Rosa Parks was an African American woman who disobeyed an order to give up her seat to a white man on the bus. She would then be dragged off the bus and was fined. This is the first well-known time that a black person had violated the segregation laws. Rosa’s brother had asked Martin Luther King Jr. to help with the boycott. He agreed and then he warned other ministers about the boycott.
However, once the former Union had moved out of the South and Reconstruction was done, the former confederacy had gone back to having its own governments and leaders. This led to all the former social changes being destroyed because now the former Union wasn’t using the military to protect the rights of freedmen. This led to a new era called the Jim Crow era which started in 1877 and lasted until the 1960s when the Civil Rights movement had taken
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended all state and local laws involving segregation. It has only been 54 years since segregation in the United states was legal. Until about 50 years ago the laws did not protect everyone as a whole; black and white people were not considered equal and were separated from each other. This included racial segregation in schools, restaurants, cafes, bathrooms, hotels/motels, on buses and trains. The modern Civil Rights movement began in the 1950s when Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white man on a segregated bus.
Martin Luther King Jr. His most famous act was the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955. He did this because Rosa Parks was kicked off a bus after she had a long day of work. The reason she was kicked off was because she refused to move from her seat for a white man. Because of that, Martin Luther King Jr led a boycott.
The film At the River I Stand was a very interesting film that went back to the civil rights movement and told the dream that Martin Luther King had and how his dream has come a long way. This film took place in 1968 in Memphis, TN. It focused on how African Americans were excluded out and were paid low wages and worked in poor working conditions. Not only did they go on strike to gain equality, but they also wanted to stand up for what’s right. Being though Martin Luther King was assassinated during this film, African Americans started more riots all over the country to fight for justice.
To save the blacks from never getting equal rights Douglass, a father of the abolitionist society joined the fight of the civil rights fight for equal rights and in his cost Douglass escaped from slavery. Years passed with Covey beating him, until Frederick fought back, and soon he gave up. He knew Covey being faint would give him the chance to escape. He would soon end the civil rights movement. Frederick Douglass, known as the father of civil rights, was an abolitionist anti slavery writer who played a very big part in the civil rights movement of 1854 to 1868.
This lead to black codes which were laws passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 in the United States after the American civil war with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans’ freedom ,and of compelling them to work in the labor economy based on low wages or debts. On February 3, 1870 the 15th Amendment granted African Americans the right to vote. Blacks were scared of the Ku Klux Klan, which used violence, such as lynchings to scare African Americans from voting. This was a hate group in the southern U.S. who was active for several years after the civil war, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of black people and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent
African Americans protested non-violent wars, but were not lucky enough at that time. Second, leaders like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr. Andrew Goodman, Malcolm X and many others fought like a lion but without violence. Rosa Parks took a stand on a bus, instead of giving her seat up like she was “supposed” to she sat their protesting.
Douglass claimed that although slavery was abolished, blacks were living under a different kind of slavery after the Civil war. Discrimination and racism was prominent and there were few laws enforced. “So long as discriminatory laws ensured defacto white control over Southern blacks, then ‘slavery by yet another name’ persisted. ‘Slavery is not abolished,’ he contended, ‘until the black man has the ballot’ with which to defend his interests and freedom.” (Howard-Pitney 485).
The decade of the 1960s is remembered as one of the most turbulent times of Americanhistory. The decade, from riots to assassinations, was filled with violent disorder and confusion. Even with opposition and disagreement all over the United States, some movements took apeaceful, nonviolent approach with one of the most well-known and successful being the CivilRights Movement. The African American Civil Rights movement was a nonviolent fight for equal rights forAfrican Americans after years of mistreatment and segregation. The ultimate goal of themovement was to gain the rights of an American citizen.
In 1866, The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), which existed in almost every southern state, were established to resist the republican party 's policies establishing equality for the black people. The KKK 's primary goal was to reestablish white supremacy. They did this by democratic legislative victories. At first the Klan held rallies, marches, and parades, denouncing immigrants, Catholics, Jews, blacks, and organized labor. After the Civil rights Movement in 1960, their focus was more specifically towards black people and white activists, including bombing of black school and churches.
Trough out the 1960, the goal for racial became priority for many Afro-Americans who suffer from segregation or also called Jim Crow. After the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision in 1896, all Afro-Americans will need to obey the law that stated separation of facilities or known as “separate but equal”. Since the 1900s, association like the NAACP fought for the equality in education, politics and economy in America between the races, in 1960 the nonviolent propaganda became a way to stop the segregation and start living as the constitution stated, with equality and freedom (Document 1). In 1954 the famous Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education the NAACP and Thurgood Marshall won against segregation when there was a concern about
A catalyst in the Civil Rights Movement. Alongside of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks led the black community closer to Justice. Parks refused to sacrifice her seat to a white man in 1955, on a Montgomery city bus. This was not the first time Rosa battled with the same bus driver about the placement of her seat. When approaching the bus she proceeded to paid her fare and find her seat on the bus.
“Moral courage is more a rare commodity than bravery in a battle or great intelligence.” stated John F Kennedy. Moral courage is somebody who sacrificed their life or put their own life in danger to help somebody else or help millions of people. Rosa Parks is an example of somebody who showed moral courage. The Montgomery bus boycott would never had happened if it wasn't for Rosa Parks showing courage and standing up for what she believes in. Rosa Parks showed moral courage by standing up against racism when she refused to move to the back of the bus during segregation in the United States during the mid-twentieth century.
Rosa Parks was a Civil Rights activist before she was arrested for the bus boycott. She was actually preparing for a major youth conference with the NAACP when the arrest happened. Rosa was a very brave girl in her personal life, during the incident, and even after it was all started. She hugely impacted America by standing up for not only herself, but others as well. Rosa Parks was born and raised in Tuskegee, Alabama February 4, 1913 by her parents Leona Edwards McCauley and James McCauley.