Matthew Desmond and Mustafa Emirbayer (2009:342) argue in the Du Bois Review that “racism is much broader than violence and epithets” and reveals itself in common, everyday microaggressions. In May 2010, a string of assaults on elderly citizens of Asian descent by black individuals transpired in the San Francisco Bay area (Shih 2010). CBS San Francisco ran a segment covering the attacks featuring an interview with a 21-year-old black man named Amanze Emenike, who had a criminal history of juvenile robbery and theft (CBS 2012). CBS uses Emenike’s history as a basis for theorizing the motives driving the black attackers in the May 2010 attacks. This news segment sheds light on troubling portrayals of black men and people of color in mass media as all being dangerous criminals, as well as the stereotypes fueling racism amongst minority groups. Throughout the interview, reporter Mike Sugerman …show more content…
By using his role to depict Emenike as a former criminal representative of all black men in the media, Sugerman commits a fixed and legalistic fallacy. This dynamic proves reminiscent of campaigns demonizing and criminalizing blacks during the reconstruction and post-reconstruction eras in Jim Crow South (Gilmore 2006:92). A legalistic fallacy assumes removing racism as a legal theory also removes it from practice (Desmond and Emirbayer 2009:343). Although Emenike has now been out of prison for some time, the systemic oppression and inherent racism towards black men, remains with him. This can be seen through Sugerman’s casual references to Emenike’s robberies when he was a juvenile as a “reign of terror” (CBS 2012). Sugerman also continually refers to Emenike’s interview as “a unique view of the high-profile Black-on Asian crime” (CBS 2012), implying a history of robbery as a black man made Emenike an expert on black
In his article, “Black Men and Public Space,” Brent Staples writes about his encounters with people during his nighttime walks in and around the city streets of Chicago and New York. He argues that, as a result of crimes committed by criminals of African American descent, people tend to quickly avoid him because they assume that he will likely mug them because of the color of his skin. Nevertheless, on the subject as to whether this article is an appropriate and good example of the reaction of others, it is quite obvious that this is a good example of the reaction of others, given how Brent Staples spent much of his time working in the city as a journalist, and that crime rates are high in inner city areas. However, despite the fact that this
Though Brent Staples writes “Black Men in Public Space” in essay form, and Toni Morrison’s “Recitatif” is a short story, both authors explore similar ideas about race, the power of racial stereotypes, and the harmful effect of them. Staples use of irony, and Morrison’s symbolic use of metaphor shows that every situation has multiple perspectives and to not look outside of one individual experience can often induce one to accept stereotypes as full truths. As Staples discusses the stereotypes attached to black males, he writes about “the alienation that comes of being ever the suspect”(2). The word suspect literally means a person thought to be guilty of a crime or offense, but here it is used in an ironic perspective. Staples really wasn’t
As a society, we have both positive and negative perceptions of people with the same or different racial and gender identities. As we strive to improve America’s tolerance, it is still common for black men to be mistakenly seen as criminals. When discussing his ability to “alter public places in ugly ways”, Brent Staples considers the impact he has on others around him. Brent Staples’ goal is to draw attention to the continuous stereotypes toward black men, who are usually represented to be stereotyped as being a threat. By explaining how these unfair ideas make black men feel, the author seeks to influence others’ perceptions of them.
EJ Brown “was inspired by a photograph he saw of Ferguson police shooting victim Michael Brown dressed in his graduation gear, and felt that the image illustrated the contrast between the perception and reality of being an African American college graduate” he used this opportunity to shed some light and positivity against the stereotypical ideas held to black individuals through the use of graduation cap and gown and a criminal slate (Neuendorf, 1). After witnessing an unarmed black male be shot in the back by a police officer on the news, Brown felt he must express his anger through art to convey his message. He felt frustration towards how the media conveyed the blame onto the victims rather than the officers who committed the killing. Through how the media represents the information,
The killings of Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, Alton Sterling, Philando Castile, and a plethora of other Black Americans have shown that the manifestation of hate and fear towards individuals of color is still deeply rooted in the American culture. Furthermore, the systematic maltreatment of groups of people in America has extended far beyond just the black community; it has become painfully clear that members of the LGBTQ, Latinx, and Islamic communities are facing a similar level of
In his essay entitled Black Men and Public Space (1987), Brent Staples talks about how people will have a common misconception on the black community by thinking that they are all mugger ,rapist or thugs. Staples supports his claim by telling the reader events/ stories that occured to him and talks about how people will assume that he is a danger to society when in reality he isnt. The authors purpose is to inform the reader that his experiences of being stereotyped is to show the reader his point of view when it comes to these types of situations. Staples writes in a formal tone for an intelligent or free minded person.
