World War 1 was led many embrace strong anti-immigrant sympathies. The government had started raiding headquarters and started arresting suspects. Attorney had warned the nation that the justice had undercover plots. Throughout 1920’s and 1930’s Vanzetti and Sacco was both feared and despised communism. They both had spent 7 years in prison.
World War I was finally over, however, there was a new threat to Americans. The fear of invasive Communist ideals began to grow rapidly in the United States. Communism is, in Democratic views, a terrible and oppressive way to govern a country. As the United States has always been a democracy, it is easy to understand the great fear of the American people. This widespread terror was known as the Red Scare.
After the event of World War I, Americans began to express anti-immigrant views against Eastern and Central Europeans. Americans had feared communism after the overthrowing of the Russian royal family during 1917 and only increased when the Boston Police strike occurred in 1919. This brought up a concern for a potential revolution caused by radicals and communists. Throughout the United States, Anarchists mailed bombs to distinguished Americans, which gave more substance to the Red Scare. Through the people and the government, their actions show how fearful America was towards communism.
As stated previously, the political climate of the Cold War lent itself to manufacture fear and panic among politician in order to perpetuate a sense of anxiety against communism and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Similar to the approach the Soviets and communists took in other nations, American society was filled much anti-communist propaganda and promoted America’s efforts to fight the horrors of the communists. The Red Scare as it came be known as included pieces of Anti-communist propaganda, where fear spread among the American public and influenced the opinions of the masses on a large scale (Schaller 1016). Hints of any communist ideals were met with hostility across American society, effectively preventing any formal or civil discussion on the matter. The United States became fragmented, it 's denizens in protest and division.
It’s the 1920’s and fear sweeps through the United States. When communists overthrew the Russian government in the 1917 Bolshevik Russian Revolution, the United States government resolved to prevent a similar uprising in America. American citizens also had a growing fear that the new communist ideals in Russia would spread to the United States, damaging the nation’s democracy. This fear of communism was known as “The Red Scare” or “The First Red Scare.”
America was a capitalist society that ordained people to act on behalf of their constitutional freedoms like the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press. The Soviet Union on the other hand opposed capitalism upholding a communist society and believed in the states control over its people’s lives and freedoms. We see the fear for opposing ideologies playout in European Countries. America was afraid that the destruction of communism would plague Soviet neighbors. While America was actively involved reconstructing Germany and its allies, they frightened Stalin and his communist party as they viewed their borders were weak and unable to be protected from an invasion.
During The Big Red Scare, America was over-reacting to an impartially lucid fear and being unable to subjugate the foreign enemy; Americans unraveled. In order to back up their falsified claims that communists were everywhere, any person who was indifferent to the persecution of said fear was branded as a likely suspect of communism. The fear of radicals increased and led to the fear of being thought radical. However, this national panic was somewhat justified by the minute threat of socialist and labor union strikes as well as several public outbreaks of violence. These issues took many forms including that of a perverted persecution of anything that the dominant white Protestants deemed as un-American.
McCarthyism created tension between Americans due to paranoia, patriotic influence, and greed. Clearly, McCarthyism influenced and allowed paranoia to settle itself within the American mindset. McCarthyism was the one key factor in revealing the Communist influence on American soil, and the detonation of the atomic bomb in Soviet Russia caused Americans to begin falsely
As stated before, though these both were harsh tragedies that happened in the world; it also brought the United States and other parts of the world together as a whole. Following the 9/11 attacks to support the United States for example many countries came together to show support to the United States and after the 9/11 attacks Americans began protesting and reconvening around the popularized phrase, "United We Stand," this was done so that Americans would keep the worlds hope alive in the midst of a terrible tragedy. The outcome of Red Scare enabled many states to pass the Criminal Syndicalism law that would outlaw acts of violence in securing social change; this law included limitations of free speech. In conclusion the Red Scare of 1919-1920 was set of by a fear of the Bolshevism and anarchism that Americans thought would soon be brought to America; along with the labor movement which then commenced the paranoia of the demarcated period. On the other hand the motives for the 9/11 attacks were stated to be a religious war; this also included reasoning’s as vast as the aggression of Jews in Lebanon against the Muslims, and the Americans holding sanctions against the
People thought that because the Russian czar had been overthrown and executed by strikes that the labor unions of America were being taken over by Communist immigrants with the same goal in mind. Soon, people became obsessed with the Communistic threat coming from Russia following World War II which led to violence and disregard of civil liberties. “The U.S. government, mainly the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) led by Democratic congressman Martin Dies, Jr., had launched an investigation designed to target suspected Communist Party members in all areas of life, including government, educational institutions, labor unions, and the entertainment industry. The repression engendered a climate of fear throughout the country, as people were afraid to speak out as the accused found their names on blacklists, which hindered their employability and ruined many lives.” (Travino, Marcella Bush. "
During the years of 1919 to 1928 the fear of communism spreading across America after WW1 was a big issue. Lenin 's belief of no economic classes and no private property was slowly starting to intrigue many. This period of fear was know as the Red Scare. President Palmer took action to prevent communism from spreading in America known as the Palmer Raids. The Palmer Raids were the deportation of any alien who was suspected in being a radical or in other words someone who supported communism.
Mccarthyism caused americans to turn against each other due to, fear, political reasons, and growing hysteria. Clearly, Mccarthyism stoked fear in americans. One reason for this is because people seeked higher power and would go to extremes just to obtain it. For example, “In 1949 when communists led by Mao Zedong took control of China and the soviets detonated an atomic bomb” (Roberts).
After the cold war intensified between the Soviets and Americans, the concern for communism spreading into America grew widespread. The Americans actions cannot be justified because communism was not a serious threat, the Red Scare was merely a concern, and the Domino Theory in Vietnam was not a reliable motivation.
American politics are an ever changing thing, going from things such as Republican to Democrat with a single election, or from being under rule of England to becoming a free nation. A special time in American politics is the time period after WWII. Although there were three major events that had changed American politics, only two events drastically changed them. The first is the known as the “silent majority”, one of the major reasons why Richard Nixon was re-elected. The second is anticommunism in the 1940’s, also known as McCarthyism or the second Red Scare.