information or medical histories to these parties poses great risks to the health, life, and welfare of patients. Therefore, health organizations and practitioners should guarantee the privacy, confidentiality, and security of personal health information through compliance with HIPAA as well as installation of cyber security measures to deter unauthorized access, modification, damage, or distribution of patients
Some benefits to electronic medical health records for healthcare providers is the capability of more complete reporting that incorporates both clinical and administrative data. Pros also include operational efficiency, the capabilities to process and store data quickly, patient’s history, diagnostic test results and even medical imaging. The confidentiality is a concern when it comes to electronic health records. Identity theft can arise when unauthorized people get access to private and sensitive records. There is less communication amongst healthcare providers and the patient.
Literature Review A literature review on the effectiveness of hourly rounding suggested that if implemented correctly many aspects of patient care can be improved. This search also found several limitations and barriers, but still showing that hourly rounding is overall improving patient satisfaction, fall rates, and call light usage. According to Dyck, Thiele, Kebicz, Klassen and Erenberg (2013), fall related injuries are a huge concern for patient care and the main focus of their study. The study looked into focusing on starting hourly rounding for fall prevention. They felt there was a good opportunity to reduce fall and injury rates by initiating hourly rounds.