In 1770 France was built of 3 estates. The first two estate were the privileged estates. They had access to high officials. The first estate was formed by the Roman Catholic Church. They owned 10 percent of the land in France. The second estate was made up of rich nobles. The nobles owned 20 percent of the land in France and paid almost no taxes. The third estate was about 90 percent of the people in France. The third estate laked privileges they had to pay high taxes. They felt that their wealth entitled them to a great degree of social states. There was three groups in the third estate. The peasants formed the largest group. There was more than 80 percent of France's 26 million people. They resented the first and second estates. The French Revolution started in 1789. It started because the third estate wanted equality, Liberty, and democracy. It happened and in Paris France. At the time Louis the 16th was the ruler of France. In 1993 Robespierre became leader of the committee of public safety. He governed France virtually as dictator and that period became known as The Reign Of Terror. …show more content…
In document C it says “ The counter revolutions include some members of the aristocracy, priests, farmers, and townspeople”. Many people were against the revolution because they wanted to keep the power. I'm October 1793 revolutionaries decided to make an example of counter revolutionaries in Lyons. One day Revolutionaries destroyed about 1600 homes and chopped off 12 heads in five minutes. Vendee was the hub of the counter revolution. They fought against the military draft called the levee en mass and against laws that tried to abolish Christianity in France. There was between 80,000 and 500,000 French people on both sides dead in the vendee in
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The militaristic inclination of France during the late 18th and early 19th century was the culmination of the idealism of the newly adopted French political system, and the abrupt character of French people's motivation to implement these ideals. As discontent with the despotic system of government in France increased in magnitude and scale, the will to fight in order to achieve equality became gained momentum. Factors such as the rapid spread of enlightenment ideals, the socio-economic inequity of the three estate system, and leaders’ utilization of French citizens’ new sense of justice to incite warfare, all come together to create an militaristic, imperial French nation. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, enacted July of 1789, provided the foundation
In France during the French Revolution in 1787 to 1799 there were many struggles between the government and its people. King Louis xiv ruled under absolute monarchy and divine right, his actions angered the third estate sparking a revolution. The revolution lead to many changes and views in the world that stand even today. In the economy with the taxing of France it only effected the third estate, the first and third estate weren’t touched by the government.
The French Revolution started in 1789 and was ended in the late 1790s. The Revolution was driven by the French people's desire to redesign their country's corrupt and unjust Government. This thinking was brought up by the new ideals that the Enlightenment had created. To achieve this new Government, the people of Paris formed a coup d'etat against King Louis the Sixteenth. During the coup King Louis was beheaded by the Guillotine, thus starting what is known as “The Reign of Terror”.
Taxes were a huge problem during the French Revolution, many had unequal problems. The third estate had very little land and payed more taxes. (Document 2) Third estate was the middle class, peasants, and city workers they were the ones that made 97% of the people and owned 65% of the land. The first and second estate owned more than the third estate.
80,000 Austrian and Prussian armies were marching towards France to end the revolution (Doc C). It is true that the French forces stopped them at the Battle of Valmy in 1792, a year before the Reign of Terror (Doc C). But the goals of the revolution was to spread the new ideas of liberty, equality, and male suffrage (the right to vote) across Europe. In 1791, Austria and Prussia officially expressed their support for the French monarchy (Doc B). Furthermore, France faced internal threats in the Western region of Vendee, where emigres or nobles conspired against the young republic.
Would people be willing to sacrifice their daily lives for the sake of change, or will they cower in fear for eternity? Christopher columbus discovered America in the year 1492. This discovery paved the way for the colonization of America over the years ;however, the descendants of those who managed to survive the harsh winters were unhappy with the conditions they were living under. During the 1700s, the American revolution started to emerge due to many of the problems that they faced under the rule of the King of England which eventually lead to a revolt known as the American Revolution.
