The Civil rights movement was a long and hard fight for freedom in our nation. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the many people who devoted themselves and fought for the movement. He did it in hope to make the world a better place. Outraged and indignant, Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham city jail” addresses the events that took place in the name of freedom. Martin Luther King Jr. reflects on the events, through his use of tone, rhetorical appeals, and rhetorical tools.
Additionally, Dr. King describes the problem that is still present at his time. He mentions back to the documents when the country starts a new government. In the Declaration of Independence it states that all men are created equal. That would include African Americans, but according to Dr. King’s speech it says, “One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacle of segregation and the chains of discrimination” (Dream 3). The blacks were promised freedom, yet they are not as equal as the whites. Once Dr. King mentions this, the audience can easily see that he is right. Now that the audience understands, they can escape from the blind side and develop solutions to the problem. Some might say that Lincoln
One of the criticisms faced by MLK, is that although his demands for justice are made in a peaceful manner, will provoke violence in others. It is claimed that there is irony in this statement, that peaceful actions can lead to violence. However, we must observe the truth in the statement made by the people of Birmingham. Anarchy, by definition, is a state of disorder in which there is a lack of authority or a complete disregard of it. In Martin Luther King's act of civil disobedience, he is disregarding the authority that is the law in Birmingham.
Civil rights activists such as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had protested for civil rights throughout the most segregated places within the united states of America (at the time). Typically, Dr. King and other civil rights activists were arrested through breaking some unjust law in a moral and humane manner. Dr. King’s arrest in Birmingham CIty, Alabama, was one such famous event, as within the confines of Jail he responded to the bigoted arguments against civil rights. Dr. King achieved this through employing the rhetorical strategies of logical reasoning, appeal to emotion, & anaphora.
Inequality and racism have always been present in the history of America. Many people battle these injustices through different forms, such as writing, speaking, or protesting. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Frederick Douglass are both experienced in writing and speaking against certain injustices. In Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter From a Birmingham Jail,” as well as in Frederick Douglass’s “What to the Slave, is the Fourth of July?” they claim that injustice and inequality must be combatted in order for everyone to be free and equal.
He as well emphasizes the importance of the demonstration in moral and historical grounds. In this letter, King explains the importance and the planning of the Birmingham demonstration. King illustrates this when he faces the criticism of his demonstrations as “unwise and untimely” (King 1). He shares key features to his anti-violence movement: “determining whether injustices exist, negotiation, self-purification, and direct action” (King 1).
Martin Luther King wanted to spark emotion in both the African American and white audience. He wanted to spark the emotion in the African American for them to join the non-violence movement. Dr. King said, “but there is a type of constructive nonviolent tension that is necessary for growth” to bring emotion in fellow African American to the growth of racial equality. He wanted to spark the emotion in the White community to lessening the aggressiveness by giving insight on the everyday life of the African American. In paragraph 10 he quotes, “But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize, and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity”.
The 1963 March on Washington is arguably the most notable event of the cutting edge civil rights movement. More than 250,000 people from across America came together in Washington D.C. in a peaceful demonstration with the hope of bringing an end to racial segregation within the educational system, as well as help to create job equality as well as the freedom of African-Americans as a whole. The march played a pivotal role in the growing fight for civil rights, no more so than that of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech. It was a discourse of hope and determination, and it typified the message the marchers declared of racial equality and a conviction that Black and White Americans could live respectively in peace. This essay will
Peaceful resistance to laws positively affect a free society. Throughout history, there have been multiple cases of both violent and peaceful protests. However, the peaceful protests are the ones that tend to stick with a society and are the ones that change the society for the better. In April 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter about just and unjust laws while he was in Birmingham jail for peacefully protesting. King came to Birmingham because "injustice is here".
Perhaps its most notable appearances were by Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. King stated in his famous letter from Birmingham Jail that he was there “because injustice is here” and that he would sit in there if it meant defending what was right. Over the course of his life, King was jailed 29 times for offenses relating to his peaceful protests, but kept protesting nonetheless because he knew he was right in his actions and was willing to make others listen even if that meant taking the consequences. Rosa Parks took a similar mindset a few years prior when she stated, “You must never be fearful about what you are doing when it is right” about her willingness to be jailed for her cause. It is looking at amazing figures like these who have broadcasted the practice of civil disobedience for the world to see, not with their words, but with their actions, that give justification to peaceful resistance in the face of authority.
As Oscar Wilde said, “ It is through disobedience that progress has been made-- disobedience and rebellion.” Disobedience during the American Revolution was originally peaceful, but as grievances grew and British rule became harsher, Americans could no longer sit idly by. Radical disobedience to the law was necessary in order to promote change for American society. During the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s, a drastic nonviolent movement was necessary to counteract the expectation of violence, reiterating to Americans that peaceful resistance to laws can positively affect a free society. The Civil Rights movement was split by two factions: one was a violent resistance named The Black Panthers and the other was a nonviolent protest led by Martin Luther King Jr.
King wrote a compelling defense of his nonviolent campaign and incited a rallying cry to the end of social injustice. His work in this letter was just as powerful and relevant as it is today, decades later. To determine whether or not the title of this work fits its message, one must first examine what it is that landed King in Birmingham jail. He states that he went to Birmingham in the first place, because, simply put, there is injustice there.
Martin Luther King Jr., a minister and social activist, led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. He was an advocate for equality between all races and a civil and economic rights Activist. Because of his leadership, bravery and sacrifice to make the world a better place, Martin Luther King was awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize. His incredible public speaking skills and ability to properly get his message across can clearly be scene throughout the speech.
Martin Luther King Jr. in his fight for civil rights, then transitions to compare and contrast between violence and nonviolence. With the use of very explicit sentences, he declares that the use of nonviolence is superior and more powerful than its counterpart. While violence leads to “injuries and perhaps death on both sides” and could end in “total demoralization of the workers,” nonviolence “supports … a just and moral cause” and “is of crucial importance to win any contest.” His portrayal of injury and death as a result of the use of violent tactics combined with the wholesomeness of nonviolence encourages the reader to support Chavez’s claim that nonviolence is a superior form of protest. To gain credibility, Chavez establishes the idea that violence is detrimental to everyone involved, regardless of one’s position on civil rights or whether they are the perpetrator or the victim of this violence.
The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King is the G.O.A.T. He is the Greatest Of All Time when it comes to writing and delivering speeches. King has earned this title of G.O.A.T. because of how he can take a social group and mold them into a certain image to maximize the reaction of his words. In his speeches, King is very wise because he knew the best way to have his message remembered and push forward the civil rights movement was to get an emotional response. An emotional connection to a movement would result in more support and effort for the movement. As a result, in his speech “The Eulogy for the Martyred Children”, King took the social group of the 4 young girls who were murdered in the Birmingham church bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in 1963, and portrayed them as perfect and very young people so he could use them as a catalyst to expand the civil rights movement.