Ethos, pathos and logos are the three rhetorical appeals that I use everyday. I used it in many discussions with my mom, arguments with my siblings, or just simply as asking my friend to go out at night. Since the used of it is not mentioned frequently, people often don’t know the meaning of tools and whether they had used it or not. Rhetorical tools are used in an argument, especially when you try to persuade someone with the opposite view or someone who is still shilly-shally about the issue. After the first journal I wrote, I had discover more about how to use those tools and how to evaluate it. In “Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the poor” authored by Garrett Hardin, he had successfully used the three rhetorical tools in the …show more content…
A paragraph that displayed pathos is in “Adrift in a Moral Sea” section; Hardin used “we” in the first sentence to makes the reader feel sympathy with the circumstance. He goes on with the assumption: “We 50 people on the lifeboat. The lifeboat capacity is 60 spots, there are 100 people swim in the water and begging for admission to join the lifeboat. So which 10 do we let in? If we let all of them in and making the total of 150, the boat swamp, everyone drowns” The question here is made for the rich nations, and by using pathos in the sentence, I felt sad and worry at the same time; sad for the poor people of how much they had to suffer, worry for us because if we decide to help all of them, no one will be survive. Pathos also displayed in the “Overloading the Environment” section, Hardine’s point shows that “the population in India is 600 million, and increase 15 million each year. Every new life will put an additional burden on the environment, every Indian life saved through medical and nutritional assistance program diminishes the quality of life for those who remain, and for the next generation, as their current growth rate threatens, will future generations of Indians thank us for hastening the destruction of their environment? Will our good intentions be sufficient excuse for the consequence of our actions?” Hardine had done a great job by making us feel bad and question ourself about …show more content…
Hardine declared the metaphor “spaceship” can be dangerous when used by misguided idealists, sharing our resources with uncontrolled immigration and foreign aid would consider to be the ethics of a lifeboat. He gave a logical reasoning about if we help all the swimmer to get on the boat, the boat will drown and we all die. Also “when we let an extra 10 into our lifeboat, we will have lost our “safety factor”, this is true, if we don’t leave space for safety factor, even us can face some catastrophic consequences. He said “since the world’s resources are dwindling , the difference in prosperity between the rich and the poor can only increase”, the poor nations reproductive rate is a lot greater than the rich, and so helping the poor probably will lead to more poor people. In “the tragedy of commons” , he concluded “only the replacement of the system of the commons with a responsible system of control will save the land, air, water and ocean fisheries” which an accurate statement for “commons” can be diminish overtime if no one take the responsibility to care for it. In “Learning the hard way” and “ Population control the crude way”, Hardine pointed out a reason that make poor nations can’t become better. The U.S and other rich nations deposited food into the World Food Bank, the poor nations will withdraw the food from it; since the food always “available”, the poor nations will not learn to improve their
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Florence Kelley delivered a speech to the National American Woman Suffrage Association regarding the argument that child labor should be stopped. She presented very good arguments and persuaded many people to follow what she was arguing about. She used many different rhetorical strategies and she organized and analyzed her speech to perfect what she was going to say. The purpose of this argument was to convince the government to enforce laws that restrict child labor and benefit woman in an increase to improve working conditions.
The next rhetorical appeals are logos and ethos. Logos deals with persuading the audience through the use of logic and reason. Logos can be stated by using facts, statistics, and evidence to back up your information. Logos was used in this article when President Andrew D White stated, “Some players grew their hair long to provide a modicum of head protection” (Zimmerman 2014). Some studies showed that if their hair was longer it would provide more padding when they would collide with each other.
Hardin strongly appeals to logos to show his readers that rich countries like the United States shouldn’t help poor countries because it would continue the growth rate of poor countries and will leave future generations with a poor quality of life. One way he does this is by using statistics. While discussing at the beginning the metaphor of lifeboats and explaining the gap between the population of rich countries compared to poor countries Hardin says, “On average poor countries undergo a population a 2.5 increase in population each year; rich countries about 0.8 percent” (par. 28). This is effective because it is makes the reader realize that poor countries are taking over population wise; therefore, are in need of more resources than we are. That means that if we want to help poor countries we have to share with them, but
Katha Pollitt, in her essay, “Marooned on Gilligan’s Island: Are Women Morally Superior to Men?” addresses the topic of how difference feminists actually weaken women. Difference feminists believe that women are morally superior to men. Pollitt was invited to sign a peace petition, but realized it was actually demeaning to women.
