The answer is obvious: crime. But why does the United States have such a higher rate of incarceration compared to other countries? According to an article done in TheEconomist.com, one of the biggest causes of incarceration is the harsh drug penalties. State legislatures began passing laws that meted out the mandatory-minimum sentences for drug-related crimes, but this still did not make that big of a difference. In fact, according to a chart done by Prospect.org, the majority (52%) of inmates in federal prison are there because of drug related victims.
This also goes for the inmates that have been deemed to be mentally ill. These inmates should be placed in mental hospitals instead of being sentenced to prisons. This would allow drug abusers and the mentally ill to receive the proper care that they need, while also helping to reduce the prison population. The Center of Economic Policy Research stated that in 2012 only 8.5 percent of inmates that were incarcerated in federal prison systems were violent offenders (Kamrany, Boyd, 2012). Some believe that the main cause of overcrowded prisons are because of the unreasonable amount of crime that has been occurring throughout the united states for the past several years (Revercomb, 1985).
(2013) and Hopkins Burke (2012). The article from the Huffington Post, titled “Let’s Stop Treating Mental Illness Like It’s a Crime”, discusses concerns with mentally ill persons not receiving proper treatment while incarcerated. Another problem noted is the inability of communities to meet the needs mentally ill individuals within them. The author contends that these factors initiate a cycle that turns jails and prisons into “de facto asylums” with the likely hood that those in need of care will return to jail. This is supported by statistics provided by an article from the Texas Tribune which stated that from a sample of 900 subjects who had been in and out of
The type of violence that is most common in prison is/are rape and gang violence. Unfortunately, inmates are not the only suspects, prison staff sometimes harass or rape the inmates. The inmates who are the victims of staff violence sometimes do not report that they have been violated or assaulted because they feel like no one will believe or listen to them. Deaths in prison are also a huge problem, according to Bureau of Justice A total of 4,446 inmates died in 2013, an increase of 131 deaths from 2012. This was the highest number of deaths reported to the BJS Deaths in Custody Reporting Program since 2007 (www.ncjrs.gov).
Mass incarceration is the way that the United States has locked up millions of people over the last forty years using unnecessary and disproportionate policies. Contrary to popular belief, this is racially fueled as most of these policies saw to it that blacks and latinos be locked up for longer than their white peers and for smaller crimes. These racist roots within the system can be traced back to when the first slave ship arrived in the US. But our first major prison boom was seen after the American Civil war. I know that the Civil War was far more than forty years ago.
The Civil War prison camps were very important in the Civil War because they were responsible for claiming thousands of lives from both sides. What were these prison camps used in the Civil War? They were places where each side would keep most of their Prisoners of War, or more commonly known as P.O.W.’s, incarcerated. The camps were usually coastal fortifications, old buildings, existing jails, or barracks enclosed with high fences. Conditions at these camps were very harsh and the mortality rate, or the chance you have of getting out alive, was on average 27%.
These method focusses on educative function allowing people to learn from their mistakes and preventing further complications. If the government main goal was deterrence, then there would be less crime and fewer people in prisons. This would help with taxes and improve communities. Additionally,
Did you know that there are roughly 165,824,620 women currently alive in the United States as of this year, women make up about 50.6% of the population? But did you also know that there are 219,000 women locked up in our current Criminal Justice System? Where nationally, we lock up 8 times the amount of woman than we do men. That’s a lot of mothers, daughters, sisters, and aunts locked up. Many of these woman that are currently incarcerated have at some point in their lives experienced some sort of mental, physical, and sexual abuse.
Their could be a theory that the idea of not going to college and just working could be a way to earn more money after all would be misleading since people who are college graduated, their extra credit of work for higher education will be acknowledged from their workplace and would indicate as important and would pay the person more than someone who did not do anything to make them more educated. From the rise of unemployment, “those with a high school graduates is tuck in a part-time job with entry-level wages, and very few option for full time employment”. People who did not do pursue to higher their education would have a hard time to level up their job status and remain the
There are some cost efficient programs and other options that may be more than expected but making sure one works the best should be looked at with a different strategy to reduce recidivism. Inmates usually have obstacles when pertaining to getting back on their feet and how they spend their time wisely keeping consistent on their new goals. Recidivism and redemption are somewhat similar where recidivism is whether a criminal still “look like they will enter back into crime as an offender and redemption make sure that criminal records depreciates in the future over time making employers to rely on former inmates criminal records. Desistance the act of ending criminal’s careers. Over time long term recidivism has shown to be desistance that significantly individual change during the process when supported for opportunities for work, housing, and
So as not to punish an offender too harshly, the legislation may be drafted to decrease the sentence. This ensures that the society remains supportive of the justice system because when a sentence is delivered and it is unduly harsh or unduly lenient, the public may feel that the justice system has failed and that justice has not been served
Furthermore, black children are more than seven times more likely to spend more than half of their childhood years in poverty. Secondly, the issues around 52% African American men are unemployed in New Orleans. The lack of job skilled and education opportunities is two issues contributed to the high Black male unemployment rate. In addition, the rehabilitation process for convicted felons is dreadfully weak. Finding a job with a felony status is extremely difficult.
This can lead to them changing as a person which is what we would want; a changed person to come out of those prison doors and back into society for another chance. Involving higher education in prisons would help stop the revolving door of the ghetto-to- prison that has now helped build America to be in this current time of mass incarceration. It would return these prisoners to our society as more job ready than when they went in and be able to legitimately support their families and be less of a threat to society than before. This wouldn’t always be the case but you would see a drastic change in the number of re-incarcerations. I would love to see a time where the system helps people get their life together and doesn’t prejudge and keep people in a hamster ball so to speak.