The article, "Woman Wanted in Shooting Death of Her 90-Year-Old Mother May Be in L.A., Police Say" written by Veronica Rocha, was published in the Los Angeles Times on March 18, 2016. The suspect, Alicia "Lisa" Osibin, a Bay Area woman killed her 90- year-old mother and disposing of her body in a trash can is wanted by the authorities. Osibin is believed to be in the Los Angeles and possibly could have changed her name and appearance. According to the El Cerrito police, Osibin is approximately 5 feet 8 and a heavy set woman who could have altered her appearance to "a more masculine look." She is considered "armed and dangerous" and may be using the name of A. Callico or Alex Callico. On November 27, 2015, the El Cerrito police received information about the disappearance of Mary Osibin. Neighbors stated
Domestic violence has attracted much attention of the sociologists in India since the decades of 1980s. Violence affects the lives of millions of women, worldwide, in all socio- economic and educational classes. It cuts across cultural and religious barriers, impending the right of women to participate fully in society. Domestic violence occurs in all cultures; people of all societies and classes. In earlier times, violence against women was a result of the prevalent atmosphere of ignorance and feudalism. Today violence against women is an uncontrollable phenomenon, which is a direct result of the rapid urbanization, industrialization and structural adjustment programs which are changing the socio-economic scenario of our country.
To better understand the cause of intimate violence will help to come up will help come up with a better solution on solving this problem. There are various theories that have come up to explain the main causes of domestic violence, some include; learned helplessness theory, Intergenerational Transmission Theory, Social–Psychological Model and the feminist theory. All of these theories have tried to illustrate the causes of domestic violence. In this paper, I will target my writing on the feminist theory where it emphasizes power and gender inequalities in relationships. The theory focuses on how societal messages that makes it alright for a male to use aggression and violence, and the gender roles that dictate how women and men should act in their relationships
Another explanation of criminal behaviour is demonstrated by the social learning theory. Socialisation can take many forms, including friends, family, media and influences in a person's life, such as school and religion (Bordens & Horowitz, 2002). The social learning theory suggests that it is through these influences that aggression can stem from. Bandura (1961) suggested that aggressive behaviour is learned in either one of 2 ways; by direct experience which is based on operant conditioning or by vicarious (indirect) experience which is based on observational learning. This was demonstrated in Bandura’s 'Bobo Doll Study' which involved male and female participants from 3 to 5 years old with half the participants exposed to aggressive models interacting with a life-sized inflatable Bobo doll whilst the other half were exposed to models with no aggression. Children in the aggressive condition repeated most of the physical and verbal aggressive behaviour whereas children in the non-aggressive showed virtually no aggression. The findings support the Social Learning theory as the aggressive behaviour displayed came directly from watching an aggressive model (Bandura,
What a child sees can affect them in many ways. Exposure to interparental violence has been associated with the tendencies to worry in children. Consequently, children's anxiety is also affected by interparental violence and conflict. Additionally, interparental violence has been, linked to both internalizing and externalizing problems(Kelley 1025). Internalizing problems are negative behaviors and low self-esteem. Externalizing problems are disobeying rules, physical aggression, and threatening others. As a result of constant interparental violence, a child's coping ability may be, depleted, which, can result in physiological problems(Kelley 1025) And over time, the more these children are exposed to this violence, their ability to regulate feelings of, fear and worry, is weakened causing them to be, more vulnerable to internalizing problems. However, the children who are better able to maintain these feelings are more likely to experience internalizing problems(Kelley 1026). Witnessing parental violence affects a child's
The official statistics can be used to educate about the prevalence and immorality of committing domestic abuse crimes. As the message continues to resonate through society that violence is unacceptable, younger generations are more likely to mature without considering physical abuse as an option to relieve anger. (Mouzos and Makkai, 2004) Men who supported gender equality showed far lower levels of violence than those who believed in the ‘traditional gender roles’. Likewise, women who were more ‘traditional’ were also less likely to report incidents of domestic violence. (Morgan and Chadwick, 2009) General knowledge about the benefits of feminism and gender equality could possibly lead to an increase of social disapproval. High school education related to violence could help reduce an aggressive mindset when it comes to aggravation, and in turn could decrease instances of violence towards partners, peers and strangers. (Mouzos and Makkai,
Psychological, emotional, and mental abuse which are linked together, the abuser uses emotional abuse to wither away their partners self-esteem and reduce their confidence to increase their reliant on the abuser. Tactics such as criticism, intimidation, isolating them from their family and friends to gain control over them(Lwa,2018).
