While thinking of some of the greatest settlements in history, England and Spain colonies should come to mind. Due to their dedication and slightly forceful determination to form their own rather small communities, they created a huge establishment in the Americas that will later influence other countries. Although the colonies were rarely influenced by each other, they both faced issues with many external factors. Both Spain and England encountered conflict between colonists and Native Americans, but England was more welcoming to religious differences while Spain strictly converted settlers to be Catholics.
1) Compare and contrast the French and Spanish experiences in the New World. a. As the Spanish empire spread over the southern portion of the present-day United States, the mission was developed to colonial development and to convert the Indians. More importantly the Spanish were there to get gold and other riches. On the other hand French wanted to increase trade. They traded textiles, weapons, and metal goods.
The colonists in the New World had an interesting relationship with their neighbors, the Native Americans. When the New World was first discovered, many people from different lands immigrated there to start a new life. Sadly, when they settled there, they were intruding on land that was already populated by the natives. This caused many conflicts between the colonists and their new neighbors, this may be due to the differences in culture and tradition. The most well-known colonist groups in the New World at the time, were the English and Spanish.
Seeking religious freedom, more land and more raw materials, the Pilgrims from England set on a voyage to a new world. Arriving to a land already inhabited by Native Americans, the pilgrims were unwelcomed. Overcoming the differences and finding peace between each group, the Natives helped the Englanders prosper. The inference people can assume is from the numerous times Native Americans are mentioned in early American history such as “Of Plymouth Plantation” and “The Constitution of the Iroquois Nations” that the foundation of America began with the help of Natives. The Constitution of the Iroquois Nations was an inspiration for the American constitution.
Both France and Spain explored and colonized North America in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to increase their wealth and convert native Indians to Catholicism, but comparing the reasons for expanding into certain areas, the relationships with native Indians, and the methods to increase population will highlight the similarities and differences of the methods used by each to achieve colonization in North America. To begin with, Spain gains a new level of wealth and power through the acquisition of large amounts of silver in Zacatecas and Potosi, but this new wealth creates the desire for more and the need to protect the silver. The Spanish expand northward into North America in search of more gold and silver, and follow
The English demanded more of the Indians resources. Raleigh planned to exploit the Indians and use them as laborers. In 1586 the colonists attacked the Indian villages. With little hope of future exploitation of the Indians the colonists returned to England. And in 1587 Raleigh arranged for John White to to return to America in another attempt to establish a colony.
As the world of global exploration and colonization grew, many powerful European empires set out to see what the New World had in store for them. Each empire had their own individual agendas and incentives for colonization. This led to the many differences between methods of colonization and exploration in every colony and region. The Atlantic World portrayed these contrasts between the Spanish, French, Dutch and British empires. However, the British settlements along the Eastern seaboard differed the most from those of other empires because there were no established policies or methods in British colonization, which led to differences in the economics and culture of each colony depending on who settled it.
This ideal way of life clashed with the worldview of Europeans. Early European colonizers believed that because Native Americans were not using the vast amount of land which included forest to maximize their profits, then they were justified for colonizing North American land. This settlement led to the enslavement of people, worldwide distribution of diseases, and transfer of goods that shaped America to what it is today.
Differences Between the Spanish and the New England colonies in the New World. New Spain was controlled by spain, and covered from the bottom of South America to what is now the Southern United States. New England was a collection of a few different English colonies and took up what is the modern day Northeast United States. Even though the Spanish and English colonies were colonies of powerful European countries, the colonies developed very differently. The Spanish colonies and the New England colonies were significantly different in the their roles of religion, economic bases, and their treatment of indigenous people.
Expansionism in America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century shared many similarities and differences to that of previous American ideals. In both cases of American expansionism, Americans used the theory of manifest destiny to justify their conquests for new territory. Later, Social Darwinism was added to the mix, which made Americans even more big-headed. Both of these theories caused Americans to believe that the United States was superior to other nations and that all lands were theirs for the taking. However, there were also many differences between the two expansionist periods because some people supported imperialism while others were highly opposed to the idea.
Native Americans and Africans were spiritual people. Native Americans and African believed in different gods compared to the monotheistic Europeans. Both Native Americans and Africans believed that spirits were present in everything, including natural objects. This led them to treat nature with a great deal of respect. Europeans, on the other hand, believed that nature was to be exploited.
In the 16th Century, Spain became one of the European forces to reckon with. To expand even further globally, Spanish conquistadors were sent abroad to discover lands, riches, and North America and its civilizations. When the Spanish and Native American groups met one another, they judged each other, as they were both unfamiliar with the people that stood before them. The Native American and Spanish views and opinions of one another are more similar than different because when meeting and getting to know each other, neither the Spaniards nor the Native Americans saw the other group of people as human. Both groups of people thought of one another as barbaric monsters and were confused and amazed by each other’s cultures. But, even though both
Although both authors seemed to have similar concepts of the organization of slavery, what they did both strongly acknowledge was that slavery made the majority of the economic output from the Atlantic Trade System, which helped develop colonies that desperately needed a steady supply of ready made products and natural resources. Without that mass amount of imported slaves and their labor, America would not have developed at the pace it did. (Klein, 104)
The European countries founded colonies in the Americas because they could buy cheap resources from their colonies, the colonies would serve as captive markets, and they could collect taxes from the colonists. Colonies were only allowed to trade resources with their mother country and their mother country wanted to buy resources as cheaply as possible. This meant that the colonists had to sell resources to their mother country at low prices even if they could sell their resources for more elsewhere. After buying resources from their colonies, the mother country would make refined goods to sell back to their colonies at a high price with a large profit. The colony would have to buy the goods from their mother country because they could not buy from anyone else, thus creating captive markets. Lastly, the mother country could collect taxes from the colonists to make money because they did not have to provide anything to the colonists. For example, England taxed its colonies but it did not have to provide anything to them, such as representation in government.
The Spanish and American War: The war began in 1898. There was conflict between Spain and the United States. The war started when Cuba wanted to become an independent country and did not want to be ruled by Spain no more. The Cubans rebelled against Spain and Spain tried to stop the rebellion as fast as they could. The United States got into the when the USS Maine was unexplainably sunk down into the ocean.