The French Revolution was caused by the French government’s inability to unite their people as one nation and address the people’s demand for reformation of unjust taxation and citizen equality causing uprisings and revolts among middle and lower class people. The French government was already unstable after their assistance in the United States with their fight for independence, which put France in tremendous debt. Since the nobles and the clergymen were favored by the government, taxes were forced upon the Third Estate resulting in even more unrest. All citizens were not equal under the law, and the government was too occupied by their financial situation to focus on fixing the inequality and lack of representation among their own citizens.
The French Revolution occurred due to the curtailing of the estates’ rights under King Louis XIV, who attempted to rule as an absolute autocrat and was later executed for this. The Enlightenment made it permissible for people to speak and question the rights of the time. After the Enlightenment, social rights, religious rights, and gender rights were expanded and advanced. Document one speaks of natural rights that extends to all of humanity with natural rights being any right that doesn’t hurt another, “You have the most sacred natural right to everything that is not disputed by the rest of the species.” By being a natural right, it couldn’t be denied to anyone, no matter gender, race, or time period.
Marie and Louis both thought that the clergy was vital in maintaining order so the clergy received support from the government (Durant 82). The clergy also received exemptions from taxes that the Third Estate was forced to pay and while they were not paying those taxes they were collecting tithes and income from the population (Durant 82). Furthermore, the clergy also collected feudal dues from the Third Estate for all the land that the Church owned which made up about a fifth of the soil in France (Durant 82). All of this inequality between the Third Estate and the clergy fostered an extreme discontent with the social hierarchy that existed in France in
How revolutionary was the French Revolution? Did the Revolution simply replace the old ruling elite with a new bourgeois one? What were the major effects on different groups of people, including nobles, priests, peasants, urban workers, slaves, and women? This essay will address the French Revolution and the degree to which it can be aptly described as “revolutionary.” How revolutionary was the French Revolution? Was the storming of the Bastille, the destruction of feudalism, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of a fundamental and radical and revolutionary nature, or, alternatively, simply a series of historical events that results in the supplanting of one authoritarian regime for another and at great cost in
During the Eighteenth Century, France had an absolute monarchy with Louis XVI as king and Marie Antoinette as queen. In that time period, French society was based upon a system of Estates where the clergy made up the First Estate; the nobility comprised the Second Estate, and everyone else including professionals, peasants, and the bourgeoisie made up the Third Estate. The Third Estate was immensely unhappy with the old regime, the Estates General, and Louis XVI’s leadership. France was also in the midst of a fiscal crisis due to the American Revolution, Louis XVI’s lavish lifestyle, the Seven Years War, and the tax exemption of the First and Second Estate. Following the surge of new ideas and impactful philosophers from the Enlightenment,
On the other hand, in France, members of the Third Estate led a revolt against the monarchy in hopes that by overthrowing the monarchy, they would be granted a constitution and a new assembly would be created with delegates of the Third Estate. Although the radicals were successful and a National Assembly was created, there were still problems. The worsening economic issues had not been solved and many citizens did not gain any rights. When the Revolution took a radical turn in 1792, the French Republic was formed. Finally, in 1799, after the end of the Reign of Terror in which the monarchy and its allies were executed, the French Revolution came to an end, with Napoleon gaining power over France.
Overall, the French Revolution occured because of horrendous treatment of the third estate. Unfair taxation, an obvious bias towards the upper classes, and an inadequacy of change for the better was what caused it to happen. Unfortunately, a vast amount of lives were lost to this hopeless
The French Revolution was one of the most significant wars that changed France’s history. The Revolution started in 1789 and ended in 1799 and was mainly initiated by the conditions affecting the Third Estate. Louis XVI was predominately the king during this time period but little did he know that an uprising among the peasants was happening. The French Revolution was caused by the Enlightenment ideas because of the American Revolution, the knowledge of rights, and the questioning of France’s government. The American Revolution was basically the “fire” that ignited the change the Third Estate wanted to see in their country.
1st Estate (Clergy) French society was broken down into 3 social classes (called estates) First estate made up the church The clergy: was a law passed on 12 July 1790 during the French Revolution, that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government. Clergy: owned 10% of all land in France, and they are only 1% of the population from France!!