Intimate partner violence has been analyzed using many different means over the last 20 years. Social learning theory has stronger data to support it as way of understanding why people commit intimate partner violence. The longitudinal method is more accurate than the cross-sectional method at shows what factors more likely causes a person to perpetrate intimate partner violence. The police over arrest for intimate partner violence which is why the court practice of prosecutorial decision making is important for filtering out cases that should not be tried. Due to the research from social learning theory, the longitudinal method of data collecting, and the use of prosecutorial decision making the rates of intimate partner violence have decreased
The results from this study show that it is imperative that parents practice positive parenting and children not be exposed to situations where violence or abuse take places because these can cause profound effects on children psychologically, whether it is dealing with stress, coping with trauma, perceiving threats, hyperarousal, avoidance, fear, security, interpersonal relationships, and negative self-attributions. All of these things can follow and often do follow children into adulthood. Also, children may repeat the same cycle they experienced with their own
" of children witness such acts, and many of these children are physically abused. Children who are exposed to violence often evidence difficulties, including violent behav- ior, as adults. One hypothesized mode of intergenerational transmission is modeling. There is evidence that witnessing and/or experiencing violence are rela"
Aggression is a spoken or physical behavior that causes intentional harm to a person. There are many different theories that argue what the cause of aggression is but this can be divided into two major types: people who think that aggression is inborn and those that view it as a learning behavior. The Social cognitive theory states that we learn behaviors through observation and modeling and this could be implied that we learn aggressive behaviors through observing and imitating others.
with power and wealth and men are seeking more of an identity. Violence is the most common
An average American family experiences some level of violence from time to time, in which children are actual witnesses or participants. Hence, children are exposed to various forms of violence ranging from domestic, gang, sexual, peer and street variance. The frequency of exposure to this violence goes a long way in deforming a child’s perception to everyday life and further manifests in their behavior. The questions which could provide answers to children and adolescent behavior include but are not exhaustive: Does the child have an abusive parent or relative who beats them? Is a family member or role model figure in a gang? How many times have they been threatened of being harmed? How many times have they witnessed one person being violent toward another? Life experiences of children of abusive parents commonly include regular mauling for flimsy issues and living in constant fear, not knowing whether their actions are right or wrong. This leads to a life of disbelief in themselves, which leads to the further confusion and distraction of their personality. They become afraid to express their own ideas, stand up for themselves, and defend their point of view because life has taught them that all decisions end in being punished by some form of violence. Hence, they start coming home with bad grades which further leads to extra mauling and at that point they may be
This essay discusses how the family is viewed by two different sociological perspectives- functionalism and conflict theory. Firstly, ‘family’ is defined. Secondly, the main ideas of functionalism will be discussed followed by how this theory perceives the family. The main ideas of Conflict Theory will then be examined and how conflict theorists perceive the family.
Each year three hundred thousand to six hundred thousand children are victims of child abuse. Of those children forty percent of those victims are five years old or younger (Berger, G. ). Not everyone has the same opinions about child discipline. On one side of the debate are those people, mostly parents, who feel that any kind of violence, including a slap on the hand or spanking, is harmful (Berger, G.). Parents on the other side of the debate however feel that strict discipline - up to and including corporal punishment such as beating - is necessary to prevent children from growing up “spoiled” (Berger, G.). A 2014 survey showed that a majority of parents say they approve spanking their children. For he past two decades these numbers have