Not only is this stereotype and exclusion prevalent in primetime television, but, much more seriously, in our newspapers and television newscasts as well. Authors Steinhorn and Diggs – Brown state that “Even though most violent crimes are committed by people the same race as their victims, one 1994 study of local TV newscasts in Chicago found that the majority of perpetrators portrayed in the news were black or persons of color, while the majority of victims shown were white.” (154). This leads one to maybe see a causal effect of the wide-spread panic about black males being criminals that need to be feared and bewared whenever they are come into contact with. They also sited a different study that “found that the percentage of blacks
Using several examples, my intention is to first bring attention to the fact that black men are feared in public spaces and then demonstrate how the United States government uses fear as a form of social control of black males. Through the use of unjust laws and policies – namely the government’s role in the creation of poor black neighborhoods and their targeting black men during the war on drugs – the U.S. has been implementing racial inequality and creating stereotypes. As stereotypes about black men are created and perpetuated, innocent men are viewed as a threat and treated as
“Black Men and Public Spaces” Diagnostic Essay Brent Staples in “Black Men and Public Spaces,” illustrates the inescapable prejudices and stereotyping that African-American men face in America. He does this by relating to his audience through his personal experiences with stereotyping, and sharing his malcontent on how these events have made him alter his way of living. From “victimizing” woman, watching people lock themselves away, and having to whistle classical music to calm the nerves of people around him; Staples builds a picture to help people better sympathize and understand his frustration. Although Staples describes himself as a college graduate, a journalist, and a softy in the face of violence, he details that the overall public deems him a dangerous criminal.
The literature focused on how media a plays a big role in police brutality and how it gives both negative and positive images. “A complex relationship exists between media consumption and public attitudes towards the police” (Kenneth Dowler 2003). Rodney King was the first big police brutality issue recorded due to the up to date technology. Social media blew it up to be this big thing and the people in the surrounding areas. They pushed the issue along with having evidence.
African Americans have been struggling and fighting hate crimes since the 1860s after the Emancipation Proclamation and continue to do so today with the black lives matter and the fight against police brutality and unfair judgement. “More than fifty out of every one million black citizens was the victim of a racially motivated hate crime in 2012,” (Sreenivasan). Hispanics are also causalities in this never-ending battle of hate crime. Between 2003 and 2007 the number of cases of hate crimes jumped by 40%. Several stories and accounts of this is because of the accusation that “[the Mexicans] are taking our jobs” and “are causing
The National Post media representation of Bissonnette entitled “Alexander Bissonnette Charged with Six Counts of Murder” uses Bissonnette’s whiteness as a focus of the article through description and imagery in a way that establishes a racial hierarchy (Satzewich and Zong 1996), through which Bissonnette is partially absolved of his culpability because he belongs at the top of the hierarchy. The article focuses on elements of Bissonnette’s life that signify whiteness in order to partially absolve him of guilt in the minds of the readers, such as his accomplishments in higher education, a patriotic member of the Canadian Armed Forces (National Post 2017), and white friends and family who vouch that Bissonnette “...was not necessarily overtly racist or Islamophobic...did not suffer from any mental illness....and didn't think he was part of an organized extremist group either” (Boissonneault, National Post 2017). This implicitly puts Bissonnette at the top of the racial hierarchy and is therefore invulnerable to stigmatized forms of crime such as
In America, at the intersection of race and gender lies a deadly dance for Black men. The media frequently demonizes them. Examples include Michael Brown being described as a ‘demon’ by the officer who shot him. Other attempts at defiling Black men paint them as criminals, and innately violent. Walter’s mistake was his relationship with a white woman.
Stereotypes have the power to label someone and rob them of all their hard work or strike fear into others. One such stereotype is that of black men being more dangerous;yet, one black writer voices his opinion on such a stereotype. In the essay “Just Walk On By” by Brent Staples, Staples describes his experience of being a large black man and how it affects the people around him. From people locking their doors to pedestrians crossing the street to avoid a confrontation, people seem to be afraid of Staples just from a glance. Yet Staples does nothing to cause this fear, rather his stereotype is to blame.
American Journal of Political Science. Hurwitz and Peffley write on how stereotypes about African Americans have an effect on people’s attitudes towards crime and policy. The authors discuss the link on race and crime and how the media has a lot to do with it. This work will be helpful to my research because of the stereotype linking blacks to crime. It will support my thesis on how race is spread throughout