Gothic Literature is a genre that was popular between 18th to 19th centuries in North Germany. It is always being associated with Dark Romanticism which the emphasize was more on nature, terror and death, horror and many more. It involves dark and gloomy setting and also unexplainable things that are beyond human senses and reason such as ghosts and monsters. The main characters, on the other hand, are always ineffectual which they do not give much effect on the story plot. This can be seen through Washington Irving’s “Rip van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” which can be considered as American gothic work in terms of its description of setting, the involvement of supernatural element in the story and also the characteristics of the main character.
It was originally emphasized in visual arts, music and literature. It then placed a new emphasis on such emotions, horror and terror, this was achieved in confronting the new elements of impacting the feelings of the reader in subtle messages and beauty of nature take from a different perspective. An example of how certain elements are set out to impact the viewer, is a poem titled, “the ghost” by famous author Charles Baudelaire. He is considered one of the greatest 19th century poets. He believed that evil and had been overlooked as an expression of beauty and
Poet Lord Byron, also in attendance, and his physician John William Polidori both came away from the summer-long ghost story competition with vampire stories very similar to those later tales credited with the genre’s genesis. Carmilla in particular is notable for the progressive groundwork it laid for LGBT-centric and otherwise liberally sexual
This symbolizes the span of life. In the story, the clock struck midnight and the Prince’s time was up, symbolizing his life being over. The clock is black because black symbolizes death, which can mean that the clock could also mean one’s time left until death. The next example is Prince Prospero; his name representing prosperity. By hiding in his abbey and building iron gates, he symbolizes human desire to escape death.
In this novel “The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”, Robert Louis Stevenson has used both character and setting to illustrate the theme duality very successfully. He chose the setting in the late ninetieth centuries during the Victorian Time in London. His main message throughout the novel is everyone that we know all have it own dark side and desire to do something evil to other people. Furthermore, his wider message is the struggle of human between good and evil, religion versus science and will the duality still happen within this modern time now. The duality of characters and setting is developed along with the story and characters.
Gothic Literature, both traditional and contemporary are sources of unpredictable, mysterious entertainment. For example, ‘The Signalman’ written in 1866 by Charles Dickens utilises the setting, imagery and symbolism, as well as the theme of supernatural to generate the tension in the story. On the other hand, ‘Lamb to the Slaughter’ written by Roald Dahl exploits intense emotions such insanity and the theme of reality to conceive suspense. Both writers successfully integrate mystery into the stories to provoke suspense. To begin with, the setting in ‘The Signalman’ is used to generate thriller, especially the creepy, isolated tunnel and the Signalman’s post.
These murders are only thought of and happen because of supernatural occurrences. Poe’s poems, since they are romantic, are always dark and revolve around death and torture. Poe’s writings are gothic and the plots of gothic literature are always about murder, funerals, and torture. “Above all was the sense of hearing acute. (The narrator) heard all things in the heaven and in the earth.
Edgar Allan Poe once said, “The scariest monsters are the ones that lurk within our souls.” Many of Edgar Allan Poe’s stories and poems, including “The Mask of the Red Death”, “The Cask of Amontillado” and “The Pit and the Pendulum”, are very similar in the way that they have no physical descriptions, dark and deep plots and themes, and they all have similar settings. In “The Masque of the Red Death”, Prince Prospero invites his family and friends to his castle to escape the red death. When the clock strikes midnight a ghostly figure appears. Disgusted by the way he is dressed, Prospero follows him into the seventh room in his castle, which is black and red. When Prospero tries to address this figure, he instantly dies.
He is terrified of being alone in the chamber he is in when the poem takes place. The "sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain thrilled me-filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before" (731). When the poem opens, he is reading over books of "forgotten lore" (731). His imagination is probably already running wild. His surroundings are conducive to the situation he finds himself in.
Poet Mary Oliver once wrote, “Someone I loved once gave me a box of darkness. It took me years to understand that this too was a gift.” Darkness is usually framed as being corrupting and evil in life, the little known truth is that Darkness can also be a force healing and development as seen in Frankenstein , A Tale of Two Cities, and Cannery Row. Frankenstein is the tragic story of Victor Frankenstein and his monster. The Gothic style of writing in this book gives the reader opportunity to easily observe the gift of darkness and the positives it can contain despite the horrors that also result. Victor Frankenstein begins the novel as an arrogant and irresponsible man who has yet to have any real problems of his own.
He has a sin he keeps under the veil. More reason to wear the veil. The Ministers Black Veil also leads to intuition adding more to the Romantic aspect to the story. The people of the town don 't understand why he is wearing the veil. Furthermore, when the minister went inside the church with the veil all the townspeople in the church were starting to get scared and worried about him wearing it.