“One in 5 adults experiences a mental health condition every year. One in 17 lives with a serious mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. A mental illness is a condition that affects a person’s thinking, feeling, and mood” (NAMI). Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder that affects how a person acts, feels, and thinks. In One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Ken Kesey writes about patients with mental illnesses. One of the characters, Chief, would be identified as a schizophrenic based on his actions and behaviors. In One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey, the author examines the causes of schizophrenia and the treatments for the mentally ill.
America is a culturally and religiously diverse country. Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in the United States. A follower of Islam is called a Muslim. The Muslim population is currently estimated to be between 5 and 12 million in the United States. Approximately one-third of the population are African-Americans, another third are originally from the Indian subcontinent, including Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, and the last third are Arab immigrants, Latinos, other European and Caucasian Muslims, and converts to Islam. Since Islam allows the individual to determine how to practice his or her religion, there are personal and cultural variations. Therefore, it is important for health care providers to consult with the patient about his or her religious observance.
One of the main reasons for this reaction is a lack of knowledge about the subject. Physical health problems can be explained relatively easily because they can be seen and felt; however, mental illness is more complex, and is thought of as more of a theoretical issue than an actual illness. Even though it is diagnosed as a medical condition, many people do not consider it to be one. Society views any problem associated with mental health to be something that is dangerous or unappealing, and concludes that anyone associated with a mental health problem should be avoided at all costs. This, unfortunately, is a common misconception, and is something that I have had personal exposure
Research shows that the best way to challenge these stereotypes is through firsthand contact with people with experience of mental health problems. A number of national and local campaigns are trying to change public attitudes to mental illness. These include the national voluntary sector campaign Time to
Mental Health-one of the most neglected spheres of health yet one that is capable of causing colossal detriment to the wellbeing of an individual or a community when impeded with. On a global level, it is not given the same importance and solemnity as physical health despite its huge contribution to the overall prosperity of an individual. A disruption in mental health could range anywhere from simple stress to deleterious disorders like schizophrenia and split personalities but regardless of their degree of seriousness, they all negatively impact the physical health. Not only could an individual suffering from mental disorder harm oneself but also potentially inflict damage on others. Another facet of mental illness is drug use and addiction.
Reasons why some of these disparities exist is because of the lack of acceptance, and mental illness stigma can allow for health disparities to exist within our population. Mood disorders still exist for a variety of reasons like biologically, environments and social influences. Disparities exists with some of these disorders like anxiety, depression, PTSD, etc. because there is still a stigma associated with having one or more of these disorders. People with any form of a mood disorder may not seek help because the book mentions that they often have “feelings of shame guilt, loss of self-esteem, and a sense of isolation and hopelessness”. What can be done to help reduce these disparities is to show more awareness and acceptance of these mood
Wallace View is a residential care home in the town of Stirling. Wallace View is owned by a company called Country wide which is an English based company and has other homes throughout the United Kingdom, also Country Wide is also a part of the Maria Malaband Care group.
Psychopathology primarily deals with the study of mental disorders. Most information that I am aware of about psychopathology and diagnoses of mental disorders has relied on data and anecdotes of symptoms from adults. Many problems and mental disorders that often affect adults cannot be properly explained in terms of causes or influences in their current stage of life. Some adults would indicate some sort of event or psychological awareness that occurred during an earlier age compared to their adulthood. Because problems that may have stemmed from birth and childhood may moreover affect adulthood, the need to study psychopathology in early developmental stages created an opportunity to construct a more holistic view of psychopathology. The
Mental illness is something that has always been hidden or looked down upon. People who suffer from a mental disorder often keep it from their families, because most of the time it is their own family that implants this sense of shame among them. Times have changed, and more and more people are being diagnosed with different disorders, something that you didn’t hear about back 30 years ago. For older generations, they do not always have an open mind about it since back in their time they never “heard” about mental illness. The reality is that mental illnesses have been around for so many years, they just were never justified. If you suffered from depression or Bipolar disorder, you were told “it’s all in your head”. People with schizophrenia
Many of these attitudes were perpetuated in the way the health system treated persons affected by mental illness and those who care for them (Burris, S. 2008). The stigmatization of mental illness are also related to mental health professionals, the institutions for treating of mentally ill people, the medications used in the treatment of mental illness (Burris, S. 2008). Nurses who work with mental health patients for long term are often facing stigmatizing issue (Horsfall, Cleary, & Hunt, 2010). Mental illness affects people in all occupations, education and income levels, and cultures (Abdullah, B., & Brown, T.
