On October 12, 1492 Christopher Columbus, and his crew came, upon some islands that they believed to be part of India. Not long after it was revealed that they had in fact come across outlying islands of an entire continent unknown--to most Europeans--before then. Columbus’s “discovery” resulted in the connecting of three landmasses, Europe, Africa, and the Americas. This affiliation--referred to by historians as “The Collision of Worlds”--allowed for a network of trade to erupt across the Atlantic. It was not favorable to all, though. The collision of worlds was both, revolutionizing and desolating for the Americas due to new wares, crops, and disease. It was beneficial to small portions of Africa and its inhabitants, but dreadful for a vast …show more content…
Africa did not experience the same advantages of the collision that the Americas did because they already had gateways to civilized and advanced societies through Spain, Portugal, and the Middle East. Still, it could be argued that the collision did benefit Africa’s economy. It allowed for an entire new industry, that of capturing, transporting, and selling slaves. Many African lives were ripped apart by the collision of worlds, but it also created a booming industry of slave trading in Africa--regardless of the morality of slavery. Europe benefited the most from the collision of worlds. The Americas offered an abundance of land, new crops, and precious metals. Entire cities just sat in wait to be conquered. The Americas also provided millions of people to convert to Catholicism. Africa itself presented some amount of riches and a whole trove of slave laborers to build and farm the new world. Europe benefited from the collision far more than Africa or the Americas and went on to utilize the assets found Africa and the Americas to build empires. The collision of worlds was not beneficial for all parties. However, due to a massive influx of conquerable land, it was the first step towards the colonization of the Americas, and eventually the new trading trading routes would create the triangle
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The Columbian Exchange is a term, coined by Alfred Crosby, meaning the transfer of ideas, people, products, and diseases resulting from Old World contact with Native Americans. Some goods exchanged between the New and Old Worlds include the three sisters, potatoes, wheat, tobacco, guns, languages, religion, weeds, influenza, smallpox, and human beings. While the transmission of foods to the Old World greatly contributed to population growth, there are largely more negative consequences worldwide than positive ones (3). After looking at all of the facts, one can only conclude that the Columbian Exchange had a more detrimental effect than a beneficial one.
Over the course of the time period 1492 to 1750, Europeans exerted increasing economic dominance over the Americas and Africa which caused and even led to many social changes within the Atlantic world. It opened up new and old worlds to a world of growing interdependence as well as connectivity. There were certain patterns of interaction around this time period. The America’s were therefore isolated from the rest of the world as well as all the Afro-Eurasian advances. European interest in spice trades led to many new overseas exploration.
The Columbian Exchange occurred when Columbus arrived in the new world and disease, culture, crops, and animals were traded. This swap caused the great biological exchange. When the Spanish and later English came over to the new world along with crops and animals they also brought disease. Europeans, living among many diseases, had built immunity to the ailment, but since the natives had never been exposed to the illnesses they had no immunity and the disease quickly spread. The Europeans, unintentionally, started an epidemic that would spread throughout the Americas and single handedly kill millions of Natives.
The end of the fifteenth century is attributed as the time period in which Christopher Colombus “discovered” the Americas. Although he was allegedly the first European to have reached these unknown lands at the time, many sought to reach the new world, for a variety of reasons. Most of those people could be divided in two: the settlers and the conquerors. In North America, there were more of the former, people looking for a new home where they could rebuild their families and lives. In Meso-America, however, the goal was to exploit the lands in order to produce and extract new goods which they could trade.
Nonetheless, the Trans-Atlantic trade brought African culture to the Americas and the Caribbean. The Trans-Saharan and the Trans-Atlantic slave trade have both impacted and changed the world. They both shared negative experiences for slaves. For example, families were torn apart. Women were used for sexual access for slave owners.
The Columbian Exchange impacted almost every civilization in the world bringing fatal diseases that depopulated many cultures. However a wide variety of new crops
The Colombian exchange created a great cultural impact on The Americas which can be seen even today. Wiping out up to ninety percent of Native Americans, the settlers that came to America created a biological imperialism on another scale. The demand from European countries for exportation quickly created a market that settlers could benefit from and Native Americans could not compete with. Deforestation started on a massive scale due to the high availability of lumber, and seas quickly started to be depleted of fish. The introduction of livestock and agriculture created an environmental revolution.
