Atticus said to Jem one day, ‘I’d rather you shot at tin cans in the back yard, but I know you’ll go after birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.’ That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it. ‘Your father’s right,’ she said. ‘Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us.
Atticus is portrayed as an exceptional father in Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mocking Bird. An exemplary father is someone who is a role model. Being a paternal figure is important because as a parent, you should guide your children to live a healthy life. During Tom Robinson’s trial, people expressed hatred towards African Americans because he was accused of raping a white young lady named Mayella. Due to this event, Scout was surrounded by people using the n word.
Courage is the mental strength that is needed to overcome a fear or difficulty. Throughout the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, the author, Harper Lee, displays courage in the character Boo Radley. Boo is a recluse that never steps foot outside of the Radley house; the town considers him a malevolent phantom, and there are many rumors about what he spends his life doing. For much of the novel, Jem and Scout are curious to meet this obscure character. Boo gains curiosity as a result of watching Jem and Scout, and eventually, he has to surmount his shyness to help them.
At first, Jem was easily startled. After he went through the consequence he changed into a more patient person, but he still wasn’t sorry for destroying Ms. Dubose’s bushes. In Maycomb there is a house where an interesting family called the Radleys lives in. Scout and Jem are both afraid of the Radleys house because of Boo Radley. Rumors say that most crimes are done by him, mostly nocturnal events like mutilated chickens and pets.
Contrary to Mr. Arthur Radley, also known as Boo, being considered the mockingbird of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, it is Mr. Tom Robinson who is the true mockingbird of the novel. Atticus Finch says to his children, “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird,” (Lee, p. 98). Atticus tells his children this because a mockingbird does not do any harm to you, but the mockingbird brings songs and joys, consequently is a sin if one were to take it away. Tom Robinson fits the role as the mockingbird that Atticus provides for his children. With this symbolism of Tom Robinson and a mockingbird in place, the use of symbolism in the novel is a literary masterpiece, with compelling and accurate relationships between characters, animals, and symbols.
The author of To Kill A Mockingbird Harper Lee had wrote Atticus to say “...it is a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (Lee 103). He said this to Scout and Jem because mockingbirds give nothing but music for the world to enjoy and it would be cruel and uncalled for to take their life. The reason Lee wrote this is because the story has a few metaphorical mockingbirds. In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, Atticus Finch, Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are all metaphorically portrayed as mockingbirds because of their good deeds and pure hearts, such as the birds. Mr. Atticus Finch has been proven multiple times in the story that he is a good hearted gentleman that only wishes to do the right thing.
Jem and Scout are also bugged at school, for example Cecil Jacob’s makes fun of Atticus for defending Tom. “He announced in the school-yard the day before that Scout Finch’s daddy defended negros.” (85) Atticus and his children are affected by this for the majority of the story, and it is what sparks Bob Ewell’s revenge of trying to kill Jem and Scout. Prejudice is common with them, as people like Cecil Jacobs and Bob Ewell just assume Atticus choose to take the Tom Robinson case, however he is simply doing his job as a lawyer to defend them whether he thinks they are guilty or
He was certainly never cruel to animals, but I had never known his charity to embrace the insect world.” (Chapter 25) She began to see some new parts of Jem, which made she think Jem considering too much like a girl. However, she was going to see more. Atticus said to Jem one day, “I’d rather you shot at tin cans in the back yard, but I know you’ll go after birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” (Chapter 10) It was the first time Harper Lee put a “sin” of doing something. Mockingbirds are whom Atticus are defending for, not only Tom Robinson, but also people in town who are the same innocent as the insect Scout has been asked
Mockingbirds are an important symbol because they represent goodness and innocence. In this book, Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are two innocent men, similar to mockingbirds, who get taken advantage of due to their innocence. Atticus and Miss Maudie teach Scout and Jem that it’s a sin to harm anything innocent by using the example of mockingbirds. Mockingbirds are innocent because they only positively affect people through their singing. Scout and Jem have just received air guns from Atticus for Christmas, and they are learning what they’re not allowed to shoot at.
When the Finches and Heck Tate learn that Jem likely stabbed and killed their neighbor, Bob Ewell, after he assaulted Jem and his sister, Scout. Heck tried to convince Atticus he should play it off as if Bob accidentally stabbed himself, but Atticus believed, “‘Heck, it’s mighty kind of you and I know you’re doing it from that good heart of yours, but don’t start anything like that’” (Lee 365). He believes that the law should be fully respected and wanted to set the example for his kids that there are no excuses to be made for something so serious. Another way Atticus teaches this to his children is when a man named Tom Robinson, who was convicted under a false rape accusation, was shot dead in prison for trying to escape. Even though it is terrible news for everyone, Atticus believes “‘What was one Negro, more or less, among two hundred of ‘em?
Atticus and Mr. Tate knew that Boo would be killed if the town found out that he had killed Bob Ewell, and so they agreed that Mr. Ewell fell on his knife. When Atticus asked Scout if she understood the situation, she said “...Mr. Tate was right... it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird, wouldn’t it?” (Lee, p. 276). Scout plainly said that Boo Radley is a mockingbird and the events in the story prove it to be true. To kill a mockingbird is to kill one’s innocence and although there were other “mockingbirds” in the book, Jem Finch and Boo Radley were definitely important ones. Their innocence was killed by the evil in the world around them and that’s what makes them mockingbirds.
Frequent events happen throughout the book that reveals how evil humanity can be. One of the biggest ones is that Tom Robinson, although much evidence proved otherwise, was proven guilty on the basis of no evidence. Another one is when Bob Ewell tries to kill Jem and Scout. Proof that Scout learns this in the first place can be found at the end of chapter 26, when Scout asks Jem is it’s ok to persecute anyone at all,also exhibiting that Scout is really thinking about the hypocrisy shown at the time, as they could so easily victimize Hitler for doing something they themselves are also committing. To conclude, Scout truly matures in many ways, learning many new things along the path of maturity.
Boo also closely relates to Tom, because Tom gets killed even though he did not rape Mayella, and Mr. Heck Tate protects Boo from the publicity of a court trial for killing Bob Ewell in defense. Atticus tells Scout and Jem when they get guns, “‘Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird’”(Lee 119). Tom Robinson and Boo are as innocent as the mockingbirds. At the end of the book, as Scout leaves Boo’s porch, she understands what it’s like to stand in someone else’s shoes. Scout knows what the real evil in the world is, just like Atticus says.
“Atticus says, I’d rather you shot at tin cans in the back yard, but I know you’ll go after birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” (Lee 119). The quote means that Atticus would want the children to shoot any other bird except for the mockingbird because this type of bird does nothing to
“Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t nest in corncribs, they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” (Lee 93). This bird symbolizes of an innocent man. Children of Mr. Finch desired to kill the bird in a harmless neighbor Arthur Radley, from who they did the imagination monster.