The English Monarch, at the time, wanted power over religion and sought total control. With this goal, practicing other religions, outside the Church of England, punishable by law. Many English wasted to continue practicing their religions, and America offered the potential to do so without the threat of English law. B. Describe the economic systems, social characteristics and political systems of the following colonies.
Religion influenced the government of the Puritans. They believed that they each had their own boundaries or power given by the Lord (Doc H). Puritans wanted the church and government to intertwine and aid one another, creating a stronger bond. In addition, the Puritan’s emphasis on religious conformity and the attainment of land for their model society led them to engage in wars with neighboring Indian tribes. For instance, William Bradford fought with Pequot tribe in the Pequot War, believing that God is the source of their victory and therefore praise him (Doc D).
They had incredible stories about their journey here in the new world, America, they had their views on conquering this land for their benefit of religion or wealth. In acknowledging both colonies I can say that the colony I would like to travel with would be Plymouth Plantation because they were more peaceful with their surroundings and the natives. They came to the new world for religious reasons, not to cause harm. They help each other when one of there crew member was ill and they also traveled as a family. Not like Jamestown, it was everyone for themselves, they had a goal to make themselves rich by planting tobacco and they were selfish about the land they were in and stealing food from the
The establishment of New France rested on their need of furs rather than agricultural settlements. Considering the small white population compared to the mass amount of Natives in North America, the French depended on good relations with Native Americans. The main person to blame the good relationship between the Natives is Samuel de Champlain, who founded the region of New France. In contrast to the usual ideals of Europeans, Champlain “insisted on religious toleration for all Christians and denied that Native Americans were intellectually or culturally inferior to Europeans,” (Foner 38). He imagined creating a civilization where people of multiple cultural backgrounds can live together peacefully.
This influenced them to look more from the New World for individual gain and did not hold as much allegiance to England as the southern colonist did. Southern pilgrims went to the New World regularly by companies promising land. For instance, if Virginia guaranteed fifty acres of land to each individual paying to go to the New World this implied that they still positively liked the English and were not leaving England to escape persecution. While their property and financial frameworks may have been awful in England they saw their voyage as a way the English government was helping them turn out more stable. Another similarity between the English provinces in the Chesapeake region and in New England is the connections they had with Native Americans.
Christian missionaries have participated in imperialist domination of the Native Americans and Asians, in the past, by imposing cultural changes on native populations in the name of religion. They have succeeded in removing their cultural identities. The technological disparity between the new world and the old world allowed for the west to gain a distinct psychological advantage over the new world. Most of the European missionaries during the colonial era were Catholic. That was partly because two Catholic countries, Spain and Portugal, took the lead in exploration.
Although the natives lead different lives than the stereotypical Christian American citizen, it does not give the United States government the right to strip them of their homeland and resources. The aborigines have a vast set of lore that many of are unaware of. It is wrong of Jackson to assume that one must be Christian in order to be civilized. Jackson claims that the natives, upon settling westward, will have access to countless benefits provided by the government. However, disregarding the natives’ religion, culture, and way of life does exactly the opposite.
However, many Spanish friars realized that what their people were doing was wrong. They believed that the natives deserved to be free and have the same rights as everyone else. After many confrontations, the crown passed laws that granted the natives their freedom, and both the Spanish and Indios learned to live in harmony, as long as the natives converted to the Catholic faith. You can still see how the Spanish and Native American culture
But, tension and clashes do not mean antagonism. The British indeed took advantage of the fissures that were already present in the Indian society and attempted to create antagonism. During the British colonial rule, religion was never the only reason for the communal issues in India or the tensions between Hindus and Muslims, but also, favouritism and communal elections and economic status, which were in a way or another aggravated by the British. We can say that there is indeed some truth in what Sir S.A Khan said. Hindus and Muslims could not sit on the same throne at that time but they would the least want the British to sit on the throne and rule over
One cannot help but ask how did the settlers have the right to occupy lands that original belonged to the Indians let alone conduct war there? War was simply used as a subterfuge for plundering wealth and gold and bringing it back to Europe. “The Indians were the legitimate possessors of their lands, and one could not morally wage war on them if they refused to be converted”. Between 1524- Franciscan missionaries started to arrive and thanks to them, much of the Indians history has been preserved. (Peter J
Since 1492, Spain recognized Christianity as its official religion because there was no distinction between Catholicism and Protestantism. Most of the Spanish population practiced Christianity due to Jews being banished and Muslims being converted. In 1517, the Protestant Reformation divided the Christian religion half - into Catholicism and Protestantism. Spain supported the Catholic religion, and they saw the New World as an opportunity to convert others to Catholicism. They believed that religion gave them the right to conquer new land, because they “came to serve God and to get rich, as all men wish to do,” which Bernal Diaz del Castillo said while working with Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico.
Both colonies the Colony at Plymouth and the Colony at Jamestown had rough conditions in surviving. The colony at Plymouth was more of the American Dream in my opinion. My reason is because they’re based off of religion instead of money and stuff like the colony at Jamestown. Many reasons i have but the first reason is with keeping religion first is the most important thing. The second reason is that money doesn’t just bring happiness ,and money was all the colony at Jamestown cared for.
After Spain laid claim to the New World in 1492, all subsequent Spanish social and economic relations with indigenous people were constrained by Royal Decree. Spain’s agenda for settlement and exploitation was undertaken primarily by priests, military men, and officials – not private individuals acting on their own. Their goals were to reap maximum economic, military, and spiritual benefit from a minimal investment of personnel and resources. Spain wished to establish an idealistic, pluralistic empire that reaped glory for the nobles who received commissions as field commanders and governors, jobs and opportunities for the Spanish middle class, riches for the Crown, and souls for the church. Accordingly, Spanish administrators established
446). This shift in attitude was a representation for how Europeans would approach the Pacific people. Unlike the Spaniards who were “Wedded to Catholic absolutism” (Taylor pg. 476). The British in particular were not seeking to save souls or to enlighten the people of the pacific, they were looking to create trade and profits.
Freedom to Prosecute Religion Colonial America is often thought of as a safe haven from religious persecution. Future colonists had been persecuted for not accepting their countries ' religious doctrine and were willing to travel long distances in search of religious freedom. Religious freedom would still be far from grasp as Puritans would continue their homelands traditions of persecution for many more years. Puritans, unlike the Pilgrims (who sought to completely separate from the Church of England), wanted to purify the Church. As followers of John Calvin, they believed that God was all powerful and completely sovereign.