An effective rhetoric has the ability to persuade an audience using the three appeals: pathos, ethos, and logos. Using pathos, a writer is able to appear to its intended audience emotions. Whereas logos appeals to the logic side of a person. Ethos is the writer credibility. Using the Conscious Rhetorician by D. Bruce Lockerbie and Coming to Terms: Rhetoric by Brenda Lamb, this research will show how Remember the Titans and Glory Road uses effective Rhetoric to get the desire
Garret Hardin and Walter Benjamin wrote essays called “Lifeboat Ethics” and “Challenge to the Eco-Doomsters. Both authers present different points of view when it comes to immigration, foriegn aid, and population. Hardin is opposed to immigration and compares the United States to a lifeboat that can only hold so many people before it sinks. He belives if we keep letting people in to the country we will overcrowded and everyone who is already here will be effected. He says the country is a “commons”, and can hold only so many people.
Pathos is the literary device that authors use which is meant to appeal to the readers emotions. Considering Lopezs overall theme of writing is guilt, he has to appeal to his readers emotion. For example, “As much sorrow as the man 's hand conveyed in Nebraska, it meant gratitude too for burying the dead,”(About This Life Lopez 116). By implementing simile and pathos into this paragraph, Lopez appeals to the readers emotions as well as their experiences in which they have had with nature. In this paragraph, he discusses how people experiences: hitting animals would affect their emotions: the man 's hand-if they really knew the basis of nature.
There are many writers that affect our emotions or that make us think that his or her statements are reasonable, whether they are authors of books, or script writers for a movie or a play. In Morgan Spurlock’s film, Supersize Me, he uses three common rhetorical strategies: ethos, pathos, and logos. He uses all three effectively, however pathos has the greatest effect out of all three rhetorical strategies. Spurlock uses ethos, or ethical appeal, in his film.
Rhetoric is a way of speaking in a persuasive way to create an impact on the audience or have them think the same way as the speaker. The three main strategies of rhetoric speech is ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos meaning the speaker is dwelling upon themselves, pathos meaning the speaker is using imagination to create emotion, and logos meaning facts and logic is used by the speaker to persuade the audience. Socrates used logos in a way that helped him exhibit an effective speech to prove which type of knowledge is worth knowing. In spite of this claim, Socrates was truly only showing the court that he really did not know much more than his name.
I’m currently working on an essay and have included two of the three rhetorical appeals Logos and Ethos. The main appeal is Logos, because There is a lot of information and facts. Ethos also, because there is authority that will help back up the claims. My audience is not directed to any individual group it is intended for everyone.
This excerpt from Last Child in the Woods displays Richard Louv’s appeal to pathos, causing technology drive Americans to ponder how the separation between people and nature has grown:“We considered the past and dreamed of the future, and watched it all go by in the blink of an eye”(lines 71-73). Louv’s nostalgic passage presents the growing disinterest in nature among Americans through devices, such as syntax, appeals to pathos and ethos, sarcasm, rhetorical questions, and anecdotes. Appeals to both pathos and ethos, as well as the odd use of quotations in the beginning paragraph suggests the subject of the passage. For example, the introduction presents an odd syntax: many quotations from writer Matt Ritchel are presented.
Aristotle’s Triad in The Declaration of Independence and Letter from Birmingham In persuading their audience, Aristotle asserts that authors make use of a triad or rhetorical appeals that comprise of pathos, ethos as well as logos. The two documents under examination, The Declaration of Independence and Letter from Birmingham written by two great American men in different times in history make effective use of the rhetorical appeals in order to connect with the target audience. The use of pathos serves as one of the effectively used rhetorical appeals by the two authors with an aim of appealing to emotions.
Rosenblatt wrote the article to convey that selflessness can be perhaps the best act of charity and power a person can give, and that it can really show a person’s true character. The man must’ve known that if he stayed in the water that he would perish, but he put the needs and lives of the other passengers before his, a true act of courage and kindness that the survivors surely remember each day they continue to live. The passenger showed the he had power over nature, even though in the end, he himself succumbed to nature. He showed that even the greatest acts of compassion can be given in the face of death. The overall theme of Roger Rosenblatt’s article, the overall inherent message, is that selflessness is perhaps the most valuable gift to be given, even when the cost itself may be