There are many reasons for an innocent to confess to a crime that she or he hasn 't commit. The most frequent ones are fear of abuse, coercion, ignorance of the law or even fatigue after a long interrogation. Apart from the mentally ill, there is another group that unfortunately is very easy to be manipulated into confessing for something they didn 't do, juveniles. Young children or adolescents are very vulnerable population as they cannot yet understand or analyze efficiently the situation they are in. That is why there are cases where the police officer would take advantage of this fact and through the power of intimidation, violence, and fear have manage to obtain false confessions from underage suspects.
One of these instances was the case of Florida vs Brenton Leonard Buttler. The were many aspects that lead to the wrongful persecution of the fifteen-year-old Brenton for the murder of Mrs. Mary Ann Stephens during an armed robbery on May 2000 (citation needed). The most severe of all was the tremendous lack of professional and diligent investigation work by the police detectives. Which in turn led to the extortion of a false confession that made it even harder for justice to be served.
When young Brenton was brought in for an interview, he was put in a sound resistant lock room …show more content…
Indeed, for people who are not familiar with modern psychological techniques of interrogation might be absurd that someone would confess to an offense he or she didn 't commit. In a study conducted by Leo and Liu, 264 students were selected as potential jurors and were first asked to rate 18 different interrogation techniques. The participants had to rate according to their own perception how coercive each technique was, how likely it was to elicit a false confession and how likely to elicit a true confession. Later on, they were also asked to evaluate confessions in association with other types of evidence like eyewitness testimony, DNA evidence, and a suspect 's bad character
In the trial of the four Norfolk sailors, the main reason why they were all convicted was not the proclaimed evidence that wasn’t on the scene, but was the confessions that they were coerced to say during the interrogations. There was virtually no evidence against the four sailors, but the jury sided that they were all guilty. The major problem during the trial was that no evidence was found at the crime scene and the prosecution only badgered the four sailors based on confessions that they were threatened to say or else they
If a person is quite young, possesses lower than average intelligence, and has no criminal background or knowledge of criminal proceedings, it is less likely that they confessed voluntarily. A court will likely find that because Ryker is quite young, possesses lower than standard intelligence, and has no criminal background, it is less likely that her confession was voluntary. 3. No. When officers use threats and coercion to encourage the accused to confess, it is less likely that the accused confessed voluntarily.
“A 2003 study found that teenagers were far more likely than young adults to falsely confess. And in an analysis of hundreds of cases going back to 1989, false confessions were found to be one of the leading causes of wrongful conviction, according to the Innocence Project, a nonprofit legal clinic. Overall, about 31 percent of wrongful conviction cases examined by the Innocence Project included a false confession. Among homicide cases, that number ballooned to 63 percent.” According to the study, Dassey would have more likely than not falsely confessed to the homicide.
The Gainesville Murders were a popular case that involved plain view searches. Five students in Gainesville were murdered from a stabbing. There was a lot of controversy surrounding this case and how evidence was obtained. Danny H. Rolling, who was sentenced to the murder of these five students, believed that evidence was obtained in an unlawful way. Mr. Rolling also believed that he was wronged in countless ways during his trial.
Mary Ann Stephens was a tourist visiting Jacksonville, Florida with her husband Mr. Stephens. According to Stephens a black male standing about 6’2” with a skinny build robbed and shot Mrs. Stephens.. The male then fled the scene with the gun and the purse of the victim. Two hours following the incident, Detective Williams whom was in the area spotted Brenton Butler sitting on a bench and approached him. He ook him into his car to go to the station for questioning.
Anyone that was accused had the choice of either confessing to something they didn't do or to get
The system does encourage those who are innocent to admit to crimes that they didn’t commit and the reason for this is due to the plea bargain. Like Bibas (2004) explained, most prosecutors just want to reduce their workload and the quicker they get through a case the quicker they get home (p. 2471). In the film (The Plea) the defendant Charles Gampero Jr. was pressured into a plea bargain by the judge and even though he wasn’t guilty, he took the deal because he would rather spend a couple of years in prison then the rest of his life. Right to a Speedy and Public Trial
The court case I have selected is the Roper vs. Simmons case. Christopher Simmons (17) came up with the idea to murder Shirley Cook. Simmons brought this brought this idea to his two friends Charles Benjamin (15) and John Tessmer (16) and
R. V. Bann - Verdict Rationale In the case of R. V. Bann, Bobbie Bann, the defendant, was charged with second-degree murder. Around the 14th day of June, the year 2015, in the City of Mariposa in the County of Missinaba, Mr.Bann committed second-degree murder on Fallon King, who was in the bathroom when she killed by gunshots. During the trial, it was a little confusing, the defense side was making objections almost the entire time, and it is a little difficult to follow, however, I did manage to found some evidence that indicates that Mr.Bann has murdered and caused the death of Ms. King.
When on trial for a serious crime or felony, there are multiple things at stake; the person’s life, reputation, freedom, and, possibly, his or her own morality. If that person is found guilty, then they will receive a selected amount of time in jail or prison. However, if found not guilty than all charges will be dropped. It is quite clear that if someone’s life of freedom was at risk, then that person would do anything to convince the jury that he or she is not guilty. They possibly even lie under oath.
“Convictions generated through plea bargaining are less related to the evidence, and, hence, to actual guilt, than convictions generated by trial” (GilChrist). This serves as an injustice to society because the plea has no restrictions or prerequisites. In order to reform the policy, the article suggest that plea bargains must have some type of evidence of actual guilt before the plea can be given so it will not put those who are innocent in the same category of those who are truly guilty. Allowing the innocent to believe they stand a chance in a trial is important. “Compelling the innocent to lie in order to secure the beneﬁt of a plea bargain further undermines the perceived integrity of the legal system by denying the defendant of a meaningful opportunity to be heard” (GilChrist).
The police then determine if the suspect is guilty and continuously interrogate, accuse, and even threaten the suspect for hours until they confess, whether they are guilty or not. On many occasions the people who are coerced into false confessions are have severe mental impairments that prevent them from functioning as a normal person with out the impairments would.
Introduction The book that I selected is called “Getting Life” by Michael Morton, who is a man that was wrongfully convicted of killing his wife in Texas in 1986. This book takes us from a happy young couple to the day of the murder, through the investigation into his wife’s murder, Michael’s trial and conviction, 25 years in prison, appeals, release from prison, and reintegration into society. One unique fact about this case is that is the first case where the prosecutor in a wrongful conviction case was subsequently convicted of prosecutorial misconduct, stripped of their law license and sentenced to serve time in jail.
“Courts have permitted the interrogators to tell the suspect that if he confesses his conscience will be comforted or they will inform the suspect’s cooperation to the court” (Richard 2008). It is unethical to promise and give hope to the suspect that will not be met in order to obtain a voluntary confession which are induced. During interrogation someone may walk in and hide his identity like being a police officer, while acting like someone else and promise the suspect that he or she is here to help and they are in good hands. Doing this is violating the rights of the suspect and should be taken into consideration, because it inflicts the mind of a suspect. If the suspect is going to confess it should be voluntary not being forced to “voluntary