In the United States, about one in six children between the ages of three and seventeen have one or more developmental disabilities. With such a high rate one must wonder what causes these problems to happen to so many children. The point of this paper is to show how things children go through at home affect the way they develop. From looking at where a child lives, their parents, and whether they have experienced abuse, it is clear that a child's home life can affect their development in many ways. There are four types of development, physical, cognitive, emotional, and social. Physical development is the growth of gross and fine motor, skills. Gross motor skills are walking, running, throwing, and crawling. Fine motor skills are writing, …show more content…
What a child sees can affect them in many ways. Exposure to interparental violence has been associated with the tendencies to worry in children. Consequently, children's anxiety is also affected by interparental violence and conflict. Additionally, interparental violence has been, linked to both internalizing and externalizing problems(Kelley 1025). Internalizing problems are negative behaviors and low self-esteem. Externalizing problems are disobeying rules, physical aggression, and threatening others. As a result of constant interparental violence, a child's coping ability may be, depleted, which, can result in physiological problems(Kelley 1025) And over time, the more these children are exposed to this violence, their ability to regulate feelings of, fear and worry, is weakened causing them to be, more vulnerable to internalizing problems. However, the children who are better able to maintain these feelings are more likely to experience internalizing problems(Kelley 1026). Witnessing parental violence affects a child's …show more content…
It isn't always easy to notice emotional abuse because there are not any physical signs as there are in physical abuse. But, like physical abuse, hyperactivity, depression, and PTSD is seen, in emotional abuse. But there are other consequences of emotional abuse, as well. And even though it's hard to determine a direct cause and effect, of abuse, these are some of the most seen, consequences for children who have reported being emotional abuse. Some of these consequences include insecurities, suicidal behaviors, self-harm, distorted view of self, and impaired social development(Frederico 346). Emotional abuse can easily go undetected, but it still has very harmful effects on child
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Throughout his childhood, he was subjected to physical, emotional, and verbal abuse (Pelzer 12). The book provides a harrowing account of the multiple forms of child abuse and the impact it can have on a child's life. According to the Child Welfare Information Gateway, child abuse is defined as any act or failure to act that results in non-accidental harm or threat of harm to a child (5). The impact of child abuse can vary from child to child, but it can cause severe emotional, psychological, and physical damage (Child Welfare Information Gateway 8).
Emotional abuse as a child can cause aggressive and violent behavior throughout their life, no matter how old they are. Physical abuse as a child can cause periods of apathy where the victim is apathetic for a period of time. These are obvious explanations
H. (2010). Intimate Partner Violence. Pediatrics in Review / American Academy of Pediatrics, 31(4), 145–150. http://doi.org/10.1542/pir.31-4-145 Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory.
While the effects of abuse can be severe and long-lasting, children who have been abused or exposed to violence can and go on to have healthy and productive childhood and adult lives. Research has found that children exposed to violence, abuse, left unaddressed, or are ignored are at an increased risk of having emotional and/or behavioral problems in the future. Children who are abused may not be able to express their feelings safely and as a result, may develop difficulties regulating their emotions. In their adult, they may continue to develop a struggle with their feelings, and this may lead to depression or anxiety. Direct effects include: depression, anxiety, dissociation, difficulty concentrating, problems with learning, difficulty connecting with others, flashbacks, Increased hyper-vigilance, and difficulty sleeping.
In the article “ The Developmental Impact of Child Abuse on Adulthood: Implications for Counselors,” Adultspan Journal explains the multiple effects of child abuse. The authors April Sikes and Dancia Hays explain how child abuse has an extremely negative effect on children as they transition into adulthood. These effects can be physical, social, and even mental. Being treated badly as a child increases the risks in social development. Some examples of this are substance abuse, criminal behavior, violence, and risky sexual behavior.
The effects on children who are age five and older are a little different than those who are under the age of 5 and may affect areas involving psychological, social, physical, behavioral, and learning. The psychological effects of domestic violence include separation anxiety, low self-esteem, distress, PTSD and suicidal thoughts or attempts. The social effects may include aggressive play, isolation and bullying. The physical effects include bed-wetting and enuresis, hunger, and sickness. The behavioral effects may include extreme outbursts, poor attention and poor concentration.
" of children witness such acts, and many of these children are physically abused. Children who are exposed to violence often evidence difficulties, including violent behav- ior, as adults. One hypothesized mode of intergenerational transmission is modeling. There is evidence that witnessing and/or experiencing violence are rela"
Then this could lead to the possibilities of emotionally abuse them also. Most emotionally abused children usually make negative comments about themselves or even some that may impersonate the abuser, like the child calling themselves the names the abuser may call them. Anxiety also falls under the emotionally abused category as mentioned earlier. With the anxiety part, they often feel as if they are always doing wrong. The children tend to always feel worried or always nervous when it comes to doing something.
Home should be the fisrt place where the child feels comfortable because he is surrounded by his family. This is catastrophic for a family. Violence causes also many troubles and, in the article named “Children’s exposure too violence”. To describe how bad impacts of violence on children are, it is mentioned that “Children who are exposed to violence are more likely to suffer from attachment problems, regressive behavior, anxiety, and depression, and to have
The combination of these sources along with the book lead me to understand that childhood abuse has many negative effects that can impact someone emotionally and physically for life, even causing disease. Questioning what negative effects could happen from child abuse began when I read The Elegance of the Hedgehog by Muriel Barbery. The book is about the internal struggles of two extraordinarily intelligent women. Renee’s a poor concierge who works at a rich apartment building. Despite being a part of the lower class, Renee is very intelligent.
So when a child is witnessing such type of behavior, it can and usually does, have many consequences emotionally, mentally, and physically. For instance, children can become emotionally abused by being verbally abused, having hurtful comments directed to them,
It may include constant criticism, threats or rejection, as well as withholding love, support or guidance. Emotional abuse is often difficult to prove and, therefore, Child Protective services may not be able to intervene without clear evidence of harm to the child(Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect. (n.d.).). Psychological.
Over the past decade, increasing research has been conducted on the prevalence of and the outcomes associated with children exposed to domestic violence (Kitzmann, Gaylord, Holt & Kenny, 2003). Children exposed to domestic violence may experience higher rates of externalizing and internalizing behaviors than their peers. The negative consequences of experiencing domestic violence have been observed from infancy to adolescents and in males and females (Evans, Davies & DiLillo, 2008). State laws regarding children’s exposure to domestic violence vary. Several states have no specific statues addressing this population (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families, 2012).
The last type of child abuse is psychological. A study involving 60 children was done that looked at the following things. These things include parents that decline, disregard and are violent their children. For decline this includes things like screaming at, scolding, saying they are not smart, showing no affection, controlling their childs choices and making fun of. The children were asked to rate things in these categories as happens to them or does not happen to them.
Additionally, children may be aware of the tension in the home such as the victim’s fearfulness when the abuser is present. As a result, domestic violence can have a detrimental impact on children’s psychological, emotional, social and physical well-being, especially in habitual cases of domestic