The objectives of Reconstruction in America were to reestablish the union of the North and the South and to help the liberated slaves accomplish social liberties. Amid this time, numerous achievements were made with a specific end goal to increase rise to rights for African Americans, for example, the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth alterations, which nullified servitude, gave numerous African Americans citizenship, and gave them the privilege to vote. While the slaves were actually liberated, they were not really free as a result of state laws attempting to undermine these revisions, which were endeavoring to amplify their social liberties. Remaking was not effective due to state government endeavors to restrict the privileges of African
Eventually over time and after a civil war, rights had been given to African Americans through the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. Although these amendments gave rights, they were met by the force of discrimination, segregation, and the Jim Crow Laws. All of which blocked the rights or freedoms for African Americans. The Jim Crow Laws were laws that disenfranchised African Americans by making them pay a poll tax, pass a literacy test, and by making it to where African Americans could only vote if their grandfather had. This was called the Grandfather Clause.
Furthermore, these newcomers died due to lack of food and disease was spreading like wildfire. The new arrivals had reinforcements from the US, hence the ability to own the best quality of resources. Because of their connection to the US, the African-Americans would sell lands and resources to the US at a cheap price. Ironically, Liberia has now turned into a land of exploitation and racism by the very people who left America because of it. Incidentally, between the periods of 1848-1860, approximately 2,000 settlers were intrigued by the idea of emigrating to Liberia but they lost interest when the American Civil War was occurring.
The founding fathers of the United States built America on the ideals of Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness, and this applied to each and every person living in the country- not only to a specific racial group. Slavery was abolished with the defeat of the Southern Confederacy in the Civil War, leading to the Era of Reconstruction, in which the primary focus was to reunite the nation and promote of rights of former slaves. Africans Americans were not as free as Whites during this period. Although African Americans were free individuals during the reconstruction period, they did not have complete freedom as their rights were extremely limited due to mistreatment from punishment, segregation, and racism by white supremacists. The rights
From 1877 to the mid 1960s the Southern United States enforced a series of rigid anti-black laws known as the Jim Crow Laws. In theory these laws were to create a “separate but equal” treatment, but in reality the Jim Crow Laws only sentenced people of color to inferior treatment and facilities. Under these laws, public organizations such as schools, hotels, restaurants, and the United States Military were segregated. Blacks were even expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the Jim Crow Etiquette. This prejudice standard of conduct used in the south, enforced blacks to treat whites as their superiors.
Even though the Freedmen 's bureau was a great thing and was helping America get back their life 's on track many disliked it and protested against the law. The Freedmens bureau’s goal of Helping freed slaves was getting even more difficult every because people began to realize how hard it would be to continue helping the freed slaves because the south issued a law called the Black codes.Black codes were laws the restricted the daily life of an African such as .It was the start of segregation and only set the reconstruction era back.The Freedmens bureau still struggled to help by helping find lost family members and getting African Americans education.Agents of the Freedmens bureau also helped in the court system.in 1866 congress wanted to renew the Freedmens bureau but was vetoed by president Andrew Johnson who be leaved that the Freedmens bureau offers to much help and would prevent African Americans on becoming independanrt.Slowly the Freedmens bureau lost it funding and in 1872 congress abandoned the Freedmens bureau. Many didn 't understand that the Freedmens bureau was created to help the United States not hurt here is quote from the CHAP. XC.–An Act to establish a Bureau for the Relief of Freedmen and Refugees.“And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War may direct such issues of provisions, clothing, and fuel, as he may deem needful for the immediate and temporary shelter and supply of destitute and suffering refugees and freedmen and their wives and children, under such rules and regulations as he may
Although his opinion does not represent how all southerners felt it did represent a majority of them during that time of reconstruction. In addition, another reason reconstruction failed was because of the very different approaches both presidents took. In a time when they wanted to unify the nation it would have been beneficial for them to have the same mind set. Finally, although reconstruction ultimately failed its main purpose of unifying the nation it did bring much needed changes to the African American
It was the realization that everything that they had been conditioned to think or react was in fact just a shield to control the what was the “inferior” race in their eyes. Many white Southerners tried to resist the change, claiming they were only helping the black population or keeping balance by “protecting” them from what radical thinking could spring from. Thankfully later on in the century, this racist mindset was brought to light and black civil rights activists became more prominent figures as they fought for equal opportunities. A battle that had arguably happened much later than it should have, set off by the works and efforts of those like Griffin, who went against the flow of societal norms in risky experiments. So while there were flaws and mistakes in John Griffin’s experiment in Black Like Me, that same experiment helped bring the mindset of many inside and even outside of the South into a better, less deprived view of the world around them with some resistance.
He continuously asks to see “the doom of slavery” and leaves his speech “with hope” for a new and free America (Douglass). Douglass’s wish has been granted. Slavery is gone and through the civil rights movement African Americans were able to earn basic rights. While it is true that African Americans aren’t treated as well as whites by some people, as they are still trusted less simply due to their skin color, the worst inequality is gone. African Americans are also still treated overall better than when they were “free” in the North.
This shows that the North and the South were already semi divided at the time. This division between North and South would lead to the Civil War and the emancipation of all slaves in the South. Had it not been for this underground railroad it’s possible that the emancipation would never have come. The underground railroad itself is a symbol for what they were fighting for. It represented equal rights, equal treatment, and equal opportunities for African Americans.