Harlem Renaissance Movement

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The 20th century can be fairly considered as the most important period in the history of African American people because it is just the time when racism discrimination was overcome. For many years before the beginning of the struggle for rights of African-American people, there was a legal system based on white supremacy. African Americans didn't have a real opportunity to vote. Segregation was spread everywhere: black people were not allowed to take seats in public transport which belonged to whites, they could not attend universities and schools for white people, it was even forbidden to drink from the same drinking fountains. Many shops and stores, cafes and restaurants refused service African Americans and treated them as inferior people.…show more content…
They believed in themselves and assisted to political organizations of that time – “National Association for the Advancement of Colored People”
The period of Harlem Renaissance ended suddenly. The main reason for it was the Great Depression in 1929-1939s and African-American were just unready for such sharp social and economic changes, because they paid their attention to their culture and intellectual development. Inspite of being ended, the Harlem Renaissanse continued to impact on social and political development of African-American people.
Not all black people supported an idea of social integration. For a long time before events of 1950-60s, in 1920s, the active struggler for black people’s rights Marcus Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association. In his speech and beliefs he highlighted the racial purity and even offered to move all African-American people to Africa to avoid
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This organization standed for armed resistance to social agression for the benefit of African-American Jistice. In 1967 the party created “Ten Points Program” which contained the main goals and beliefs of the Movement. It had two divisions: “What We Want Now” and “What We Believe”. In the course of time the goals and philosophy radically changed and in 1972 the documents was rewrited. The leaders of the party were socialists, followers of Che Guevara, while the rank-and-file members did not share this point of view. Under such conditions, the reachment of ideologial consensus was impossible. Some of members overted against their leaders. In 1969 large-scale operation was held by police and 28 leaders were killed and hundreds of rank and file members were
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