The fields of mental health and public health have a long history of weak interactions, despite the possibilities for a stronger working relationship (Cooper 1990; Goldberg &Tantam, 1990; Goldstein, 1989). This relates mainly to the stigma of mental illness, and vagueness in the concepts of mental health and mental illness. The interest has grown recently for two main reasons. First, mental health is increasingly seen as fundamental to physical health and quality of life and thus needs to be addressed as an important component of improving overall health and well-being. The concept of health enunciated by WHO as encompassing physical, mental and social well-being is more and more seen as a practical issue for policy and practice. In particular, there is growing evidence to suggest interplay between mental and physical health and well-being and outcomes such as educational achievement, productivity at work, development of positive personal relationships, reduction in crime rates and decreasing harms associated with use of alcohol and drugs. It follows that promoting mental health through a focus on key determinants should not only result in lower rates of some mental disorders and improved physical health but also better educational performance, greater productivity of
A mental disorder is a medical condition which disrupts a person’s ability to think, to feel, to relate to others, his/her mood and daily functioning. More clearly, a mental disorder or a psychological disorder is a psychological dysfunction associated with distress or impairment in functioning and a response that is not typical or culturally expected (Durand et al, 2006). According to National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH); a mental illness is a mental, behavioural or emotional disorder which is diagnosable and can be treated. There are innumerable mental disorders which can be named; like major depression, schizophrenia, panic disorder, etc. In the world, everyday, people who are diagnosed with a mental disorder is increasing. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) (2001); mental disorders affect one-quarter of people worldwide at some point in their lives. In
Mental illnesses are common in people, but many do not seek help (Wright, Jorm, & Mackinnon , 2011), despite the availability of evidence-based treatments ( U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999). Mental illness stigma is the main obstacle to the provision of care of people with mental illnesses (Sartorius, 2007). Therefore, people with mental illnesses need to cope with two complications; one is their symptom of diseases and the other one is stigma related to mental illnesses. Public attitudes against people with mental illness are harmful (Feldman & Crandall, 2007; Yoshioka , Reavley , MacKinnon , & Jorm , 2014) as well as discriminative (Pescosolido, 2013; Angermeyer & Matschinger, 2005; Mustillo, Budd , & Hendrix , 2013; Lucas
Fundamentally, stigma stems from three main elements. First and foremost, ignorance. In this case, a person may either be lacking in knowledge or is misinformed about certain facts regarding mental health issues2,4. An example of this could be an individual believing that people cannot be treated or recover from certain mental illnesses5. The second element is prejudice - which slightly overlaps with ignorance, in the case that an individual most likely has a poor understanding of mental health4. On the other hand, prejudice usually leads to that individual having a fear of those with mental health issues or even avoiding them2. And finally, discrimination (or hostile behaviour). This commonly involves treating those with mental health issues differently and in some instances, making it more difficult for them to gain certain jobs or rights2,4. The three main types of stigma include self-stigma, where people judge themselves based on what society deems normal or acceptable; structural stigma, also known as public stigma, and label avoidance, where a person does not look for or request healthcare merely to avoid putting a label on themselves. The latter could cause an undiagnosed individual to not pursue extremely beneficial help4 that could perhaps improve their life. Altogether,
The world health organization reports that there is 80% of the population who are suffering with mental disorders belongs to low and middle income countries. The developed countries are accounting more prevalence of mental illness but the untreated mental illness burden is high in developing countries.(1) When we come to Asia, China and India as two large populated nations (38% of world population) drags the attention to understand this mental, neurological, and substance use disorders. From 1990-2013 there was 44% increase in MNS disorders in India and it has been estimated to increase by 23% between 2013-2025.(2) According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), absolute disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) because of MNS