Civil Disobedience and Manifest Destiny? What is Civil Disobedience exactly? Well in 1849, an American Author by the name of Henry David Thoreau wrote an inspiring piece of literature stating the injustice and unruliness of the governments ways and how America was being run. In the essay that he wrote, he states “I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government,” (Henry David Thoreau). What he means is that he’s not asking for there not to be a government, but for there to be a better one.
Near the beginning of his renowned essay, "Civil Disobedience," Henry David Thoreau appeals to his fellow citizens when he says, "...I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government. " This request serves as a starting point from which the rest of "Civil Disobedience" emerges. Thoreau 's essay is particularly compelling because of its incorporation of rhetorical strategies, including the use of logos, ethos, pathos, purposive discourse, rhetorical competence and identification. I will demonstrate how each of these rhetorical techniques benefit Thoreau 's persuasive argument. Thoreau uses logos throughout his essay to strengthen his argument with reasoning.
In the writing "Civil Obedience" by Henry David Thoreau, I can see the depth he goes into trying to explain how America's government should respect us as much as we respect them. He uses very descriptive words that make me understand where he is coming from. The idea of this writing was to make all of America agree with him and stand up to the government. Thoreau states, "I do not care to trace the course of my dollar, if I could, till it buys a man or a musket to shoot one with — the dollar is innocent — but I am concerned to trace the effects of my allegiance". I feel like in this, he shows how he doesn't necessarily care about the past of the government, or what has happened, rather what will happen.
Banneker Writes to thomas jefferson about the wrongs of slavery. HIs purpose is to argue against slavery. Banneker does this by using an appeal to logic to prove how slavery is illogical, diction to show the cruelty of slavery, and parallelism to show that they are like the white men who wanted their freedom as well. Banneker shows how illogical slavery is to help create an argument against it. He pulls in the Declaration of INdependence, which Thomas Jefferson wrote, it says “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal…” (lines 21-25).
Another famous essay Thoreau’s is Civil Disobedience. Civil Disobedience was published in 1849. In this essay he talks about his belief on how individuals shouldn’t blindly follow the government if they thought the rules and laws are unjust. This was partly motivated by Thoreau’s hatred towards slavery and the government support of it. Thoreau thought we would be better without the government as he mentions in the first paragraph of Civil Disobedience, “that government is the best which governs not at all.”
Without human rights, people are open to oppression from others. If a democracy allows for people to be oppressed then the whole reason for creating a government would be pointless. Human rights are codified in the laws of a society. Further those same laws represent the morals of the society since the majority of a society will want its beliefs to be expressed in the laws.
Jefferson 's outlining of the Declaration of Independence follows Aristotle 's philosophy of disagreement (in his Rhetoric), particularly, invention, by utilizing three types of argument; ethos, pathos, logos. Jefferson demonstrates his illustration that the American colonies have no choice but the dispersed from Great Britain. The principle of ethos is to show to the reader that the author is a rational individual and is therefore trustworthy. Jefferson does this very proficiently in the first line of the Declaration when he proclaims to the world that the Declaration is created out of admiration for those who must judge the rightness or wrongness of the colonies ' choice to break with Great Britain.
Jean Jacques Rousseau was born on 28 June 1712 in Geneva and died on 2 July 1778 In France. He was a French Philosopher and a writer. Rousseau prefer direct democracy as the best form of government. Laws are system of rules that are created and enforced by governmental institutions to regulate people’s behavior so that they will not take advantage and harm others or even themselves. Rousseau claims that “Man is essentially good in the state of nature” and complete freedom can only be achieved when man is not connected with the society.
It is less controversial removing the lines about God “a government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed” and emphasis our roles as citizens; “I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies. ”(Source B) And if people feel strongly about the racist and xenophobic origins that the Pledge was written in the context of, they can vote against it (Source D and F). As one author claims, “The pledge reveals the central, humiliating lie of American life – this country has not earned its loyalty, not from everyone, and thus demands it.” I agree that blind recitation is bad, but the Pledge reminds many people who we
Represented by Alexander Hamlton, they favored the constitution and were against the bill of rights. The Anti-Federalists feared/preferred a weak central government. They were represented by Thomas Jefferson, they favored the articles of confederation and were for the bill of rights. The warnings from the Anti-Federalists about the constitution were right. They warned the Federalists about the consequences of undelegated power becoming abused.
In document E (John Cotton, “Limitation of Government”), the author says that the power of the government should be limited, and that God should have the ultimate power, not men. This reinforces the idea that puritans followed biblical law and based their society on religious ideas because the author of the document even states that religious figures should limit their authority and only do things that will benefit the people. Additionally, in document D (William Bradford), it’s shown that the puritans are not very tolerant of others. The document was written after the colonists attacked a Pequot river village during the Pequot war. The document’s intended audience is to the puritans of Connecticut, who were at war with the Pequot Indians.
“A Bill of Rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth, general or particular, and what no just government should refuse”--- Thomas Jefferson December 20, 1787. The founders believed that the bill of rights was written to give the people a document that stated their individual liberties. Furthermore, they felt that it was extremely important that the government went by exactly what was stated in the documents. In regards to the general welfare and security, the government has the bargain with the Founding Fathers on the importance of the individual liberties guaranteed in the Bill of Rights in many ways.
James Madison, founding father and fourth president of United States wrote the federalists paper number 10 in favor of the constitution. He believes that constitution is the only way to keep balance and control any problem this country faces. He uses faction as an example and talks about how it can cause problems but most importantly how to deal with the problems. He defines faction as groups of people who came together to promote their own interests and opinions. He said that these groups take advantage of the public and violate their rights.
One idea from Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience that can be applied to life and society today is the prospect of not allowing Government to have absolute control in your life, and don’t let it manipulate you. Thoreau wrote Civil Disobedience while being imprisoned for something he viewed as incorrect. Whilst in prison, he unloaded his resentment to the government into this story. He encourages everyone to have their own sets of views, and regardless of what the Government says is true or not, stick to your personal views. In a quote from Civil Disobedience, Thoreau says, “Let every man make known what kind of government would command his respect…”