Brutus and the conspirators had not justified the need to murder Caesar. They simply wanted Caesar dead for personal reasons. Brutus was tricked into joining the conspiracy and he feared Caesar was becoming too powerful and would cause trouble in Rome but, had no proof. Brutus was easily manipulated by the other conspirators to join. He was conflicted, at war with himself, and confused about what to do about Caesar.
Cassius doesn’t just hint at killing Caesar, but Antony, too! Cassius tries to convince Brutus into killing Antony as he may want vengeance but Brutus only wants to protect Rome, not be seen as murderers: “Let us be sacrificers but not butchers, Caius. We all stand up against the spirit of Caesar, And in the spirit of men there is no blood.” Killing Caesar is already had enough for Brutus, now Cassius wants Antony gone too. Brutus makes it clear that the assassination is purely to protect Rome, not about betraying friends. Ultimately, Brutus just wishes to keep Rome safe, as a result of this he must eliminate a threat- Caesar and his rule.
Brutus continuously mentions that Caesar was ambitious. In his famous quote he says, “As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honor him; but, as he was ambitious, I slew him.” Brutus uses the repetition of ambitious to emphasize the conspirator 's reason for murdering Caesar. By repeating the word “ambitious” he makes sure that the audience knew exactly why Caesar had to be killed. This helps to create the specific effect of justifying the conspirator 's actions because it gives the audience a solid reason for why Caesar was dangerous. However, Antony uses his exact words to negate his argument.
Brutus tries to impress the crowd by saying that Caesar was going to become a dictator. “Had you rather Caesar were living and die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all free men?” (ii.III.L 22-24). Brutus gives this reason to make the people think this murderous act was honorable. Antony then steps up to the plate to give his speech. “The noble Brutus hath told you Caesar was ambitious… He hath brought many captives home to Rome Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill: did this in Caesar seem ambitious?
First, it is the idealism. Brutus is the idealist in the book who has perfect like with beautiful house and beautiful wife. Thus, he believes that the world could be idealistic too. Therefore, he chooses to kill Caesar for idealistic Rome without a leader who overpowers the citizens. Cassius understands Brutus’ idealism and uses it to destroy Caesar.
Cassius and Brutus have only spoken briefly and Brutus just has been introduced to Casca, Decius, Cinna, Metellus, and Trebonius, and he carries more of an influence in decision making than Cassius does. They both are very serious about killing Caesar; however their motives are much different. Cassius and other conspirators wish to assassinate due to envy whilst Brutus wishes to do what’s best for Rome. The two clash in conversation, but both fight for the same cause. The relationship between Brutus and Cassius cause conflict in both this scene and the rest of the story, showing that their different opinions could create conflict and a sense of superiority.
Caesar was warned several times by a soothsayer to beware the Ides of March. Caesar heard the warnings, but he did not heed them or take them into account. This act shows arrogance because while Caesar did not know what was to happen on the Ides of March, he did not find it relevant to himself so he ignored it. Also, when entering the capitol Caesar is offered a petition from Artemidorus. Artemidorus’ petition would have told Caesar who every conspirator was and potentially saved his life, but he did not read it.
In the story Caesar is to be king of Rome, Brutus plans to kill Caesar for he says that if Caesar were to become king all of the people in Rome would become slaves, although Caesar is Brutus most loved person. Anthony also considers Caesar as his most love person and there doesn’t want Caesar to die. Anthony won the overall fight of speech because of why Brutus betrayed Caesar, what his own thoughts of Brutus reasons were, and what Anthony thought on Caesar’s death himself. Anthony’s speech is more effective than Brutus for the fact that Anthony explained that he never betrayed Caesar like Brutus did, Brutus betrayed Caesar by killing him for the fact that he loved Rome more.
Antony uses pathos he communicates to the people in a way that Brutus did not. Since, Antony is not allowed to say anything bad at the funeral he discretely criticizes Brutus and Cassius because he feels that what they did was wrong. For example, when Antony makes a comment that is contrary to what he means, he says “But Brutus is an honourable man”. Antony uses a lot of pathos because he wants the citizens to feel the way he is feeling. For example, he says he wants to read them the letter but he does not want to make them weep because of how much Caesar loved them.
Lastly he thinks that Caesar is rude and arrogant towards others. In act ii Brutus makes a claim that supports his reason for murdering Caesar by stating “And for my part I know no personal cause to spurn at him but for the general”(II, i, 10-12). In this sentence Brutus is using a form of pathos. This is considered pathos because he is saying Caesar should be killed for the people of Rome. From this statement it can be interpreted that Brutus joined the conspiracy for the needs of the people.