Critical Analysis: “Declaration and Remonstrance” Preceding the events unfolded in Nathaniel Bacon’s Rebellion, William Berkeley released a strong statement, Declaration and Remonstrance, in the hopes of persuading the public to not start a revolt. In this essay, I compare the contradicting points of both Nathaniel Bacon’s Bacon’s Manifesto and William Berkeley’s Declaration and Remonstrance with a focus on how Berkeley thoroughly combats arguments made by Bacon. The 1670s proved to be a critical time for colonial America; tensions with Native Indians were beginning to boil, the British Empire was being heavily criticized by the colony’s citizens (Hollitz 25), and William Berkeley, governor of Virginia, was under fear of a revolt of indentured servants brought upon by his cousin, Nathaniel Bacon.
The collapse of the consensus era of American scholarship in the 1960s and the rise of cultural historians in the subsequent decades began a revitalized interest in early America’s legal system. The 1970s also marked the end of the intellectual historian’s dominance. The works of “giants” such as Bernard Bailyn and Edmund Morgan were gateways into the present era of the historical field. These authors, and many like them, took advantage of scores of new data and sources being uncovered from seventeenth century Virginia, to question many aspects of traditional scholarship. Bailyn, in “Politics and Social Structure in Virginia,” breaks with the norm of existing scholarship by examining Virginia’s seventeenth century political system from a non-institutional
Following the American victory against Britain in the American Revolution, the Americans found themselves in need of a new government that would not repeat the mistakes of their oppressors, and their answer could only be found in a compromise between two brilliant but conflicting ideas. Fifty-Five men all gathered to represent each of the states except Rhode Island, with one goal in mind; to make a new, functional government that would not oppress or burden the people of their nation in any way. Two main ideas were proposed, The Virginia plan and a plan created by William Paterson. These two plans conflicted in many ways and caused heated debates among the state representatives.
As the English tried to remake New Netherland into New York and the French attempted to transform New France, Maryland and Virginia experienced drastic changes. These contributed to, and were accelerated by, Bacon’s Rebellion a complex set of events in 1675–1676 that involved war between colonists and Indians as well as a civil war in which whites of every social rank and enslaved Africans joined to topple Virginia’s governor. By the early 1680s, Virginia resembled Barbados. It too had become a society dependent on slavery and founded on the principle of white supremacy. Bacon’s Rebellion remade Virginia’s borders and its politics.
The culture of the Jamestown colony is shaped by disease, war, and racism, however, their economy grew successful enough to support their colony social and economically. George Percy’s A Discourse on the Plantation of Virginia describes the hardships, disease, war, and misery, that they faced at Jamestown. Percy describes the disease the most he said that the diseases would leave the colonists with swelling fevers and overall misery. These challenges made it difficult to start a successful colony but after faced they make the colonists stronger. Richard Frethorne’s letter to his mother and father describes the war, disease, and work conditions on the plantations and colonies in Virginia.
Historians know very few details about the development of society in Virginia during the first half of the seventeenth century, particularly after the termination of the Virginia Company in 1624. The typical characterizations of a society were for the most part absent in the early settlements of Virginia. There were no strong religious bonds, contractual foundations, or nuclear families. James R. Perry’s The Formation of a Society on Virginia 's Eastern Shore, 1615-1655 examines the extent to which social unity characterized the people who settled across the Chesapeake Bay from James City during the first generation after the fall of the Virginia Company though an analysis that focuses on individuals, the interactions between the individuals, and the connections that formed as a result of the bonds. Through the network analysis and information obtained from surviving county court books, Perry contends that settlement was methodical and the local societies that developed demonstrated an interconnection sufficient to sustaining
Heratio Gates was Born on July 26, 1727, in Maldon, England (Kline). in 1745, he obtained a military commission with financial help from his parents, and political support from the Duke of Bolton. When he reached the age of 22, he joined the British army and fought at Halifax, Nova Scotia for the protection of Edward Cornwallis until 1750.In 1754, Gates rose to the position of captain and fought during the French and Indian War. (Scythes). When the word reached Gates of the outbreak of war, he rushed to Mount Vernon and offered his services to Washington.
The colony of Virginia wasn’t always efficient in the growth and trade of tobacco. To understand the role tobacco played in the development of the economy and society of the once destitute colony, we first must look back at how Virginia was established. Although not considered to be a part of the founding of Virginia, before 1607 there were two attempts made by English settlers to establish a colony in the Chesapeake region of North America. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth first of her name, a charter was granted to English settlers that would allow for colonies to be established
Throughout history cultures have clashed many times. Whether it be because of land, industrialization, or race people have always found reasons to disagree with one another. John Smith’s writing “The General History of Virginia” shows a dominant culture coming in contact with a less developed culture, dehumanizing them and uplifted John Smith in order to take control of the people. Smith, an influential member of society and founder of Jamestown, wrote his text in 1624, seventeen years after the events had occurred. He is also known to have embellished his story to make himself appear more substantial.
We, as colonists, have just exited a time of strife and conflict that has not been paralleled so far in our New World. The followers of Nathaniel Bacon have assaulted native villages, causing the death of an untold amount of men women and children, not bringing into account the starvation sure to follow once winter descends on the land. While many of the settlers do not approve of this drastic action, it has shown us the corruption in the Virginian government that must be addressed. In Bacon’s “The Declaration of the People”, he points out that our governor is guilty of “having wronged his Majesties prerogative and interest, by assuming Monopoly of the Beaver trade” .
Despite the common origin of all English colonists, each family and individual had a unique reason to migrate to the colonies across the sea. One reason was the religious turmoil that had enveloped England since King Henry VIII changed the national religion to cater to his divorce. Some members of the Puritan church, called separatists, wanted to leave England and start a purer church elsewhere with less focus on material goods. A different, opposing reason to settle was to search for minerals or to farm a cash crop to get rich due to the Mercantilist system that was beginning in some European countries, including England. These contradictory reasons, including societal structure, motivation, and attitude to colonize contributed to the extremely
The events that led up to Thomas Jefferson writing the Declaration of Independence was a peculiar set of circumstances when compared to other rebelling nations around the world. On the surface, the evidence for social discontent seem to be lacking. The colonists were not in a state of economic crisis, nor were the colonists seeking a national identity. What would cause the general population in the colonies to go from being proud English subjects to unanimously declaring their independence from the British Empire? What influenced Thomas Jefferson in his writing the Declaration of Independence can be attested to the colonists feeling unfairly taxed, unscrupulously watched over and ignored in their attempts to address these issues.
George Washington played an important role in the development of the United States. Washington was one of the founding fathers of the United States. He was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was the oldest of six children. In 1743, Washington’s father died and shortly after his death Washington moved in to live with his half-brother, Lawrence.