Economic Effects of the Columbian Exchange Inflation of cash-crops, slavery and silver resulting from the Columbian Exchange caused a drastic effect on the global economy. Cash-crops forged new trade routes across continents, slavery supported New World exports, and silver caused power shifts in the world 's distribution of wealth. As Spanish expeditions to the New World increased in size and purpose, the economic effects on the rest of the world spread with equal vigor. The triangular trade circulated commodities between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. From Europe some commodities were distributed throughout Asia.
The Columbian Exchange refers to the monumental transfer of goods such as: ideas, foods, animals, religions, cultures, and even diseases between Afroeurasia and the Americas after Christopher Columbus’ voyage in 1492. The significance of the Columbian Exchange is that it created a lasting tie between the Old and New Worlds that established globalization and reshaped history itself (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). Worlds that had been separated by vast oceans for years began to merge and transform the life on both sides of the Atlantic (The Effects of the Columbian Exchange). This massive exchange of goods gave rise to social, political, and economic developments that dramatically impacted the world (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). During this time,
Millions of years ago, the Earth was divided into two the Old and New Worlds. This lasted for quite some time, so long that different evolutions began. For example, on one side of the Atlantic rattlesnakes developed, but on the other, vipers grew. The Columbian Exchange was the exchange of non-native plants, animals, and diseases brought to the Americas from Europe and vice versa. This all happened after 1492.
During the early 1400’s European exploration initiated changes in technology, farming, disease and other cultural things ultimately impacting the Native Americans and Europeans. Throughout Columbus’ voyages, he initiated the global exchange that changed the world. The exchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New World began soon after Columbus returned to Spain from the Americas. These changes had multiple effects, that were both positive and negative. Although the Columbian Exchange had numerous benefits and drawbacks but the drawbacks outweighs the benefits.
However, the Columbian exchange didn’t always benefit both the Native Americans and the Europeans. Diseases were also exchanged, specifically to the Native Americans. Whether the exchanges were positive or negative, the Columbian exchange had a huge global effect, both immediately after the exchange and long-term. The Columbian exchange caused inflation in Europe, change in hunting habits of Native Americans,change in farming habits within Europe, and a large decrease of Native American populations.
There are both negative and positive attributes of The Columbian Exchange. It lasted during the years of expansion and discovery, but shaped the world as we know it today. This transfer had a direct impact on the cultures of North America and Europe, which introduced unfamiliar animals, diseases, and plants. The Columbian Exchange was a significant ecological event that changed the lives of people on both continents. Horses were introduced to the New World by Spanish Conquistadors.
Historians differ on what they think about the net result of the European arrival in the New World. Considering that the Columbian Exchange, which refers to “exchange of plants, animals, people, disease, and culture between Afro-Eurasia and the Americas after Columbus sailed to the Americas in 1492,” led to possibly tens of millions of deaths on the side of the American Indians, but also enabled agricultural and technological trade (Henretta et al. 42), I cannot help but reflect on whether the effects should be addressed as a historical or a moral question. The impact that European contact had on the indigenous populations of North America should be understood as a moral question because first, treating it as a historical question is difficult due to lack of reliable historical evidence; second, the meaning of compelling historical claims is contestable as the academic historian perspective tends to view the American Indian oral history as invalid; and finally, what happened to the native Indians is morally repulsive and must be discussed as such. The consequences of European contact should be answered as a moral question because historically, it is hard to be historically objective in the absence of valid and dependable historical evidence.
Throughout the late 1400’s and the 1500’s, the world experienced many changes due to the discoveries of new lands and peoples that had been never been visited before. The new-found lands of the Americas and exploration of Africa by the Europeans led to new colonies and discoveries in both areas. It also brought different societies and cultures together that had never before communicated, causing conflict in many of these places. While the Europeans treated both the Native Americans and West Africans as inferior people, the early effects they had on the Native Americans were much worse. Beginning in the late 1400’s, many different European explorers started to look for new trade routes in the Eastern Hemisphere in order to gain economic and religious power.