No jury in this part of the world 's going to say 'We think you 're guilty, but not very ' on a charge like that. It was either a straight acquittal or nothing" (Lee 219). After reading this in the novel the quote really shows that if a white man and a black man both commit the same crime almost a certain chance the black man will get accused wrongly first before the white man will ever be. This quote changed the point of view on many characters in To Kill A Mockingbird. It changed the view of Tom Robinson
Bob Ewell depicts the stereotypical white supremacist, Atticus on the other hand chooses his morals over the society’s expectations. When brought the case of Tom Robinson, an alleged black rapist, any lawyer in Maycomb would’ve immediately denied Tom. Atticus chose to defend him, even though he knew he had no chance of winning. He told Scout that he must argue it to uphold his sense of justice and respect, Atticus knew Tom deserved someone to fight for him. This all ties in with what Atticus told Scout,“Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it.
The motif of the mockingbird ultimately means innocence. After Radley rescues her, Scout realizes that he is, symbolically, a mockingbird. He is revealed as a friend of the Finches, who, when needed most, appeared and helped them. Atticus’ belief in the letter of the law causes him to advocate for a trial of Jem for the killing Mr. Ewell. However, Jem did not kill him and is innocent.
More importantly, however, Boo was the mysterious figure who saved the Finch children from Bob Ewell’s attack. Because the children did not understand Boo until the end of the story, the way they treated him was based on fear and the stereotypes they learned from the others in the town. Other significant examples of misunderstanding in the book come during the trial of Tom Robinson. After Bob Ewell finds his daughter, Mayella, kissing a black man, Tom Robinson, Mr. Ewell severely beats his daughter and accuses Tom of raping and beating her. Although it is physically impossible for Tom to have attacked Mayella, he is convicted of the crime.
Harper Lee uses Tom Robinson and his trial to show his innocence being destroyed by racial prejudice. Tom Robinson is an innocent black male blamed for raping the daughter of Mr. Ewell. Atticus proves that Tom is innocent but, the jury rejects his claim because of his skin color.
Then almost immediately after Alex contradicts himself by thinking “ In my book and the blind eyes of justice, the fact that a man had it coming doesn’t make killing him right “ (Patterson 194). This shows Alex’s true opinion in that he believes that killing a man who was clueless doesn’t make it right. It also shows he thinks everyone is innocent until proven guilty just like most cops are caught not and that he believes only courts can issue punishment not some group of vigilante
Lee shows many examples of people being courageous throughout the book, like when Atticus protects Tom. The lynching mob shows up to kill Tom even though they didn’t have any evidence that proved he was guilty of raping Mayella Ewell, but Atticus protects him. Boo Radley saves Jem and Scout when Bob Ewell tries to kill them, even though there are many rumors and lies about him. Atticus also steps up again to defend Tom in court even though his own sister disapproves of his actions and thinks that their family is too good for Tom. Over and over again there are scenarios where people have to have to be courageous, people have to face being alone, and being different, courage is standing by yourself while everyone around you judges based on the decision you made to do what is believed to be the right
Although Boo Radley is a mystery in the community, he is the reason behind many of the life lessons Scout learns. Atticus tells Scout and Jem the day they go shooting their guns “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” Though this sounds like advice a parent might give their young children. I believe it was a direct reference to Boo Radley in hopes to teach them a lesson. Boo Radley was an innocent and harmless man accused of crimes he didn’t commit. Like Miss Maudie's definition of the mockingbird ",they don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy.” (Lee, 119).
He believes strongly in his ability to judge the character of the informants. This comes into play when others question his judgement of Abigail and the girls from the woods. Danforth has a great deal of authority over the verdict of the accused, he has the power to judge them as not guilty. Danforth being the primary judge means he could have admitted to his foolishness and told the community that the accused people were not witches, and it would have made the townspeople believe that there was no witch problem in Salem at all. Danforth is too concerned with his reputation to admit that his judgement, at first, was clouded.
Not only did the attorney use no real evidence to support his case towards Jefferson but the attorney also was not confident in his case. In one part of the court scenes Jefferson’s attorney states “He is innocent from all charges against him. But let’s just say he was not. Let us for a moment say he was not. What justice would there be to take this life?” ( Gaines pg: 8) This is a perfect example on how the attorney believes Jefferson is guilty in his case because in the end he gave the jury a mental image for a moment to vision Jefferson being guilty and then comparing the relationship on whether it matters to keep this man alive or not.
Today, people are innocent until proven guilty. For the people accused it was hard to find evidence that proved their innocence so they remained guilty. Also, he did not allow a lawyer for the people that were accused of witchcraft. He expected them to be able to defend themselves when most of them did not
In Harper Lee’s, To Kill a Mockingbird, it is shown that when people view justice through the eyes of society, true justice no longer exists. Despite all of Atticus’ effort to prove Tom’s innocence, he is declared guilty and sent to prison. During his trial, it eventually becomes apparent that Tom is innocent, but the entire trial was never actually about who the real convict was because, to society, it all came down to White v. Black. Atticus recognized this, and sadly found that even hoping for the innocent Tom Robinson to go free was a lost cause. He had known, from the beginning, what side society had chosen: race over true justice.
How can we be all so blinded to the obvious truth and talk about justice when the court favours the ones who point their fingers? Evidence was provided time after time by good honest noble men like Giles Corey and John Proctor. They spoke out, just like the girls had but the difference is that the honest ones are locked in a filthy jail cell rotting away while the girls are seen as God’s fingers. The justice of this court will not be served until we all reconsider the beginning of this witch trial. I came into this town with pride and joy with the thought that my expertise in the invisible world is a blessing on Earth.
Then he gets stuck at the window and almost can’t get out, but then he goes down the porch pillar into shrubbery and is safe. “The men of Maycomb, in all degrees of dress and undress, took furniture from Miss Maudie’s house to a yard across the street…Then Mr. Avery’s face appeared in the upstairs window…He swung his legs over the railing and was sliding down a pillar” (69-70). This is relating to the idea that you don’t really know a person until you get to know them better. Jem and Scout thought that Mr. Avery was a mean person, but when they say him going to the upstairs of Mrs. Maudie’s burning house, they started to think that maybe he was a kind person after all because he is risking his life to save things that are sentimental to someone else. “You never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them” (279).