Many of the incarceration rates for African Americans are about six and a half times greater than that of Caucasians. African Americans make up close to thirteen percent of the U.S. population, yet they happen to represent thirty-eight percent of violent crime arrests. The prison population accounts for forty percent of the African Americans incarcerated. Racial disparity exists mainly due to the mass media and the emergence of crack cocaine. Poverty also goes hand and hand with racial disparity in the United States.
Blacks are also three times more likely to be convicted of drug violations than whites. Only 75 percent of blacks have received post-high school education, compared to 85 percent of whites. Not surprisingly, blacks on average also make less money than whites” (Philip M. Deutsch). It’s unjust that people of color are treated as inferior to white people, and it is that kind of social issue that interferes with the liberties of all Americans of
His picture did more justice than his conviction. By the 1985 245, 200 more were victims to the justice system. During the 80s, a drug epidemic was considered the worst economic crisis. This war on drugs made even more families poorer and the rich richer. Doing so made colored people find alternative ways in making money.
whose family is originally from the three mentioned areas. The criminal justice system in the U.S. has discriminated against the Latino over time. Many proposals and strategies to address the disparate treatment of Latino/as within the criminal justice system remain unimplemented Latinos constitute the second largest ethnic and racial group in the US whites with a population of 50.5 million meaning that one in every six people in America and one in four children aged 18 years and below are Latino. Despite the fact that Latinos represent a similar proportion as whites, they are dramatically overrepresented as crime victims in our courts, jails and prisons. According to research, they receive harsher treatment in arrests, pretrial proceeding and sentencing than whites charged with same offenses (Morin & Delgado, 2009).
. In Marc Mauer’s philosophy Mass Imprisonment, talks about the mass incarceration in United States. Marc Mauer gets into the mass incarceration of a particular race, economic standing with tax payer dollars, and how did mass incarceration came to be in private and public prison setting. Mass incarnation stemmed from the “war on drugs” and “get tough” policy. These policies were initiated by former President Ronald Regan and enforced throughout the 1980s – early 2000s, when George Bush Jr became president he reformed prisons with programs to help the formerly incinerated blend back in with the community.
Incarceration refers to the constitutional deprivation of an offender the capacity to commit crimes by detaining them in prisons. The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any free nation. The U.S incarcerates five times more people than the United Kingdom, nine times more than Germany and twelve times more than Japan (Collier, 2014, p.56). Incarceration has several objectives. One of these is to keep persons suspected of committing a crime under secure control before a court of competent jurisdiction determines whether they are guilty or innocent.
Now, as I had previously mentioned, the term "mass incarceration" was coined in the 70's to describe the beginning of an era in which people are arrested in dramatically high numbers. During former US president Richard Nixon's time in office, he took on the war on crime and the war on drugs. Which at first glance looks like a positive thing but once you dive deeper into what his real motives are, it's rather eye opening. Let's start with the war on crime. During this time you had the black panthers who were people fighting for civil rights, people who were fighting for women's rights, and people who were fighting for gay rights.
In the 1980s, the United States was characterized by racial politics and police violence. Most of the union jobs were outsourced to overseas, 45% of African Americans were left unemployed in South Central Los Angeles. Presidents Reagan and Bush had undone all the hard work that had been improved in the late 1960s and the 1970s. In the 1980s there was a decline in economic and social gains. Between 1986 and 1992, almost 1.2 million African Americans were affected by poverty, by falling below the poverty line (Lusane 404).
There was data collected from the Ferguson police department from 2012 to 2014. The African American population of Ferguson consisted of 67 percent. However, 85% of vehicle stops, 90 percent of citations and 93 percent of arrests made by the Ferguson police department were made towards African Americans. African Americans are twice as likely to be stopped than white people, but they are also 26 percent less likely to be in possession of contrabands. The Ferguson police department only cares about the money that they make from basically looting African Americans under the pretense of ticketing them
There are a number of stereotypes of street gangs, “gangs are a black and Hispanic problem,” “only males are gang members,” “all gangs come from poor broken families,” “once in a gang, you are in for life,” and the list goes on. There are many stereotypes that are true. For example, street gang members are generally perceived to be male minority members. Data collected by the national OJJDP reveal that law enforcement agencies report that the greatest percentage of street gang members are Hispanic and African American than other race/ethnicities. Pg 11 Outlaw Motorcycle gangs and prison gangs have been in existence for the last thirty (30) to fifty (50) years, provide the evolvement of these two types of gangs, how they recruit, how they sustain their status, how they uphold their charters, how they make money,