Socrates believes that one's focus should be on what is morally right and wrong, which should be independent of what society thinks. Socrates articulates that moral right and wrong depends on our own intuition on whether we believe that our actions is inflicting evil on others. Furthermore if he escapes prison he has inflicted evil on his government because of his obligation to keep the laws of the government. Socrates continues to say that like his parents, the government deserves his obedience. I agree with Socrates that it all boils down to our morality and our own reason to what constitutes to civil disobedience.
The humanists believed in the good of humanity and the concept of a loving, non-interfering God, a concept called Deism. Human motivation for good deeds is a mixture of both philosophies; however, it is primarily out of fear and selfishness. ` Jonathan Edwards’ famous sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” is proof of the Puritan ideology of human wickedness. For example, the Puritans believed that “if God
Although, stealing is against the law - he had correct intentions, which he will prove as he defends himself to Hobbes and Locke. Thomas Hobbes removes the foundation of ethics and states that politics determines the common good, unlike his predecessors Plato and Aristotle. He determines that the concept of right or wrong and that society needs a sovereign to establish manner. Hood lives in the civil state where the sovereign has deemed it wrong to steal. This causes Hobbes to believe Hood followed a wrongdoing; disobeying the sovereign.
It is less controversial removing the lines about God “a government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed” and emphasis our roles as citizens; “I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies.”(Source B) And if people feel strongly about the racist and xenophobic origins that the Pledge was written in the context of, they can vote against it (Source D and F). As one author claims, “The pledge reveals the central, humiliating lie of American life – this country has not earned its loyalty, not from everyone, and thus demands it.” I agree that blind recitation is bad, but the Pledge reminds many people who we
This paper will firstly demonstrate the ability of people to be good or bad, as opposed to one or the other. To begin with, this paper will discuss two examples of good people, Albert Einstein and Martin Luther King, followed by two examples of bad people, King Leopold II of Belgium and Pol Pot. Secondly, this paper will demonstrate why it is necessary to adopt a flexible moral code using the examples of the Aztecs, who were forced to swap one rigid moral code for another, and Harry Truman, who was forced to choose between two unethical decisions. In conclusion, this paper finds that as one rigid moral code can be replaced with another, as in the case of the Aztecs, ethics cannot be a permanent construct, and that a rigid moral code does not
This excerpt highlights the second influence on the mind, learning from the past, and more importantly the influence of books. He says that books contain ideals and memories of the past, and these books change the basis of truth. The truth is biased and tainted by society, and this represents one of the basic tenets of Transcendentalism, that man and nature are inherently good while society corrupts the purity of an individual. The purity being individualized truths. Emerson’s respect for individual thought and truth is inspiring.
The first reason Socrates gives for accepting his death sentence is the fact that Athens has provided him with education. (Crito page 15) Although Socrates thinks this is a just reason, Plato would disagree because Socrates could have become corrupted and bad without proper education. According to Plato, Socrates would have the traits of a philosopher king. Socrates loves the truth, hates the false, is moderate and courageous. (The Republic 485a-486b) Careful analysis of The Crito would prove that Socrates does have those qualities as seen from his determination to stay in prison,
Furthermore, defenders of the divine command theory like Alston have faced the Euthyphro dilemma by says that although God’s commands make right actions right, God is morally perfect and hence would never issue unjust or immoral commandments. On their eyes, God’s nature is the standard of moral goodness, and God’s commands or words are the origin of all obligation and kindness. (Jeremy Koons, n.d.) One well-known objection to divine will/divine command moral theories is that they commit us to the view that God’s will is arbitrary, and the arbitrary will of God is not a plausible basis for morality. (Thomas,
He especially reacted against the sacraments of penance and purgatory. Luther built his case based on his studies of Paul’s letters to the Romans and the Galatians. For him, saving grace comes not from the righteousness we perform, but is entirely an alien (foreign) righteousness from Christ credited to our account. He called this the doctrine of Justification by Faith alone. While Luther understood faith as the means of justification, he also understood the ground of justification to be nothing more than the grace and mercy of God shown to sinners because of the perfect life and work of Christ.
The audience is forced to confront their own ideas of good and bad by acknowledging objective moral truth. Fighting for freedom and truth is moral in any situation and applies to both works, which proves both Satan and the machines are freedom fighters with a just cause and moral values, rather than terrorists who rebell for the sake of defiance and disorder. Setting this standard for objective morality helps prevent corruption and allows people to identify morality, or what is good and bad, not from their own devices and desires, but from morality’s inherent goodness. Works Cited Milton, John. Paradise Lost.