Explain The Key Changes Brought About By The Enlightenment

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The Enlightenment was a period of great intellectual and cultural change that took place in Europe and the Americas during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. It was characterized by a new way of thinking about the world that was based on reason, science, and individualism, and it challenged the traditional ideas of authority and religion that had dominated the pre-modern era. One of the key changes brought about by the Enlightenment was the shift from a feudal and religious-based society to one that was more democratic and secular. This change was driven by a number of factors, including the rise of a new merchant class, the growth of cities and trade, and the influence of the printing press. These factors allowed for the spread of new ideas and the growth of a literate, educated population that was receptive to new ways of thinking. The Enlightenment also saw a shift in the way people understood the world. The traditional view of the world as being ordered and controlled by divine beings was challenged by the new scientific and philosophical ideas of the time. This led to a new understanding of the natural world that was based on reason, observation, and experimentation. This new way of thinking led to significant advances in fields such as physics, astronomy, and biology, and it provided the foundation for the development of modern science. …show more content…

The ideas of individualism and liberty that were central to the Enlightenment challenged the authority of the state and the Church, and encouraged people to think for themselves and question established institutions. This led to the development of new political and social theories, such as those put forward by Hobbes, Locke, and de Grouchy. These thinkers believed that the state should protect individual rights and liberties, and that individuals should have the freedom to pursue their own interests and

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