By 1871, Otto Von Bismarck had accomplished total German Unification, which included the Southern German States. In my essay, I will analyse how Bismarck used combined politics in order to preserve his power over Germany, the role of the wars against France, Austria and Denmark and how it influenced German politics. I will also discuss how historians have describes his politics as Bonapartist and the previous actions already in place when he was appointed Minister President of Prussia. Throughout his political career, Bismarck used combines politics as a method of maintaining power in an ever politically shifting country. After the revolution of 1848, a new wave of nationalism and liberalism had risen and it could not be quashed down, and
Personally, when I think about what happened before, during, and after the revolution, as well as the basic causes and the core of the revolution, I have to agree with the later opinion despite my deep and heartfelt admiration for both Napoleon and his accomplishments. When it comes down to it, I believe that while Napoleon truly did embrace and admire the enlightenment ideals, he was both too quick to force the revolution on others and too proud to let anyone else but himself champion it. In order to better understand the question it is important to know what exactly Napoleon betrayed. The revolution as it relates to France first started showing progress in America with the United States’ Declaration of Independence from English rule. The government that was founded from the American revolution was created based on enlightenment ideals such as civil liberties, a theory put forward by John Locke that government was put into place not by God for reasons only he could fathom but rather by the people in order to protect
Russia thinks that Germany’s army base is too big; UK thinks that Germany’s wealth and navy increased to threaten UK; The relationship between Germany and France had been sour as Germany stole a land from France, and had been in a long-standing feud with Germany from then. Then, Austria-Hungary and Germany formed an alliance with Belgium and the Ottoman Empire joining in. Then, when Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia declared war on Austria as Russia had a contract with Serbia that they would
Their political views were very different and it, probably, cause problems in Germany’s foreign policy. Slowly Bismarck’s Realpolitik changed to Wilhelm’s II Weltpolitik. Weltpolitik included aggressive diplomacy, overseas colonies and the development of large navy. So his foreign policy with Great Britain, France, Russia wasn’t successful, also with Austria-Hungary. In general Kaiser Willhelm II’s foreign policy on these countries leaded to the First World War.
Unit 2: Absolutism and Revolution Portfolio In this unit, you examined the American and French Revolutions. The American Revolution, sparked by conflict over British rule and influenced by Enlightenment ideas, broke colonial ties with a monarchy and yielded a new nation. The French Revolution, inspired by the American Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, freed French citizens from an absolute monarchy and secured equality before the law for all male citizens. In your unit study, you explored the causes and effects, characteristics, as well as the consequences, of each of these revolutions. What did they have in common?
Instead, there were people on the National Committee with him who helped contribute to the Reign of Terror (Linton). Robespierre discussed this in his speech by stating that the government was “despotic,” but it did not have a tyrant as a leader which would, in turn, protect the people (“Modern History Sourcebook”). He, however, executed his own people, contradicting his own statement. Robespierre also stated in the speech that terror was, in fact, a virtue and it was only appropriate to exemplify it. He, himself, acknowledges that he was truly an autocrat in France, which ultimately proves what Robespierre really was (“Modern History
Triple Entente consists of the British, French, and Russia nations, while the Triple Alliance were Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Along the way Italy made a treaty with France by which they would go neutral if Germany wanted to attack France. Because of these alliances there were many rivalries that were made. One of it was the want of power over Alsace and Lorraine; this was a rivalry between Germany and France. Rivalry between the navy and economic powers were also caused by tension between Germany and Britain.
Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power through a radical republic produced by the french revolution. He was able to do this through his immense military success and the resulting support from the population. He had painted himself to be a war hero, and the public believed it willingly. His subsequent downfall from power fittingly came from his major military losses. During the french revolution, Napoleon was a supporter, from afar, and let that influence his policies during his reign as Emperor.
The distrust throughout the countries led to treaties pledging that certain countries would defend each other, which separated the countries outside of the pledges further (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). This only increased the tension, as each country began taking sides, and set the stage for the war. Eventually, Germany began to fear that the French were seeking revenge from a previous war, the Franco-Prussian War. Germany knew that France wouldn’t attack alone, so they quickly took action and formed the Triple Alliance. Germany signed a treaty with Austria-Hungary and Italy, enforcing the fact that each country was beginning to take sides (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”).
French foreign policy during the First World War The First World War emerged from a series of events mainly the first and second Moroccan crisis of 1906 and 1911 respectively. This tested the alliance of France, Britain and Russia also known as the triple entente. During the first phase France suffered major losses in the Battle of Verdun as well as the Trench War. The Van Schlieffen Plan would have been successful had it not been for the measures France took in changing its foreign policy in the international system. France made promises to both the Italians and Serb-Croats in regards to Dalmatia disregarding the Austro-Hungarian territory.
The French Revolution brought fighting between Austria and France, until French armies drove back the Austrian invaders, and France was self-declared a republic. Violence in France started the Reign of Terror, during which Hamilton’s federalists spoke of the evil of the revolution, blaming Democratic-Republicans for supporting the outbreak of violence in France. Jefferson and his people disagreed and felt that the price of a few thousand soldiers was a cheap one to pay for freedom. This comes to prove how the French Revolution brought the division between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans even further. Another event in this time that would bring a negative impact of american politics would be the War of 1812 which resulted from the Embargo Act.
1) Militarism- Germany, Britain, and France all wanted to build the largest armies and their navies and the battle to use them on each other Alliances- Serbia had an alliance with Russia and Austria-Hungary had an alliance with Germany which lead to more countries getting involved. Imperialism- countries sought to increase their amount of land either for cultural or economic reasons Nationalism- people thought their country was better than the others which led to more people fighting for their country 2) the official policy that was used at the start of the war was to remain neutral. Wilson had ordered that the US would trade with nations on both sides war. In the start of the war, many Americans agreed with that policy saying
Congress, persuaded by Jefferson, passed the Embargo act and later the Nonintercourse Act, which blocked off trade from France and Britain. Later, the United States had problems with Indians, who Britain helped, supplying them with weapons and ammo, once again, making the tension rise. Taking a daring chance, the US declared they would stop the shipments and trade with the warring nation, if France or Britain (depending on who stopped first) stopped capturing their ships. Napoleon declared that France would respect the US’
The French and the British both wanted to dominate the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. These rivers were used to provide trade routes for commerce.The French had constructed a number of forts in this region to strengthen their claim on their territories. In 1754 the fighting between the French and British began because the British wanted to settle colonies in the Ohio River Valley. The spark of the war was when General George Washington led an army against the French at Fort Necessity, but were defeated. Britain then declared war on the French.
Document E ‘‘The British Octopus’’ shows us how Germany viewed England. They referred to them as ‘‘Blutsauger der Welt’’, which means bloodsucker of the world. They used propaganda and showed us how England was trying to gain territory. Imperialism contributed to causing the war because nations would make accusations and they wouldn’t trust each other. Having allies with another nation wasn’t a bad thing, but it did cause distrust between nations and it also caused them to fight for an alliance.